Gastroenterology

Gastritis


Gastritis - causes, symptoms and treatment

Gastritis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach. there are acute and chronic gastritis. Acute gastritis develops as a result of poisoning by acids or alkalis, radiation injury, when taken in high doses of some drugs, such as aspirin. Thus there is a sharp burning pain in the upper abdomen, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, and weakness. Acute gastritis requires urgent treatment by a doctor and, in severe cases, hospitalization. After treatment of acute gastritis can become chronic, however, often chronic gastritis is a disease.

Causes of gastritis

A clear understanding of the causes of chronic gastritis was formed relatively recently, after the discovery of the bacterium Helicobacter pylori. It became apparent that these bacteria colonizing the mucosa of the stomach, are the most frequent causative agent of gastritis gastritis with high acidity of gastric juice.

Causes of chronic gastritis are:
Causes of gastritis

  • repeated and prolonged violations of the food;
  • the use of sharp and rough food;
  • a passion for hot food;
  • bad chewing, food cold food;
  • the consumption of alcoholic beverages;
  • long uncontrolled use of drugs with an irritant effect on the gastric mucosa (salicylates, phenylbutazone, prednisolone, some antibiotics, sulfonamides, etc.);
  • occupational hazards (lead compounds, coal, metal dust, etc.);
  • endogenous intoxication in renal disease, gout (in which the mucous membrane of the stomach are allocated urea, uric acid, indole, skatole);
  • genetic predisposition

Symptoms of gastritis

  • aching or sharp burning pain in the upper abdomen, which is exacerbated or disappears in the process of eating;
  • nausea;
  • vomiting;
  • lack of appetite;
  • belching;
  • latulence;
  • a feeling of fullness in the upper abdomen after eating;
  • weight loss

Chronic gastritis develops gradually and occurs with frequent relapses.

Treatment of gastritis

Without timely and comprehensive treatment of gastritis can lead to ulcers and stomach bleeding. Some forms of chronic gastritis increases the risk of stomach cancer.

Only a doctor can diagnose gastritis and appoint competent therapy, depending on the shape and severity.

Treatment of gastritisThe role of the patient in the treatment of chronic gastritis is incredibly large. Because the treatment of this disease requires a long period of dieting and rigorous taking the prescribed medicines.

Diet for gastritis

Diet for gastritis varies depending on the acidity of the stomach.

If this is the most common variant with high acidity you need regular fractional (4-5 times/day) meals at certain hours with the exception of products that stimulate acid secretion. Such products include, for example, rich meat, fish and mushroom broth. They should be replaced with vegetable or dairy soups, which neutralize the excess acid. Alcohol, strong coffee and tea also stimulates production of acid and digestive enzymes. But the sweet fruit juices, soda bicarbonate mineral water, cocoa and various jellies very good “lower” symptoms of the disease. In addition, you have to abandon the products of irritating the gastric mucosa from all spicy, smoked, marinated and grilled.

In chronic gastritis with low acidity from the diet should also exclude acute, smoked and spicy food, which, as we already know, not only uselimit acidity, but also irritates the stomach lining. But meat and fish broth, which stimulate acid-formation, it is necessary to enter in the daily diet. Exclude you need those products and dishes that long to digest in the stomach. These include any product pastry, pancakes, fried pies, rice and rye bread.

During exacerbation of the disease, the doctor may make changes in the diet.

Symptoms of chronic gastritisThe symptoms of chronic gastritis are not sufficiently specific. Therefore, diagnosis and treatment of this disease should be done by a qualified doctor of the gastroenterologist. To clarify the diagnosis and determination of the form of chronic gastritis additional testing:

  • ultrasonography;
  • esophagogastroduodenoscopy – visual examination of the upper gastrointestinal tract using the gastroscope – fiber tube, transferring the image on the monitor;
  • biopsy of the gastric mucosa;
  • study of gastric secretion release chronic gastritis with increased and decreased secretion of gastric juice.

In addition, you may be given a blood test to detect anemia, a blood test for the presence of antibodies to Helicobacter pilori, fecal occult blood test, x-rays of the abdomen and other research.

Treatment of chronic gastritis consists of four main components:

  • diet;
  • prescription of drugs that normalize the acidity of gastric juice;
  • appointment of the preparations reducing the gastric mucosa.