Not so long ago Low heart pressure (Hypotension) doctors at the time considered less dangerous than High blood pressure (Hypertension). However, medicine has proven that low blood pressure is also dangerous, and can lead to very unpleasant consequences. Therefore, you should carefully refers to this disease, to have recourse to an accurate diagnosis and prescribe treatment.
What is blood pressure considered low?
Blood pressure readings consist of two numbers: systolic – pressure of blood against the walls of the vessels during contraction of the ventricles of the heart, and diastolic is the pressure between heart contractions.
Modern medical management believe that a normal pulse pressure is 120/80 or below. Optimal is the measure of systolic and 115 diastolic 75. Low heart pressure starts from the value of 90/60. The pressure is classified as low or low when it detects that low just one indicator. Refer to low pressure with a value of 115/50. Generally cardiac pressure 50, as an indicator of diastolic, is the reason to think seriously about the General state of health and need to consult a doctor. Heart pressure of 40 may be caused by acute myocardial infarction, severe arrhythmia, severe allergic reaction or pulmonary embolism. If the tonometer shows a lower value of 40, it is necessary to call an ambulance.
Causes blood pressure 120/50
Common cause downward pressure – decreased tone of the vascular system. The blood circulation slows down due to the weakness of the vessels, so the power supply of all organs with oxygen occurs defective. This affects primarily the brain and other parts of the body. Among the immediate causes include:
- Disorders of the heart. Lowering the pressure can cause bradycardia, heart failure, or certain problems with the heart valves.
- Endocrine disorders – hypothyroidism, hypoglycemia, in some cases, diabetes and adrenal insufficiency – causes reduction of the tone of blood vessels.
- Pregnancy, early in its course, accompanied by a drop in systolic values of 5-10 mm/Hg.St., diastolic by 10-15. Low heart pressure is normal, because after the baby is born blood pressure returns to normal values.
- Dehydration, as a result of increased physical activity, diarrhoea or abuse of diuretics.
- Blood loss through injury.
Treatment blood pressure 120 over 50
Treatment of low pressure begins with accurate diagnosis by a specialist. First of all, it is necessary to exclude diseases for which hypotension is acting as support. The vast majority of cases, the treatment is carried out by the cardiologist, but if necessary, the patient will receive a referral to a neurologist.
Complex therapy of hypotension requires correction of a lifestyle in the direction of increasing activity and recreation. Recommended walks in the fresh air, playing any sport or physical burden, increase time for sleep, fighting fatigue.
Of physiotherapy funds to improve the tone of blood vessels, a doctor may be administered magnetotherapy, cryotherapy, reflexology, massage. These procedures have positive effect on blood circulation in all, even the smallest vessels.
Medication blood pressure 120/50 focuses on the application of preparations containing caffeine, or vegetable and animal drugs to stimulate growth. We are talking about adaptogens – Chinese Magnolia vine, Eleutherococcus, ginseng, pantokrina. Sometimes prescribe sedatives and tranquilizers: fetanol, ephedrine, mezaton, and adrenal hormones (corgin).
Indicated for hypotension, the corresponding Spa treatment.
Lifestyle and diet in low blood pressure
To raise the blood pressure of 120/50 diet. Traditionally perk up strong coffee in the morning, the main supplier of caffeine. But to raise blood pressure will help and the use of sodium for this food include salty foods. Perfect with a Cup of coffee add a grilled cheese sandwich. Cheese is a beautiful combination of salt and animal fats, providing a tonic effect on the vascular wall.
Food in General, you need to reconsider in favour of optimizing the selection of products. In General, food packages should work on strengthening the cardiovascular system.
Why low heart pressure is accompanied by a bad mood? Hypotensive characterized by high emotionality. So jump in mood often leads to a decrease in pressure. Should work on the psychological resistance to all sorts of trouble. Here can help well-organized physical activity.