The immunisation schedule exists in every country. It covers not only children but also adults. For example, many people forget that adults are supposed to be vaccinated against diphtheria and tetanus every 10 years.
The calendar of vaccinations in each country has its own characteristics. This is mainly due to the epidemiological situation in the region.
Currently in the vaccination calendar of Europe and the United States it is planned to introduce vaccination against papillomavirus infection in the first year of life, as well as mandatory vaccination against Haemophilus influenzae.
Calendar of preventive vaccinations
- 12 hours – the first vaccination against hepatitis b
- 3-7-day – vaccination against tuberculosis
- 1st month – the second vaccination against hepatitis b
- 3 months – the first vaccination against diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, polio, vaccination against Haemophilus influenzae (according to indications)
- 4.5 months – the second vaccination against diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, poliomyelitis, second vaccination against Haemophilus influenzae (according to indications)
- 6 months – the third vaccination against diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, polio, third vaccination against Haemophilus influenzae (if indicated), third vaccination against hepatitis b
- 12 months – measles, mumps, rubella, fourth vaccination against hepatitis b (if indicated)
- 18 months – the first revaccination against diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, polio, the vaccine against Haemophilus influenzae (according to indications)
- 20 months – the second revaccination against polio
- 6 years – revaccination against measles, mumps, rubella
- 7 years – the second revaccination against diphtheria, tetanus, first revaccination against tuberculosis (according to indications)
- 14 – third revaccination against diphtheria and tetanus, a booster against tuberculosis (indication), third revaccination against polio
Children from 1 year to 18 years, adults from 18 to 55 years, not grafted previously vaccinated against hepatitis b
Girls from 18 to 25 years old, not vaccinated against rubella before vaccination against rubella.
Adults from 18 years – revaccination diphtheria and tetanus every 10 years from the date of revaccination
Children aged 15 to 17 years and adults aged up to 35 years of age are not vaccinated and without a history of measles – measles
Children from 6 months, pupils 1 – 11 classes; students of higher professional and secondary vocational schools; adults who work in some professions and positions (employees of medical and educational institutions, transportation, utilities, etc.); adults over 60 years old – vaccination against influenza.
Notes on vaccination
1. Immunization in the national immunization schedule is medical immunobiological preparations, registered in accordance with the legislation of the USA, according to the instructions for use.
2. If you violate the terms of her immunization is carried out according to prescribed prophylactic immunisation schemes and in accordance with instructions on the use of drugs. Allowed the introduction of vaccines (except vaccines to prevent tuberculosis (TB) used in the national immunisation schedule in one day different syringes in different areas of the body.
3. Immunization of children born to HIV-infected mothers is part of the national calendar of preventive vaccination in accordance with the instructions for use of vaccines and toxoids. The immunization of such children are taken into account: the HIV status of the child, type of vaccine, the immune status, the child’s age, concomitant diseases.
4. For immunization against hepatitis b children of the first year of life, against influenza children 6 months of age and pupils are used vaccines without the mercury-containing preservatives.
Especially vaccination, the Datai born to HIV-infected mothers
1. Immunization of children born to HIV-infected mothers and receiving a three-phase chemoprophylaxis of HIV transmission from mother to child (during pregnancy, childbirth and the period novorojdennih), conducted in a maternity hospital vaccines for the prevention of tuberculosis (for sparing primary immunization). In children with HIV infection, and by detection in children of HIV nucleic acid by molecular methods, vaccination against tuberculosis is not carried out.
2. Children born to HIV-infected mothers, immunization against polio is an inactivated vaccine, regardless of their HIV status.
3. Immunization live vaccines in the national immunisation schedule (except vaccines to prevent tuberculosis (TB) is performed for HIV-infected children with 1st and 2nd immune categories (no or moderate immune deficiency syndrome).
4. When you exclude a diagnosis of “HIV-infected children born to HIV-infected mothers, immunizations live vaccines without prior immunological examination.
5. Toxoids, killed and recombinant vaccines under the national immunisation schedule is administered to all children born to HIV-infected mothers. HIV-infected children, these drugs are administered in the absence of pronounced and severe immunodeficiency.