Dysbacteriosis (dysbiosis) is a condition in which the balance of microorganisms in the digestive system: predominant pathogenic species with a shortage of bifidobacteria and lactobacilli. Causes of dysbiosis can be: poor diet, antibiotics, and diseases of various organs and systems of the body, stress.
Dysbiosis can result in allergic reactions, slow weight gain, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, abdominal pain, nausea, regurgitation. To effectively deal with the dysbacteriosis can, identifying the true cause of the disturbances in the intestinal flora, and the method of its correction based on the child’s condition and the overall clinical picture.
Whether dysbiosis separate disease?
Despite the fact that in the international classification of diseases, adopted by the who, there is no separate disease “dysbiosis”, changed the balance of bacteria – it is a real phenomenon. Almost always dysbacteriosis (or dysbiosis) is a consequence of other diseases with characteristic symptoms (abdominal pain, any violation of the chair, food allergies, skin rashes and so on) If you do not resolve the root cause of goiter, treatment will not be effective.
Dysbiosis is often perceived as an independent disease requiring special treatment – but, as a rule, it only relieves the symptoms. On the other hand, many parents do not pay attention to the diagnosis of “dysbiosis”, considering it a fiction of domestic medicine. This approach is also not true: you need a comprehensive treatment aimed at eliminating the cause of dysbiosis, and simultaneously restoring the balance of microflora in the intestines of the child.
As revealed dysbacteriosis?
If you suspect a dysbacteriosis and detection of characteristic symptoms (changes in stool, abdominal pain, dermatitis and so on) doctor recommends to make feces bacteriological analysis. Study of microflora using this analysis determines the current ratio of bacteria, may result in the increase of pathogenic flora: strepto – and staphylococci, fungi, Candida, Klebsiella, etc. The analysis is not always able to show an objective picture of the state of the intestine: the microflora of individual variable and depends on various factors. In addition, the analysis usually ignores the microflora of the small intestine, changes which affect the condition of the digestive tract. The doctor may prescribe additional tests (General and clinical blood analysis, urinalysis, tests for worm eggs, consultation of the gastroenterologist, the gastrostomy).
What children get a dysbacteriosis?
In children under one year old symptoms of dysbiosis are often associated with artificial feeding, too early or incorrectly lure, infectious diseases, medication (especially antibiotics), as well as the ailments on the background of teething and allergic reactions to food.
How to avoid dysbacteriosis, if the child is bottle-fed?
If you cannot breast-feeding it is better to choose the adapted mixture with protective factors. It can be as dairy blends and mixtures containing live bacteria or prebiotics (substances that contribute to the reproduction of beneficial intestinal flora). When choosing a mixture, you must consult with your doctor.
When the intestines of the child colonized by flora, and how does it work?
In the intestine of the newborn child of bacteria is almost there. The colonization of the intestine by various microbes begins with lactobacilli from kin ways mother and bifidobacteria. Then appear opportunistic microbes from the environment and food, it is therefore important for the stomach and intestines of the child first got the colostrum. Starting from the second month of a child’s life can hand over the analysis on a dysbacteriosis, to determine the ratio of bacteria. However, the process of the establishment of the intestinal microflora can last up to six months, and during this time, the analysis may be misleading.
What to do if there is a dysbacteriosis?
First of all, you need to find out the real cause of the disturbance of the intestinal microflora and fix it. Correction of disturbances of the bowel may be only part of the complex treatment of the underlying disease. For normalization of the intestinal microflora doctors use drugs, containing beneficial bacteria, as well as tools that serve as a nutrient medium for their growth and reproduction (pre – and probiotics, synbiotics). In the treatment of dysbacteriosis is highly undesirable use of antibiotics.