Alcoholism (alcohol dependence) is a complex disease characterized by craving patient to excessive alcohol consumption and lead to severe consequences affecting not only the patient but also his relatives, and, hence, treatment of alcoholism should also be a range of measures.
Alcoholism develops in several stages – initial stage, characterized by frequent and regular use of alcohol to the sick deliberately. Next is the first stage of alcohol dependence, the main features of which is the excessive consumption of alcohol, which, however, does not lead to whatever serious consequences, but brings irreversible consequences and could lead to further exacerbation of disease. The second stage of alcohol dependence is characterized by severe withdrawal syndrome, to get rid of which the patient is compelled to drink alcohol to mitigate the impact.
Treatment of alcoholism most successfully on the first and second stages, as the effects are still reversible. The third stage of alcohol dependence is characterized by disorders in the internal organs, mental disorders, so the treatment of alcohol dependence the third stage is the most difficult and long as the period of rehabilitation is greatly increased.
Alcoholism Treatment – the basic methods
Treatment of alcoholism – a complex medical and psychological measures aimed at full rehabilitation of the patient and his return to normal life without alcohol. Treatment of alcohol dependence in the first place, begins with a voluntary or forced abandonment of alcohol intake, the result of which should be to cleanse the body of alcohol and its decomposition products.
The next step in the treatment of alcoholism – the use of special medicines, and finally, the last step is to help the patient in adjusting to life without alcohol.
One of the methods employed in treatment of alcoholism, is the psychological impact. The psychological impact aimed at creating a negative attitude to alcohol, but also to give an installer to a life without alcohol. Also, this method is called hypnosis for alcoholism. Hypnosis alcohol proves its effectiveness for many years and used successfully in practice in many countries of the world. The disadvantage of hypnosis can be seen in the fact that in the absence of adaptation of the patient to normal life can occur failure, which will completely negate the positive result.
In addition, psychological treatments for alcohol addiction may depend on the peculiarities of the psyche of a particular person, therefore, effective treatment requires highly skilled professionals.
Another method treatment of alcoholism are banning medicinal treatments. In contrast to the method of hypnosis from alcohol syndrome, this method can hide a potential danger, as they are safe for the patient only in case of observance of absolute sobriety for the duration of the use of restrictive medicines.
By cons banning of therapy include the fact that after treatment the patient may be ceased, so to consolidate the effect still requires a long period of psychological rehabilitation, the aim of which is to adapt to a normal life.
Another important moments in the treatment of alcohol dependence is a complex therapy aimed at the recovery of the body of man, long consumed alcohol and could include oral drugs, normalizing the function of internal organs, cardiovascular system and nervous system.
It should also be noted the essential role of psychological assistance to a person with alcohol syndrome. After all, if dependent on alcohol people will not be able again to live and not be confident in their own abilities and opportunities, he will return to alcohol, and the consequences will only get worse. It should be noted that re-treatment, as practice shows, can be less successful, so in any case cannot stop at medical measures, the patient requires the help of experts and psychological support.