Dysbiosis there is a change in the qualitative and quantitative composition of microflora – population of beneficial bifidobacteria and lactobacilli significantly reduced, and the number of pathogenic microorganisms growing.
Normally in the gastro-intestinal tract is home to a lot of bacteria that perform a variety of useful functions: split fiber, synthesize vitamins, inhibit the growth of pathogenic microorganisms, etc. dysbacteriosis there is a change in the qualitative and quantitative composition of microflora – population of beneficial bifidobacteria and lactobacilli significantly reduced, and the number of pathogenic microorganisms growing.
Causes of intestinal dysbiosis
– long uncontrolled use of antibiotics;
– acute intestinal infection;
– unbalanced diet;
– chronic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
– alcohol abuse;
– severe immunodeficiency (leukemia, AIDS, the treatment of malignant tumors to radiation and chemotherapy).
Symptoms of intestinal dysbiosis
Symptoms and signs usually associated with the disease or condition that caused goiter, and are non-specific:
– discomfort in the abdomen;
– increased gas (flatulence);
– changes defecation (diarrhea, constipation or irregular defecation);
– pain in the abdomen.
Treatment of dysbiosis
Diagnosis and treatment of a dysbacteriosis as a rule, deals with the therapist. For the diagnosis requires the presence of certain clinical picture and the results of the following tests: coprogram (common analysis of a feces) and microbiological stool cultures. But for the appointment of competent treatment is necessary not only to establish the presence of goiter, but also to identify its cause. In each case may require a different set of additional research.
Drugs used in the dysbacteriosis, divided into probiotics and prebiotics.
Probiotics contain live microorganisms, lactic acid bacteria, most of bifidobacteria or lactobacilli, which are normal inhabitants of the intestine of a healthy person. Prebiotics are substances that create an environment for the growth of beneficial bacteria. In most cases, for the treatment of dysbiosis is enough to re-colonize the gut of healthy microflora. And she wins pathogens. Sometimes to combat pathogenic flora is necessary to use antibiotics. The treatment is carried out at least 4-6 weeks followed by monitoring the effectiveness of therapy.
Prevention of dysbacteriosis of intestine
Equally important for the prevention of dysbacteriosis has a rational mode of nutrition and balanced food composition. When prescribing antibiotics in parallel, it is recommended to use products that support the growth and development of normal microflora. Expectant mothers should be aware that feeding of breast milk protects babies from dysbacteriosis from birth.