Health adults

Alopecia


Alopecia - causes and treatment

Alopecia – a rather troublesome problem, the most common among men. According to unofficial data, 70% of the male population of average years suffer from baldness in one or another form. Today we tell about the causes of baldness in men and how to combat them.

Causes of Alopecia in Men

Causes of hair loss can be many, but most often in men, there are two: the active work of hormones and heredity. Male hormones affect the hair follicle in such a way that it gradually loses the ability to produce new hair and, eventually, dies. But if men have a genetic predisposition to hair loss, the bald spot is almost inevitable. And it is interesting that in 75% of cases baldness is inherited through the maternal line, and only 20% on father’s. The remaining percentage have people who have baldness is manifested first in the family.

In addition, the causes male pattern baldness can refer to:

  • Hormonal disorders;
  • Metabolic disorders;
  • Certain diseases (Addison’s disease, down’s syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus, and others);
  • Stress and improper nutrition, lack of vitamins.

Depending on the cause and focus of the spread there are different types of baldness (or alopecia).

Types and stages of baldness in men

Androgeneticheskaya alopecia (AGA)

This kind of alopecia accounts for 95% of the male population. This is the type of baldness that is affected by the work of hormones and genes. Localization falls on the parietal and frontal region. Starts the process of hair loss with thinning hair, then they become short, like the fuzz, and after some time disappear completely.

Have androgenetic alopecia there are several stages. According to the classification on the Norwood-Hamilton during the first two stages the hair starts to thin at the temples and forehead, forming a receding hairline. In the next stage (third to sixth) area of hair loss appears also on the crown. And on the seventh stage, the main area of hair loss merge into one.

In addition, there are several types of baldness:

  • Horseshoe: the baldness starts from the frontal lobe near the temples, then goes to the entire fronto-parietal region, forming a zone of hair loss that looks like a horseshoe.
  • “Nest”: areas of alopecia appear randomly in different areas of the head, and the crown formed a plot similar to nest. In the end, this type of hair loss takes the form of a horseshoe.
  • Mixed: loss of hair occurs at the temples, in the parietal region.

Diffuse alopecia

Causes of AlopeciaIn this case, baldness is influenced by some external factors, ranging from stress and taking antibiotics, and ending with radiation. It is believed that pure diffuse alopecia does not happen always in one degree or another to it mixed with YEAH. In form of telogen, the follicles enter into the stage of sleep, but when the anagen form to restore the hair is almost impossible because the follicles are killed in severe chemical poisoning. More women than men suffer from this form of alopecia, but if you still have undergone this kind of baldness, remember that the form of telogen you have a chance to restore hair growth.

Alopecia areata

This kind of baldness, which recently was a very rare variant of hair loss, today appears more and more often. On the head, face or other hairy parts of the body can appear lesions, where in a short time lost all hair. After some time the hair fully grow in place of focus emerged and alopecia areata can no longer occur. But in most cases appearing lesions can overgrown hair (partially or completely) in one place and appear in another, as if “moving” from place to place. The most difficult cases of alopecia areata, when that appears, the lesions do not grow, and new ones appear.

The causes of hair loss in alopecia (also known as alopecia) alopecia is not fully understood. It is believed that in this case, the hair loss becomes an autoimmune disease of the body.

Cicatrical alopecia

Cicatricial alopecia occurs in 1-2% of cases, represents irreversible damage to the hair follicles and the formation of connective (scar) tissue. May be the result of infection of different etiology (bacterial, viral or fungal) which cause an inflammatory reaction around the follicles, resulting in this area of connective tissue forms. With adequate and timely treatment of infections of the hair can be saved. A common cause of scarring alopecia are physical injuries thermal and chemical burns, wounds.

Total alopecia

Is an extreme stage of alopecia areata, which is hair loss on the whole surface of the scalp. A kind of total alopecia is universal alopecia , or complete loss of hair on the entire body. It also affects both adults and children. Usually it starts with a sharp heavy loss of hair in 2-3 months can lead to complete baldness.

Is it Possible to stop baldness and how to do it

Of course, if you just stressed out and lost a little hair, then restore their active growth will be quite real. But today we are talking about the more serious problem of baldness male pattern in which hair becomes thinner and, eventually, disappear. Unfortunately, this process is irreversible, and no amount of vitamins, burdock oil and the mask will not be able to stop him. However, fortunately, the solution to the problem of hair loss is still there.

Treatment and pattern baldness in men

In the treatment of baldness in men there are 3 main ways:

Medication treatment baldness

Is course, results are visible after 6-10 months. The course is chosen individually. Apply injections, masks, massages, drugs, laser therapy. Medical treatment directed only to the maintenance and enhancement of existing native hair and the hair follicle. However, after the end of treatment, hair loss may resume. If the treatment was used minoxidil.studies drugs, the hair can start falling out immediately after the treatment. If you use additional drugs, a fortified native hair can last 1.5-3 years without intervention.

Please note that if areas of hair loss (designated complete baldness or thinning) hair does not grow from 6 months or more, any treatment in these zones will not bring any results. Because in these places has died the hair follicles that grow the hair itself.

Hair Transplant

This is one of the most effective procedures in which the hair transplanted with the hair loss impervious areas (donor area) in the area of alopecia. Hair transplantation is the operating and non-surgical methods. The consequences and the results after the transplantation, and may vary very considerably. Choosing one or the other method of hair transplantation, note the consequences of such intervention for your health (after some methods leave permanent scars on the head, headaches can last from 6 months to 3 years, etc.). And also ask about the degree of density of hair that you get after the transplanted hair will grow (for comparison, the natural density is 100 hairs per 1 sq cm, and the possibility of setting the hair, for example, when operating techniques – only 30-40/1 sm2).

Hair Transplant Without Surgery – HFE (Hand Follicul Extraction)

It is the most modern hair transplantation procedure, allowing to achieve natural density without surgery and with minimal trauma to the skin. In this method, instead of cutting tools and robotic devices are used microneedle 0.5-0.8 mm, which means there are no incisions, no scars, no pain and no swelling on the face. The survival rate is up to 90-98%, wound healing occurs in 3-5 days.

HFE Method is the most progressive method of hair transplantation.

Method of hair transplantation HFE (Hand follicul extraction) is a unique solution for those who are faced with the problem of baldness and want to restore hair, including the eyebrows, beard, mustache, and the scars. HFE to date, is the only clinic in USA, where this procedure is performed by doctors-trichologists with a unique microtools just a few hours. Hair restoration method HFE virtually painless, leaves no scars and swelling and the healing process is only 3-5 days. The result is restoration of the natural density of hair (up to 80 hairs per 1 cm2 at natural density 100-120 hairs). Learn more about the clinic, HFE method and procedure

Living With Alopecia