The broken finger is quite a common injury for people and prevention from it, except that to walk in an iron fist. Signs of a finger fracture is sufficiently expressive, regardless of whether it’s a broken toe or hand. Naturally, many are wondering – what should I do if broken finger how to identify and what should be the first aid for a broken finger. There are several types of fractures – open, closed, edge, offset. About all that you learn in the article.
Probably everyone know the situation when injured pinky toe, or a finger when the door is closed. This is not surprising, because the fingers of the person is actively using in their daily lives. Moreover, these body parts are in front and not protected by any additional bodies. Broken bones fingers can get everywhere, even accidentally bumping her hand on the door handle. Of course, most often this affects athletes who engage in various kinds of sports. Typically, the fracture occurs as a result of a strong blow to the fingers, or direct fall on them. Yes, there is a certain prevention, aimed at strengthening bone tissue. But if it’s pretty strong impact (car accident, damage to a work machine, etc.), prevention is just not going to help.
As you know, the fingers is a tubular cuticular appendages, which are located at the ends of the limbs. Their main function is the sense of touch and various manipulation. In humans there are two types of fingers: on the feet and hands. Like any other fracture, the fingers also distinguish between closed and open fracture. From the type of damage depends on the method of first-aid and further treatment. Also allocate a finger fracture with displacement, which is the most complicated in trauma patients, and not rarely ending surgery on the surgical table.
You may have broken toe or broken finger. Choose what suits you and read.
Signs of a broken finger
A fractured finger how to identify? In other words, the finger fracture that the leg on the hand is similar, but has its own characteristics. The outward signs of a broken finger are not always able to describe the full picture and to identify the fracture. For example, such symptoms as swelling, hematoma and bruising the external skin at the injury site can hide no fracture, but a trivial injury. Even the regional fracture of a finger can not immediately identify. But other signs such as shortening of the phalanges, crepitus (crunching bones), very strong pain when I try to make habitual movements – give reason to assume that you have indeed broken. On palpation you can feel a ledge of bone, possibly hemorrhage. Of course, the most reliable way to determine the exact diagnosis to undergo x-ray examination, since the symptoms are often unreliable.
Another thing, if the patient has an open fracture of a finger, then clearly he is not injury. From injury can hang around the bones, and the functionality of the limb just goes by the wayside. As a rule, the fracture is not accompanied by profuse bleeding, as in the fingers are missing the Central artery. The patient will just be in more pain, especially when making movements. If the finger is caught in a manufacturing machine or other dangerous equipment, the phalanx can just break, and they will lose their form thoroughly.
If the symptoms don’t quite fit, perhaps you just contusion of finger. It is also possible elementary dislocation of finger or toe.
Signs of infection at the fracture of finger
If it so happened that the patient has an open fracture, there is a good chance to infect the wound. The main signs of infection: fever, swelling, redness, severe pain in the finger that gets worse and does not pass, purulent substance, the presence of a rather unpleasant smell in the wound area due to the waste products of pathological bacteria. This usually occurs within a few days after the injury, and is a serious complication.
First aid for broken finger
What to do when a broken finger? In the first few seconds after injury, you need to render the first prehospital aid to the victim. First aid for a broken finger is to immobilization of the damaged finger. This is done using the bus. As tires are perfect sticks for ice cream, pens, twigs of the tree, and to secure a piece of bandage or cloth. To reduce pain and swelling at the injured finger, you can put a piece of ice or a cold bottle of water. Pre-ice need to be wrapped up in a cloth or towel. It could have been nail injury, then read the article about it.
Rehabilitation after broken finger
Once your bones on the thumb or the fingers healed and the plaster was finally removed, it is very important and time-consuming period, which raises only one question, how to develop finger after a fracture? At first it will seem that it’s not your fingers that will only bring discomfort. All this is fixable, what can help special recovery exercises. Development of a finger after a fracture should start with minimum loads to re-injure the damaged bone.
1.Consistently, but slowly squeeze and pinch open to the sides. For a start will be enough relaxed rate, then you can accelerate.
2. Try the tips of each finger touches the tip of your thumb. At the beginning can’t leave, so repeat this exercise until you succeed because this is important for recovery.
3. Make circular movements of each finger separately first counterclockwise and then clockwise.
4.Do the snap your fingers. This is a very simple exercise, which will help to restore the finger.
5.You can compress fingers in a fist, and then sharply to straighten them. This exercise is done more dramatically.
Treatment of broken finger
In that case, if there was a fracture of the phalanx, then it is under the influence of local anesthesia reposition, that is, the mapping fragments. To correct the angular deformity is careful pulling the thumb directly over the last phalanx.
Next three or four weeks the plaster bandage is applied, which is carried out fixing a damaged finger. Itself the plaster bandage is applied to the base of the finger in cases of fracture of nail phalanx. If a fracture occurs other phalanges, then the gypsum bandage from the toes and up to the lower third of the forearm.
Many, comminuted, and oblique fractures of the phalanges have a tendency to further displacement. That is why the fixation is carried out using special needles that are left on for three or four weeks. But she also left a plaster immobilization for five weeks.
In the case of fracture of the joints is quite effective treatment of methodologies, which applies a special compression-distraction device that helps to fix the damaged finger. Through the use of this technique does not prevent the movement of joints in the early stages of treatment, as this is important for the whole treatment.
As a rule, fracture of the thumb occurs as a result of a severe injury. In the process of treatment there may be some difficulties associated with the location of the bones.
First of all, doctors mend these fractures – they use special tensile devices. Immediately after the process of pulling on a sore thumb overlaps plaster. Due to the damaged plaster right fixed finger, and the bone remains at rest until fully completed the process of accretion.
If you have a broken index finger, you should immediately see a doctor who will be able to put in place a sprained bone if vveh is put on your finger in a cast. In addition, doctors prescribe their patients with certain painkillers. Complications in the treatment and rehabilitation of this fracture almost never occurs.
Fracture of the middle finger is virtually no different from injuries of other fingers. The only thing that cannot wait, a trip to the doctor. If you go to the doctors a few months after the fracture, it is likely that the finger may lose their basic functional properties.
Treatment of injuries of the ring finger, in most cases they pass without any complications. But when the patient is in a cast, you must perform some physical exercises healthy fingers, so as not to lose the normal functionality of the healthy limb.
Usually, injury of the little finger arise as a result of a bad fall. The broken finger movement is significantly restricted, and when you try the extension, patients complain of sharp pain. This fracture, like any other does not need to be treated independently. Because such treatment may lead to undesirable consequences (e.g. limited functionality, pain, improper position of the finger).