Infectious diseases

Lyme disease


Lyme disease - causes, symptoms and treatment

Lyme Disease – is the transfer of bacteria to humans through the bite of infected Ixodes ticks. The greatest number of people suffering from Borreliosis is celebrated in summer in the hot season, which usually contributes the greatest activity pest mites.

Causes of Lyme disease

often, the carriers of this disease are our Pets or farm animals. A real reservoir of immature individuals of Ixodes dammini ticks are mice and rats.

the infection is transmissible by the tick bite (inoculation), but does not exclude the possibility of infection and in contact with the feces of the mite on the skin, followed by rubbing with the comb (contamination). If you break the tick, if improperly removed, the pathogen can get into the wound. Discusses alimentary route of infection through drinking raw goat’s or cow’s milk.

Symptoms Lyme disease

Symptoms Lyme diseaseIn the early stages of the disease, can be observed weakness, fatigue, fever, headaches, migrating muscle pain, characteristic rash, fatigue and dizziness. More severe manifestations of Lyme disease are damage to the nervous system, the musculoskeletal system and even your heart!

Diagnosis of Lyme disease

Lyme Disease is diagnosed based on epidemiological history (visiting the woods, tick bites) taking into account the time of year (summer, early fall), as well as the clinical picture: the emergence of migratory annular erythema. In a subsequent to skin lesions joined by neurological, joint and cardinal symptoms. Be aware that some patients do not notice or forget that you removed the tick from the skin. In these cases, the diagnostic value is the presence of clinical disease and laboratory data.

Lyme disease Treatment

When the 1st stage – antibacterially therapy 2-3 weeks.: doxycycline 100 mg 2 times a day; amoxicillin 500 mg 3 times a day orally; Ceftriaxone 2 g/m 1 time per day. On the background of antibiotic therapy may develop fever and intoxication due to the mass destruction of Borrelia. In such cases, antibiotics are a temporary repeal, then resume taking them at a lower dose.

In the 2nd stage of the disease antibiotic therapy is carried out for 3 weeks. If there are changes in the cerebrospinal fluid administered Ceftriaxone 2 g 1 per day, Cefotaxime 2 g every 8 hours or benzylpenicillin (sodium salt) to 24 million IU per day.

When the 3rd stage of Lyme disease doxycycline, amoxicillin administered for 4 weeks. If no effect is prescribed Ceftriaxone, Cefotaxime or benzopinacolone in the same dosages as when the 2nd stage of the disease.