Diabetes type 1 is also called diabetes of the young, as it often develops in young and even children, however, it is possible for other age groups. Its development may be preceded by various diseases, stresses, but at the same time, diabetes may develop on the background of complete well-being. What are the main signs of diabetes type 1?
This weakness, fatigue, constant thirst and dry mouth (people drink more than 3 liters per day, but want to drink more and more), frequent urination, may night, the progressive loss of weight compared to the normal or even increased appetite and, of course, increased blood sugar. These symptoms appear when killed about 80% of the beta cells. Before that diabetes can does not manifest itself, i.e., the person will feel absolutely fine, despite the fact that the disease is already underway, but hidden from prying eyes.
If people will not be seeking appeared to him the above symptoms of diabetes, and the process of destruction of beta cells, and, consequently, insulin deficiency progresses, there is still more pronounced metabolic disorders. It is characterized by such features as the smell of acetone from the mouth, nausea or vomiting, lethargy, drowsiness, presence of ketone bodies (acetone) in the urine. Signs of ketoacidosis, which is often the first obvious manifestation of the disease – type 1 diabetes. Sooner or later people with diabetes mellitus type 1 is necessarily a doctor, because the General condition deteriorates greatly, ability to perform usual work, move, and loss of consciousness in the development ketoacidotic coma.
Diabetes type 2 diabetes is called diabetes of the elderly, because it often develops after age 40. It is characterized by a gradual, imperceptible start, without marked symptoms as in case of 1 type. Often it is not pronounced dry mouth or thirst, may be periodically frequent urination, itching, susceptibility to various infectious processes, poor wound healing, which many patients (due to the presence of frequent in old age diseases) do not pay attention. But weight loss, nausea, vomiting, smell of acetone (signs of ketoacidosis), as a rule, no, because the relative deficiency of insulin.
Now let’s try to understand why there are some symptoms for diabetes taking into account what we already know.
Weight loss due to lipolysis and dehydration (due to frequent urination). Weakness, fatigue due to energy deficit (hunger) cells. Dry mouth and thirst are secondary manifestations of dehydration on the background of fast urination. Frequent urination (polyuria) due to the fact that when the blood sugar is above a certain level (renal threshold) sugar begins to be filtered by the kidneys into the urine and pulls the water. Develops dehydration, and in the brain (enough to lose 5% liquid) enters the center of thirst, which forms a sensation of dryness in the mouth and the desire to drink. Thus, people with hyperglycemia often runs to the toilet, not because a lot of drinking, but on the contrary, he drinks heavily, because often it is wetted.
Reduced vision in diabetes may be related to fluctuations in water balance in the body (because the eyes are the aquatic environment) and with the poor performance of the eye muscles on the background of energy deficit. When type 2 diabetes, even for the first time identified, reduced vision may be associated with the already-established complication on the background of long-term current, but not identified in a timely manner of diabetes.