By 4-6 months the baby grows the need for additional energy, vitamins and minerals. Because breast milk or artificial substitute does not fully meet the requirements of the baby at this age to increase the caloric intake necessary to introduce any other food. Entrees feeding a child are vegetable purees and cereal. In addition, they teach the baby to perceive the more dense the food, develop the chewing. These meals of complementary foods are intended to replace breastfeeding. Therefore, they shall apply to the replacement lure.
When to first start feeding cereal
Why baby’s weaning is taken as the interval from 4 to 6 months? This is because before this age the child’s body is not physiologically prepared to embrace new dense food. But half a year later to start undesirable, perhaps the child will have problems with adaptation to food of a more solid consistency than milk. Therefore, according to most experts in the field of baby food, first foods should be introduced between 4 to 6 months of life. However, be aware that the timing of introduction of complementary foods individual. When artificial feeding is started lure you in 4 – 5 months, breast – with 5 – 6 months.
Mashed potatoes in the diet of an infant
Choice, first, depends on the condition of the child at the time of the introduction of new food. If the child is underweight or unstable chair, it is better to start with cereals. Conversely, if excess weight and a tendency to constipation to introduce complementary foods is recommended with vegetable puree. If your toddler has no such trouble and completely healthy, the advice of pediatricians and nutritionists are currently limited to start weaning with vegetable puree.
Why? Many mothers may argue that to introduce the first vegetable puree is quite difficult. The child is not easy to go from the sweet taste of breast milk or a substitute for a very savory vegetable. And here it is necessary to have patience. To propose a new dish not once, but 10-12 times at least, and only after the baby stubbornly refuses him, to move on to other vegetables. After the child has not taken a particular vegetable, parents usually are switching to cereals, making a big mistake! The likelihood is high that your baby does not want to eat vegetables, after the introduction of sweet porridge. Another mistake doing mom when additionally do is more sweet porridge industrial production.
Note that the child gets used to the new tastes, and how properly to teach him to eat in the family, depend on its future eating habits. As a consequence of the habit of sweet foods can lead to obesity and its attendant diseases. Thus, we introduce vegetables. Better to start with foods such as zucchini, all kinds of cabbage, potatoes, they are less likely to cause allergies. Later you can try carrots, beets and tomatoes. Modern industry offers children a wide range of different types of puree. The degree of grinding, they are divided into pre-blended that offer children from 4.5 months, puree for children 6-9 months and krupnoizmelchennom (9-12 months). Vegetable baby canned food is cooked with a little salt, and some manufacturers leave the natural taste of vegetables without adding salt at all.
Remember that when buying ready meals, it should additionally add some salt and add the vegetable oil. Foreign producers, aiming to improve the taste of its products, used in the manufacture of vegetable puree legumes (beans, peas, etc.), tomatoes and tomato paste, onion, garlic, spices (especially pepper). They recommend in this case to inject them with 5-6 months. It does not meet the requirements of domestic pediatricians and nutritionists.
These mashed potatoes should not be given as foods to kids aged 4-6 months, because the tomatoes are among the vegetables, especially often cause allergies in children, can be introduced into the diet don’t the early months. Tomato paste, containing salt is better to enter with 6-7 months. Legumes, in which a high level of plant fibers and the specific types of sugars that can cause irritation of the intestinal mucosa and increased gas not earlier than 7-8 months. Onion and garlic that contains essential oils, irritating the mucous membrane of the stomach, intestines, kidney – only 8-9 months, same spices – from 9 months and older.
You can cook vegetable lure yourself using both fresh and frozen vegetables. For this purpose it is necessary to boil them, then make a puree (in a blender or using a conventional pusher). Add a little oil or melted butter (in a volume no more than 3-4 grams). Oil is another new product of complementary foods to which children are exposed since the introduction of the vegetable puree or porridge. It is a source of nutrients, energy, and fat-soluble vitamins (A, D, E). Vegetable oil is allowed to enter from 4.5 months, creamy 5-6 months.
Porridge – a staple food for baby
Two weeks after accustoming the baby to a vegetable puree you can start introducing cereal grains. The most convenient dry instant porridge. For their preparation you only need to mix the dry powder with warm boiled water and mix. The advantage of these products (like canned baby food is a guaranteed chemical composition, safety, and the saturation of the main vitamins, calcium, iron and minerals. You can use dry milk porridges requiring cooking, flour for baby food, as well as the usual cereals, pre-chopped in a coffee grinder.
It is important to emphasize that as the first cereal grains to use gluten-free grains like rice, buckwheat and also corn flour; other cereals – rye, wheat, barley, oats contained gluten. This is the main protein cereal, in babies it can cause such unpleasant phenomena, such as pain and bloating. Principles of introduction cereals are the same as for other types of complementary foods is to start with one type of cereal, gradually, a week after the introduction of the first cereals to try out a different look, later you can switch to porridge from a mixture of cereals.
How to add a new product in the diet of the baby
We need to Start with the least allergenic product. The interval between the introduction of various meals of complementary foods should be at least 5-7 days. Until the baby starts to try something new, daily should carefully inspect the skin for any rashes, as well as to monitor the chair. When you see lesions or changes in the nature of the stool (often liquid) you want to cancel a dish of complementary foods and consult a doctor.
A new product cannot be entered if the child is unhealthy or at the time of immunisation, it is undesirable to start in hot weather.
It is recommended to give the “novelty” before breast feeding – hungry then the child is likely to react positively to food. In addition, a new dish to offer better in the first half of the day to track the state of the baby throughout the day.
Complementary foods given to the baby only with a spoon and not through the nipple.
Do not strive for excessive diversity in the diet of a young child is enough for 2-3 types of vegetables, introduced progressively (one per week). You must adhere to certain schemes of introducing new foods into your baby’s diet.
Example of introduction of cereals and vegetable puree:
1st day-1 teaspoon (5 grams)
2nd day-2 teaspoon (10 grams)
3rd day – 3 tablespoon (15 grams)
4th day – 4 tablespoon (20 grams)
Day 5 – 50 ml (50 grams)
6th day-100 ml (100 grams)
Day 7 – 150 ml (150 grams).
Example of introduction of plant and melted butter:
Day 1-1 drop
Day 2 – 2 drops
Day 3 – 5 drops
Day 4 – ¼ tsp
Day 5 – ½ teaspoon (3 grams)
6th day onwards – 1 spoon (5-6 grams).