Diabetes in children causes much more problems than in adult patients. The child with diabetes is much harder psychologically to adapt to their disease and to take its rightful place in the peer group. In addition, puberty complicates the course of diabetes.
Diabetes in children
Diabetes in children is second in prevalence among chronic diseases. Often it is only bronchial asthma. If your child has diabetes, which means that every member of the family, too, “diabetes”, because we all have to adapt. Wise parents while trying not to ignore the other children who do not have diabetes.
Treatment of diabetes in children has short-term and long-term goals. Close the goal is that the child is a diabetic normally grew and developed, well adapted in the team with healthy peers. The strategic goal of the diabetes in early childhood should be to prevent severe vascular complications. Or at least push them into adulthood for most late term.
How to find out what the child type diabetes
Find out what adult or child type diabetes, scientifically called “to carry out differential diagnostics between diabetes type 1 and 2, as well as other types of this disease.
Type 2 diabetes is usually diagnosed in children with overweight or obese at the age of 12 years and older. His signs is increasing gradually, and type 1 diabetes often causes acute symptoms. Diabetes type 1 in the blood can be detected with antibodies, suggesting that the immune system attacks the beta cells of the pancreas.
A list of these antibodies:
-antinea to cells of the islets of Langerhans;
-antinea to glutamatdekarboksilazy;
-antibodies to TRAINFORTRADE;
-antibodies to insulin.
When type 2 diabetes these antibodies in the blood are not present, but often high insulin levels fasting and after a meal, i.e. after a carbohydrate load. When type 2 diabetes in a child is usually observed insulin resistance, i.e., tissue sensitivity to insulin is reduced.
The majority of young patients with type 2 diabetes diagnosed in the results of blood tests and urine examination because of other health problems. Also the reason to pass the examination (medical examinations) may be burdened heredity, if you have close relatives with diabetes.
About 20% of adolescents with diabetes mellitus type 2 complaining of severe thirst, frequent urination, loss of body weight. It turns out that their complaints represent typical acute symptoms of type 1 diabetes.