Each of us knows that alcohol affects the liver, stomach and brain, however, that under attack are the lungs, think few consume alcoholic beverages. However, studies have shown that alcoholism can cause the development of various pulmonary diseases, including such terrible as pneumonia and pulmonary tuberculosis.
Alcohol and lung disease
The negative impact of alcohol on the lungs due to their excretory function. It is through light output of about 5% breakdown products of alcohol, including the highly toxic acetaldehyde, which causes damage to the lung tissue. Abuse of alcohol leads to a significant reduction in the body of antioxidants and the accumulation of free radicals, which creates favorable conditions for the development of pathogenic microbes.
In addition to the toxic effect of alcohol causes dehydration of the body and the mucous membranes in particular. It violates the protective function of the mucous and “opens the gates” for pathogenic organisms, causing serious diseases. In addition, in chronic alcoholism there is a significant decrease in immunity, which leads to the fact that the slightest cold becomes protracted and often develops into a more serious illness.
In conditions of low immunity activation the tubercle Bacillus. According to specialists the majority of cases of tuberculosis of the lungs develops on the background of chronic alcoholism. The body is poisoned with alcohol, just is unable to resist infection.
Symptoms of lung disease:
Very alarming symptom is the appearance of blood in the sputum, it means damage to the lung tissue, which may be due to tuberculosis or cancer. In this case, it is necessary to address urgently to the doctor for diagnosis and prescribing the right treatment.
There are some signs of lung diseases, the appearance of which should be alerted:
- Cough, both dry and humid
- Lethargy, feeling of weakness
- Significant reduction in body mass
- Sweating, especially at night
- Low-grade fever (37.20C) for long time
Prevention of lung disease – a sober lifestyle
Numerous studies show that alcohol addiction significantly increases the risk and reduces the effectiveness of treatment of pulmonary diseases. That is why the treatment is recommended to refrain from drinking alcoholic beverages. However, a person is sometimes extremely difficult to refrain from intoxicating drinks. In this case, the treatment of lung diseases should be combined with treatment of alcoholism — only in this case will be observed a positive dynamics.