Congenital heart disease can be complicated by heart failure, bacterial endocarditis, early prolonged pneumonia on a background of stagnation in a small circle of blood, severe pulmonary hypertension, transient loss of consciousness, angina and myocardial infarction (most characteristic of aortic stenosis, anomalous origin of the left coronary artery), attacks of shortness of breath.
Because the causes of congenital heart diseases is still poorly understood, it is difficult to determine the necessary preventive measures, which would ensure the prevention development of congenital heart defects. However, the parents care about their health can significantly reduce the risk of congenital diseases of the child.
Diagnosis of congenital heart disease
With early diagnosis and the possibility of radical treatment, the prognosis is relatively favorable. In the absence of such opportunities questionable or unfavorable.
Should be extremely attentive to their health and the health of their unborn child. Come deliberately to the question of procreation. If You know in your family or the family of the spouse have relatives with heart defects, i.e. the probability that a child can be born with a heart defect. In order not to miss such moments, pregnant must notify your doctor about this, go through all ultrasound during pregnancy.
Treatment of congenital heart disease can fundamentally be divided into surgical treatment (in most cases it is the only radical) and treatment (often secondary). Often the question about surgical treatment to be put before the birth of the child, when it comes to “blue vices.” Therefore, in such cases, delivery shall take place in hospitals with cardiac surgical hospitals. Therapeutic treatment is necessary if the operation can be transferred at a later date. If the question is about “pale defects, the treatment will depend on how you will behave defect as the child grows. Rather, the treatment is therapeutic.