There are some standard procedures that you will regularly offer during pregnancy. Measurement of blood pressure is one of them.
The need for such measurements, along with the determination of the content of protein in the urine, due to the fact that both of these factors – high blood pressure and protein in the urine can be a sign of a serious pathological condition called pre-eclampsia.
In the opinion of obstetricians starting in the 20th week of pregnancy, you should regularly check the AD, which is one of the most important indicators of your health and your baby’s health.
Your blood pressure during pregnancy
By the sixth month of pregnancy, your body contains 2.5 liters of blood more than usual, and all the blood pumped through the circulatory system. This is an additional burden on the body.
Additional blood is needed for delivery of nutrients and oxygen through the placenta and umbilical cord to your baby, and metabolic products.
During pregnancy your body produces progesterone – the hormone that causes relaxation of blood vessels, therefore we often observed a decrease in blood pressure in mid-pregnancy. Low pressure can cause weakness and dizziness, if a woman was too long in the vertical position or abruptly stood up from his seat.
In the last weeks of pregnancy your blood pressure returns to normal. Rise blood pressure above the norm of concern to doctors only in cases when it is confirmed by several successive measurements (read more in the article “What is pre-eclampsia”).
If before pregnancy you suffer high blood pressure (hypertension), you may be given drugs to control blood pressure during pregnancy, which will not affect your baby’s health.
How to measure the pressure?
The doctor measures your blood pressure during each inspection using a tonometer. The device can be mechanical or electronic.
This is measured by two pressure – systolic (heart beats) and diastolic (during the interval between heart beats). Therefore, the measurement result is recorded as a fraction, for example, 130/90. The values of arterial blood pressure normal for you is not the norm for other pregnant women, so don’t try to compare the results!
For the specialist, watching you during pregnancy, the greatest interest is the diastolic pressure (i.e. the denominator). The average blood pressure of a healthy young woman is in the range from 110/70 to 120/80.
If your blood pressure measured within one week, at least twice is higher than 140/90, this may indicate the presence of pre-eclampsia.
Regular measurement of blood pressure is necessary for the doctor to be able to determine your rate. This is important because large numbers, obtained with a single measurement, yet said nothing. Pressure can jump, for example, due to the fact that you have pornavalai or somewhere late. If your doctor suspects you have high blood pressure, he will repeat the measurement.
You almost can’t do anything to reduce the pressure, but when detected early signs of pre-eclampsia, you can have more rest and try to avoid stress related, for example, with the work. Take a look at our tips on how to reduce stress during pregnancy.
What to do if you have high blood pressure?
If blood pressure really starts to grow, diagnosis and further actions will depend on the results of regular urine analysis. If urine protein is detected, this may indicate the occurrence of the initial stage of pre-eclampsia, and you should frequently visit the doctor.
What is preeclampsia?
Pre-eclampsia is a serious pathology, which is associated with the disruption of the placenta – the organ that is responsible for feeding the baby in the womb. Pre-eclampsia can occur at any time after the 20th week of pregnancy. According to statistics, pre-eclampsia occurs in one of the 14 pregnancies. It is also known that it suffers every 20 woman waiting for their first child. Such women should frequently check the blood pressure and a urine sample for analysis. You definitely need to talk with your doctor if you have constant headaches, swelling of the hands and feet, and nausea can all be signs of a growing pre-eclampsia.
With high blood pressure during pregnancy may require hospitalization and special medication (which your child did not hurt). Doctors will closely monitor your condition and the condition of your child, and if you find signs of a slowdown in the growth of the fetus, or if your condition worsens, you can offer induction of labour or caesarean section.
After birth, your blood pressure should return to normal, but the recovery process may take several weeks. During this same time must pass and swelling.
Five ways to protect yourself from complications
1 don’t miss one assigned to you prenatal examination, even if you have no complaints.
2 Note the need for blood pressure measurement and the taking of urine on analysis at each visit.
3 If in the period between examinations you feel unwell, contact your doctor.
4 Follow all the recommendations, including those relating to needed rest.
5 If, in connection with increasing the blood pressure you were proposed to pass additional examinations or to lie for some time in the hospital, remember that this is done for the sake of your own health and the health of your child.