Dry skin (parched, cracked, dry, chapped, moist, dry skin, wrinkled, wrinkled) is a special type of skin which is characterized by a lack of moisture, lack of natural oils grease). Signs of the disease are discomfort of dryness, pain, redness, scaling, itching. However, the symptoms are not as important as the impact that dry skin has on human health.
The skin protects the body from infections and damage increases the risk of penetration through the skin of dangerous bacteria. The itching can interfere with proper rest, both day and night. This reduces the capacity and the resistance (resistance) to stress.
Causes of dry skin
Protective surface layer is a complex system that adapts to the needs of the skin in water, maintains water balance. The humidity of the skin depends on internal factors (endogenous) and external (exogenous).
Internal causes of dry skin:
1. Failure of the lipid barrier of the skin.
Between cells in the stratum corneum are epidermal lipids. They are essential for healthy skin: her form a protective barrier and retain water. In the absence of these fats skin may become dry and rough, this disturbed her tightness.
2. The lack of natural moisturizing factor.
The components of the moisturizing factor include urea, lactic acid, salt and sugar. They help to retain moisture in the upper parts of the epidermis and the stratum corneum of the skin.
3. Abnormal functioning of the secretory (secretory) functions of the skin.
Disrupting a network of microscopic channels, which transport moisture in various layers of the epidermis.
External causes of dry skin:
1. Frequent washing.
2. Wearing rough clothes.
3. Improper care.
4. Side effects of drugs.
5. Of chronic disease.
6. Hypovitaminosis (A,C,E,PP,B)
Symptom is dry skin occurs most often in a particular group:
- Elderly people have an increased risk of development of diseases associated with dry skin, in connection with age-related changes in the body.
- Infants and children often have dry skin, as immature skin produces less fat and has a thinner stratum corneum.
- cancer Patients undergoing radiation therapy (treatment of tumors using radioactive radiation).
- People who are employed in certain professions that require strong ventilation and low humidity, low temperatures, prolonged contact with water, Soaps, detergents, solvents, due to frequent washing and hand RUB the disinfectant solution.
Diseases in which there may be symptom dry skin
Dry skin can be a symptom of a wide variety of diseases:
- Hypothyroidism – a lack of thyroid hormone. A frequent complaint of patients with this disease is dry skin, especially on the elbows.
- liver Disease mainly inflammatory in nature. One of the symptoms can be dryness and thinning of the skin.
- Sarcoidosis – a systemic disease affecting the lungs and other internal organs, is characterized by inflammatory reactions on the skin.
- Syndrome immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) is the violation of the human immune system, the result of the destruction of cells by the virus. This will disturb the protective layer of the skin and appear dry.
- Eczema inflammatory dermatosis that is characterized by a rash and pruritus.
- Ichthyosis – a hereditary skin disease in which to coarsen the upper layers of the skin.
- Psoriasis – chronic non-infectious disease that occurs on the type of dermatosis. The skin is covered with red spots, and they, in consequence, begin to peel off.
- Contact dermatitis – an inflammatory reaction of the skin resulting from contact with the allergen (detergents, disinfectant solution).
Dry skin as a side effect of certain medications:
– Lowering cholesterol.
– Retinoids (for acne treatment), they can also cause skin dryness.
– Diuretics (diuretics)
When should you consult a doctor
Medical help is needed in cases when the skin is painful, crusty, develop pustules (small blisters with pus). Infection dry skin is a rare complication and requires immediate treatment to a doctor (dermatologist, covererage, beautician).
The disease usually is diagnosed on the basis of signs and symptoms identified during the examination by a dermatologist. It is very important to distinguish the symptom of dry skin from the symptom of a more serious illness. Surveys include skin Allergy tests, taking a sample of tissue for analysis, standard blood and urine tests, specialized tests to determine thyroid function.
Severe cases of skin diseases associated with dryness, require regular doctor visits and strict monitoring of treatment, this is the only way to avoid other complications of the disease.
Treatment dry skin
Moisturizing makeup for dry skin contains, most often, the following combination of ingredients: petrolatum and paraffin wax (bees wax), oils (lanolin, silicone, vegetable oils and animal fats), exfoliating components (alpha-hydroxy acid, lactic acid, salicylic acid, and urea). The effectiveness and texture of moisturizer depends on its composition and is based on the ratio of water and fat. The cream creates an oil barrier that seals and protects from loss of natural moisture, prevents evaporation of body. Can be used for cosmetic purposes ointments, creams, lotions.
- Ointment usually have a heavy, oily texture and can leave oily traces on the skin. Their preferable to use in winter or for those areas of the body where the skin is the most dry (elbows, heels, knees).
