Gastroenterology

Bloating (flatulence)


Bloating (flatulence)

Bloating (flatulence) is the accumulation of gas in the intestines due to digestive disorders. This process is often accompanied by swelling, increased abdominal volume and unpleasant feeling of fullness inside.

Without a doubt, all of us in varying degrees, experienced it myself and know perfectly well what inconvenience may cause this disease. Filled with gas the intestines creates a feeling of the overflowed stomach, and consequent colic bring a lot of trouble, making us feel uncomfortable.

Flatulence happens in healthy people, but more often it serves as a manifestation of other more serious diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Gases in the gut can accumulate in such pathologies as:

  • chronic pancreatitis – the body lacks the enzymes produced by the pancreas and as a result, the swelling appears after intake of any food type,
  • irritable bowel syndrome – is a violation of motor function of the intestine, bloating in this case is accompanied by pain,
  • dysbiosis is the disturbed balance of microflora and harmful organisms begin to produce gases (methane, hydrogen sulfide, ammonia),
  • lactose intolerance in adults is often in the absence of enzymes that promote the assimilation of lactose (milk sugar),
  • bowel obstruction – discharge gases may be difficult due to the development of tumors or polyps.

To get rid from bloating actually at home, but it is better together with your doctor to find the cause of the disease. Remember that medicine is not a substitute for primary therapy, but only add to it.

Reasons for bloating

We blush and turn pale, experience unpleasant sensations, forgetting that often the cause of our discomfort we are – our lifestyle and way of eating, because there are reasons that can trigger this reaction of the body and are quite healthy people.

Reasons for bloatingVery often excessive flatulence in the esophagus causes excessive passion various kinds of carbonated waters. Usually this swelling takes place, without causing much inconvenience, as the gases in a healthy person can be quickly absorbed by the intestinal wall or are excreted by physiological.

It is also possible the ingress of air into the stomach large portions at mealtime. Therefore, you should not hurry, absorbing food.

Remember that some products are consumed in large quantities, causing fermentation reaction and, as a result of fermentation. In order to avoid undesirable consequences, you should moderate the consumption of sweets and muffins, brown bread, beans, potatoes and other products containing large amounts of easily digestible carbohydrates, fiber or starch.

Sometimes the cause of bloating could be an attempt to get rid of heartburn by drinking soda because it neutralizes the acidic environment of gastric juice and provokes flatulence.

Symptoms of bloating

Symptoms of bloatingMost often, bloating is not an independent disease, but a symptom of other, more serious diseases of the digestive system.

Excessive gas formation in the intestine is possible in chronic pancreatitis – a disease in which the body lacks the enzymes produced by the pancreas. In this case, the bloating usually happens after eating, regardless of its composition.

Also flatulence can be caused by irritable bowel syndrome. This disturbed motor function anatomically healthy bowel, and bloating accompanied by pain in the abdomen, and in some cases even diarrhea or constipation.

The cause of bloating can be intestinal obstruction caused by tumor or polyps. In this case, the discharge of gases from the intestine is difficult and leads to flatulence.

Excessive flatulence can be caused by intestinal dysbiosis. Due to the decrease of protective properties of the organism in the large intestine is a violation of the microflora. Harmful germs that enter there, in large quantities produce gases (mainly ammonia, methane and hydrogen sulfide). This process leads to the swelling, accompanied with a fetid odor.

Also flatulence is often accompanied by intolerance of lactose – a condition in which the body lacks the enzyme that allows people to digest milk products.

Bloating and abdominal pain. Pain is usually are short-term, but painful in nature. The unpleasant sensations are when the gas passes through the intestines. The pain can occur at various points of the abdominal cavity, and passing through the intestines, to change the location. If You feel prolonged pain for a long time, then it may be a signal that the cause is not bloating, and no more serious illness.
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Bloating after meals

In most cases, flatulence is associated with malnutrition. In a healthy person bloating can be caused by accidental ingestion of large amounts of air together with food or drinking highly carbonated drinks. Also discomfort can arise if a certain food is poorly absorbed by the body. Therefore, instead of being digested, it starts to form gases.

Another cause of flatulence may be dairy foods. To digest this kind of products need the enzyme lactase. When insufficient quantity of milk and similar products can cause discomfort. The cause may be the products of crude fiber, or starch, for example, sunflower seeds, cabbage, potatoes, nuts, oats. If you frequently experience bloating these products should be deleted. And, in the case of their use, it should be remembered that such foods should be chewed very thoroughly, otherwise it may cause discomfort.

What to do with bloating?

One day after the bloating should be given to bowel rest. Should eat only boiled rice and wash it down with herbal teas. Subsequently, you should reconsider your diet. Meat is necessary to give preference to chicken, Turkey and veal, as well as cereals – rice. The milk should be replaced with fermented milk products (cheese, yogurt). You must drink teas of mint, St. John’s wort and chamomile. Well add to dishes spices and herbs that reduce flatulence: ginger, cumin, cardamom, parsley, dill, fennel.

Treatment for bloatingTo understand which specific foods cause bloating, is to focus on your feelings. Follow the sensations that you experience while taking this or that product, and draw conclusions. Medical intervention, in most cases, limited to the appointment of enzyme preparations. But if you suspect infection or bacteria in the gastrointestinal tract, are prescribed antibiotics.

Treatment for bloating

The most common way of dealing with bloating is the use of activated charcoal (1 g three times a day). Should also be excluded from the diet foods that contribute to fermentation. Such provocateurs may be baking, sweets, milk, fresh vegetables, peas and beans.

To improve overall health and relieve discomfort can also exercise aimed at normalizing bowel function. To do this every day to do morning exercises including sit-UPS and lifting legs. Also helpful are swimming, walking or Jogging.

If the distention is not caused by poor diet, and is a consequence of any disease, we should treat the cause of bloating, consult a doctor.