Gastroenterology

Diarrhea


Diarrhea - causes, symptoms and treatment

Diarrhea is frequent loose bowel movement, which can be caused by various reasons. Diarrhea is not a disease but a symptom that can be caused by various reasons. Usually causes diarrhea quickly become clear. Diarrhea is often accompanied by abdominal cramps, vomiting, or high fever. In adults, diarrhoea is rarely dangerous. In children of different age and in the elderly diarrhea can cause dehydration, which can lead to serious consequences.

Causes of diarrhea

Causes of diarrheaCauses of chronic diarrhea can be:
– the use of unboiled contaminated water;
– food Allergy or an Allergy to the drug;
– food intolerance (e.g. lactose intolerance);
– viral, bacterial or parasitic infection of the intestine (stomach flu, food poisoning, amoebiasis);
– stress, emotional disorders.
– irritable bowel syndrome;
– Crohn’s disease (chronic inflammation of parts of the digestive tract);
– ulcerative colitis, chronic inflammation or ulceration on the shell of rectum and colon;
– malabsorption syndrome (malabsorption intestinal).

Symptoms diarrhea

Adults can to try to cope with the problem yourself, if there is too frequent bowel movements, without increasing the temperature of the body and in good General health. Be sure to consult your doctor if the diarrhea came after a trip to Africa, Asia and other distant regions, or if the cause of diarrhea is an exotic food, water from unknown sources, including reservoirs and wells. At high body temperature, nausea, vomiting, impurities of the blood in the bowel movement, and when severe constant abdominal pain (more than 2 hours), immediately seek medical help.

Treatment of diarrhea

Treatment of diarrheaDrink plenty of fluids, preferably warm or at room temperature (water, broth). Avoid alcohol, coffee, milk and fruit juices. If diarrhea in infants, continue to breastfeed him. When artificial feeding is replace cow’s milk with clean water. You need to drink in small portions, small SIPS.

Do not eat if you have no appetite, you feel indigestion or stomach cramps.
When will reappear appetite, it is recommended to eat bananas, rice, dried white bread, processed cereals (oatmeal, for example), potatoes, boiled or baked vegetables, lean meats in small quantities.

To the full normalization of bowel, avoid fresh fruits, green vegetables, alcohol, fatty, spicy and fried foods.

With prolonged diarrhea, especially if accompanied by weight loss, you must consult the doctor.

If necessary, you can use over-the-counter antidiarrheal drugs for the temporary relief of the condition. However, these tools are not recommended for a long time, because they can increase the duration of diarrhea or cause more serious violations. (Attention! Products containing salicylate, can temporarily stain the tongue or stool in dark color).

Contact your doctor if you think that diarrhea can be related to the drug you take. Diarrhea is a common side effect of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), antibiotics and antidepressants.

Consult a doctor if diarrhea lasts more than 2 days in children and more than 5 days in adults, and also for signs of dehydration, severe cramps or abdominal pain, dark, bloody or mucous feces. Infants and the elderly in all the above symptoms should be taken to hospital.

In most cases, the diarrhea goes away on its own within 2 days. If liquid diet does not help, your doctor may prescribe drugs that slow the activity of the intestine. However, these drugs are not recommended for children.

The physician must determine and resolve the cause of diarrhea. If necessary, refer you to hospital for tests and treatment.

Prevention of diarrhea

Prevention of diarrheaWash your hands after using the bathroom, changing, and before eating. Hands should be washed with warm water and soap. After cooking, especially if you were holding raw meat, be sure to wash your hands thoroughly.

Be careful with food. Non-pasteurized dairy products, eggs, poultry and meat can contain bacteria that cause diarrhea and other digestive tract problems. Meat must undergo a complete heat treatment. Wash your kitchen boards and knives. Do not eat unpasteurized dairy products, especially of unknown origin. Do not leave cooked foods warm for a long time, as this may cause the reproduction of harmful bacteria.

If you have diarrhea, you should not work as a cook, waiter, etc while diarrhea is not fully take place.

If you are traveling, do not drink unboiled water or any untreated water, especially of unknown origin. Drink better water known manufacturers, packaged in bottles or cans. To purify local water should be boiled for 15 minutes, you can also add tablets or drops of iodine and chlorine, or use a special filter. If you use chlorine tablets and iodine carefully read the instructions and follow it. Also in no case can not eat unwashed fruits and vegetables (it is advisable to wash them only in clean water and very carefully, and even better to peel). Avoid these fruits, such as melons, which are often pumped water from the inside to increase their weight.