Blood pressure

Hypertension – high blood pressure


Hypertension - high blood pressure

High pressure is a very common disease, especially among women after forty years. As the disease high pressure manifests itself slowly. It all starts with the fact that the person feels weakness, dizziness, then there’s poor sleep, fatigue, numbness of fingers, the blood rushes to your head, it starts to seem that before the eyes flashed a little “fly”.

This stage can last for several years. Then in humans appear to kidney and heart failure, brain circulation. If at this initial stage not to take any major interventions and not to treat high blood pressure, it can lead to serious consequences, these include even a heart attack. Given these consequences, the body can completely stop working, that is to function. In the last stages of hypertension, people may even die.

Nowadays high blood pressure is common in many people. This phenomenon must very seriously, because it increases the risk of myocardial infarction, stroke, threatening disorders of consciousness, renal or heart failure. Additionally, the increased pressure causes a change in sanochkah vessels and the retina, which in turn can lead to blurred vision and blindness.

In our society today to have elevated blood pressure as an indicator of health are very lightly, although daily on TV and in the press suggests that this is an important risk factor for vascular and heart disease. Research data show that 40% of people in the world, blood pressure increased, and the number is constantly increasing. Men by the way a few more susceptible to this ailment.

Causes of high blood pressure

Causes of high blood pressureThe reason for the pressure is the stress and constant experiences. Hypertension may develop in people who are genetically disposed to this disease. In the development of hypertension is not the last role is played by the environment.

The more people will experience stressful situations, the more likely it is that he may receive the hypertension. If time to pay attention to hypertension and begin to treat her, you can avoid serious consequences, but, as a rule, people do not notice symptoms of hypertension and not treat it in early stages. Even a healthy person may develop high blood pressure in some situations. But it does not reach crisis point and is not dangerous to humans.

There are two types of hypertension. This hypertension and symptomatic arterial hypertension. Hypertension is a chronic disease of the cardiovascular system. At the moment, and has been unable to find out the reasons for the development of this disease.

High blood pressure can also be caused by a high content menu of saturated fatty acids. For the most part they are found in palm and coconut oils and animal fat (cream, butter, etc.). Forget it not worth it and hidden fats, which are rich in cheese, sausage, biscuits, snacks, chocolates, cakes. These products are very high in calories, although at first glance may not seem greasy.

Another risk factor is the excessive salt content in food. In many products, along with hidden fats and there are hidden salt, therefore it is recommended to make an informed choice of edible products. In favour of fresh products and not misuse partially cooked and Packed products. Conscious rejection of the overly salty foods would be of great benefit to human health.

The use of salt to excess leads to the deterioration of blood vessels (they become brittle and lose their elasticity), the formation of structural changes in the arteries has a strong stress on physiological systems. Programs to reduce consumption of salt by some countries at the state level, has shown very good results.

The pressure increases and excessive alcohol consumption. It is a mistake to think that alcohol contributes to lower pressure. In very moderate doses, it does not affect the pressure, but large quantities of alcohol provokes increased heart rate, which depends on blood pressure. In addition, alcoholic beverages can contain biologically active substances that can affect blood pressure.

Sedentary lifestyle, stress, stress can also cause high blood pressure. In conditions of intensive work environment, dictated by the realities of our time, one must do a huge amount of work daily to overcome various difficulties. Many people engaged in intellectual work which could lead to emotional stress. The pressure increase may represent a physiological response to any stressful or tense situation.

To overcome daily stress without harm, everyone should choose an individual way of relaxation, which would help to restore emotional balance. Another adverse factor is Smoking. With regular Smoking blood vessels are in good shape, gradually lose their elasticity, are narrowing, calicivirus, sanochkah residue and blood pressure rises.

High blood pressure can also be caused by excess weight, diseases, physiology and other reasons.

Risk factors
To the most important factors for developing high blood pressure include Smoking, alcohol consumption, overweight, heredity, and old age, the production of human exposure, including noise and vibration on the production. Hypertension may develop in a person who suffered kidney disease, emotional stress, traumatic brain injury, long-term mental illness. It is also bad for the body and causes the development of hypertension abuse of salt.

Arterial hypertension – is characterized by high blood pressure. When this occurs in an individual dizziness, headaches, reduced visual acuity. It is also possible that the failure of the heart, pain in the heart. When increased pressure is felt fever, redness of the face or other parts of the skin and the body’s extremities become lower temperature, coldness.

Symptoms and signs of increased pressure
Arterial hypertension People in most cases may not feel increased pressure (in this regard, it is often called the “silent killer”). This is one of the main dangers of this phenomenon. This can seriously undermine the health of the patient and even threaten his life – in the event of a stroke or heart attack. Most often, a high pressure is felt as anxiety, nausea, heart failures, pain in the heart, dizziness, headache. The systematic appearance of these symptoms should consult a doctor.

The most important role in the control pressure play regular preventive check

High blood pressure if it is above 160. Moreover, high pressure may cause headache, dizziness, blackouts. You may experience pain in the heart, as well as the interruptions in his work. The pressure increase may also be accompanied by fever, facial flushing and excessive sweating. At the same time, the hands, on the contrary, become colder.

In case of neglect increased pressure symptoms are already poor circulation, swelling, shortness of breath when active work, and later even at rest.