Perhaps there is no such person at least one time in my life not had a headache is one of the most common causes of temporary loss of working capacity. The causes of headaches are many. It is a symptom of more than 40 diseases. And in most cases the first thing to do is to drink some pills for a headache.
Causes of Headaches
Conditions that cause headaches, a great many, but most often they occur for the following reasons:
- Disruption of blood vessels, high blood and low blood pressure;
- Osteochondrosis, myositis, spondylosis and other diseases of the cervical spine;
- Predisposition to migraine headaches;
- Physical and mental strain, sedentary work, lack of exercise;
- Stale air in the room stuffy;
- Stress, frustration, giperatidnosti, serious moral shock;
- Inflammatory and infectious diseases.
Pain can be stabbing and dull, uniform and pulsating, spread throughout the head or concentrated at the nape, crown, temples. Headache may disturb for a while, and may appear in severe debilitating attacks.
In any case, you need a thorough examination to identify the cause of the painful condition.
However, most people do not rush to take expensive tests and undergo expensive examinations, preferring to take a pill or two of a familiar medicine for headaches.
However, the thoughtless, the medication can not only not help, but harm, so it is important to know the composition of Advil, properties of the active ingredients of the drug and allowed to a certain age and state of health dosage.
The following is a list of the most famous medicines for headaches with a brief description and contraindications.
Pills for Treat Severe Headache
Analgin (Metamizole sodium) still remains the most popular painkiller. Blocks passing through the nerve endings of pain impulses, and increases the heat transfer.
Analgin is used to relieve pain in various inflammatory diseases (neuralgia, arthralgia), headache and toothache, burns, elevated temperature. The drug is well absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract and begins to act in 20 minutes after ingestion.
Contraindications to the use of dipyrone are kidney and liver failure, low blood pressure, anemia and other blood disorders, hypersensitivity, glomerulonephritis, heart attacks, alcohol abuse, children up to age seven years. In some European countries it is withdrawn from production, because there is a version that analgin causes the development of such a dangerous blood disorders like agranulocytosis.
Aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid) is the most famous drug for the treatment of headache. For many years was used as an analgesic, anti-inflammatory and antipyretic. Is characterized by the ability to thin the blood, making possible its reception by the people with increased blood clotting, and is also a useful tool when intracranial pressure
Aspirin is contraindicated in diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, bleeding disorders, pregnancy and lactation, children under 12 years, as well as the admission of alcohol.
Paracetamol – a drug that is considered more secure compared with analginum and aspirin. Effective for relieving pain and fevers, but its anti-inflammatory effect is poorly pronounced. Along with ibuprofen are allowed to accept children at an early age, however, it does have a number of contraindications: peptic ulcer, renal and hepatic failure, asthma, pregnancy. It is believed that paracetamol at high doses can cause poisoning.
Ibuprofen – a drug included in the list of essential medicines, approved by the world health organization. Effective antipyretic and analgesic drug, also well tolerated, which makes it possible to use even in infants. Indicated for use in almost all varieties of pain syndromes. While taking the drug of children should be considered a form of release and strictly calculate the dosage.
Contraindicated in peptic ulcer disease, blood diseases, kidney and liver, as well as during pregnancy, although lactation is not a contraindication.
All the above substances included in the following tablets for a headache:
- Citramon (includes a aspirin);
- Tempalgin (contains analgin);
- Solpadein (contains paracetamol);
- Nurofen (contains ibuprofen);
- Ibiclin (contains ibuprofen and paracetamol);
- Pentalgin (contains analgin).
In addition to the active substances in the composition of tablets include excipients such as caffeine, codeine, tempicon, phenobarbital, as well as flavors and sweeteners. The content of active substances in tablets can be different, so the instructions for use of any medication should be carefully assessed.
No matter how effective the medication was, to get involved in taking it for headaches is not worth it. Otherwise there is a risk to experience a different kind of sickness – headache caused by excessive medication. This pain occurs when the patient takes the drug in uncontrolled doses, increasing them more and more. The reduction effect of the funds forced him to unnecessarily increase the dosage or constantly alternate medication with similar action. This condition causes not only headaches, but also may cause the body severe harm, therefore, uncontrolled intake of analgesics is not recommended.