- Creams contain the same amount of oil and water. They usually are distributed evenly and do not leave marks. Can be used for General moisturizing body and face at any time of the year.
- Lotions have a high water content. Their structure is very light, so short term moisturizing effect.
Herbal medicine for external use for dry skin
- jojoba Oil: absorbs quickly into the skin due to small molecules, very similar in chemical structure to the natural fat of the skin. Has the ability to renew the lipid barrier of the skin, gives the effect of the coating. It is especially useful in case of irritation, cracking of skin, sunburns.
- borage Oil: rich in essential fatty acids (omega, linolenic). They are similar to skin fat, well soothe irritation, improve skin protective properties.
- St. John’s wort Oil: obtained by macerating fresh florets in vegetable oil (olive oil or sunflower) under the influence of sunlight. Are flavonoids, which have antioxidant and soothing properties.
- Althaea officinalis: the root is used in herbal medicine. Moisturizes, it is added to the cream for dry and flaky skin.
- Aloe Vera: use the gel from the leaves, which is gelatinase substance. Forms a protective film when applied to skin tissue. The product is rich in polysaccharides, which are involved in the process of regeneration, restoring the integrity and functionality of the skin.
- Linseed oil: rich in nutrients, contains omega-6 fatty acid, has moisturizing properties, it smoothes and nourishes the skin.
- Coconut oil: nourishes and hydrate the skin.
Vegetable mask for dry skin
When choosing a mask you need to ensure that it contained substances that penetrate deep into the skin as dry skin is not enough surface moisture (creams, ointments, oils). Examples of self-made masks designed for dry skin:
Face Mask with strawberries and raspberries. Chop three large strawberries and a few raspberries, add 1 teaspoon of fresh cream, apply to face and neck and wash off after 15 minutes.
Face Mask with avocado. Half fruit crush with a fork, mix with egg yolk and a few drops of lemon juice. Apply to face and neck and keep for 20 minutes. Rinse with warm water. Avocado due to its high content of essential fatty acids has a protective effect on the skin.
Grape mask. Ten grapes mash with a fork. Juicy of to cover the face and neck. After 15 minutes, remove the mask and wipe the skin tonic.
Pear mask. Grind the pulp of one pear, add a spoon of honey and 1 tablespoon milk. For very dry skin, add to the mixture 2 tablespoons of olive oil and egg yolk. After 20 minutes, rinse with warm water.
Face Mask with kiwi. 1 tablespoon of kiwi juice and mix with 1 tablespoon of fresh curd. Apply to face and rinse with warm water after 20 minutes.
Face Mask with tangerines or oranges. Mix with 1 tablespoon tangerine juice 1 raw egg yolk. Apply to face and neck for 20 minutes. Rinse with warm water.
Potato mask. Boiled potatoes mash with a fork and mix with a spoon of olive oil. Apply to skin and wash off after 20 minutes with warm water.
Mask of lettuce. Finely chop the lettuce and mix with wheat germ oil, add 0.5 teaspoon of baby powder. Apply to face for 20 minutes, then rinse with warm water.
Carrot face mask. Fresh squeezed carrot juice, add one egg yolk and a few drops of olive oil. Apply to face and wash off after 20 min.
Mask oatmeal. Take 1 tablespoon of ground oatmeal, chamomile and sage, add 1 teaspoon of honey and few drops of olive oil, mix the resulting mass with boiling water to a thick paste. Apply to face and neck for 20 minutes. After removing the mask, the skin rinse with cold water.
Cheese mask. 2 teaspoons of cream cheese mixed with 3 tablespoons of cream, add 1 teaspoon of lemon juice. Apply to face for 10 minutes. Rinse with warm water.
Vitamins dry skin.
For the regeneration and hydration of the skin is mandatory, daily energy intake (from food or as supplements) in the body of the following substances:
– vitamin a,
– the b vitamins, C, E and D,
– minerals (zinc, iron, copper and selenium)
– essential amino acids.
Prevention of disease dry skin
The in Order to avoid the unpleasant symptoms of dry skin, you must start with good care for her. Here are some simple rules:
– you need to regularly apply moisturizer
– the cream is best applied to damp skin,
– it is important the quality of the cosmetics, preferably fragrance free and alcohol,
– the cream should be thick and a little fatty (the consistency of sour cream),
– are less time under the shower or in the bathroom
– not wash with hot water and warm,
– moisturize the air in the room (with the help of a humidifier or placing a container of water near the heater or air conditioner),
– use a mild liquid soap (PH neutral),
– towel without rubbing the skin.
– Eat properly. Food should be rich in vitamins, proteins and fats.
– Drink adequate amounts of water (up to 6 cups per day), especially in the hot period of the year and during exercise.