Dermatology - diseases of the skin

Molluscum contagiosum


Molluscum contagiosum

Molluscum contagiosum is a skin infectious disease that primarily affects the skin and sometimes mucous membranes. Suffer from both adults and children.

Causes molluscum contagiosum

The cause is a virus that belongs to the family of poxviruses. There are four types of the pathogen. The first type affects, as a rule, the skin of children. The second type of HIV infection. To isolate in cell culture for a given period of time it failed. Transfer the virus by contact with skin contact with skin and contaminated items (shared bathroom, washcloths). Cases of infection in pools. Very often transmitted through sexual contact.

Symptoms of molluscum contagiosum

Incubation period (from infection to onset of symptoms) ranges from 14 -15 days to several months. The main symptoms of the disease is the appearance of nodules on different parts of the body with a characteristic upcompany depression in the center. When you remove the mollusk inside it there is a white pasty mass.

The size of the rash variout of a pinhead and more. They are dense, painless, the same color as the skin. Another thing in HIV – infected when suffering a normal immune response. The elements are characterized by multiple small or giant formations. Very often affects the face, where it formed scars.

During pregnancy the same symptoms. Intrauterine infection is impossible, but possible with breast-feeding by the contact method, if sick mother.

Diagnosis of molluscum contagiosum

Differential diagnosis is carried out with skin neoplasms (cancer, cyst), other viral diseases, such as flat warts, genital warts. Therefore, with symptoms visit a dermatologist or surgeon.

An experienced specialist will make a diagnosis upon examination. As an additional histology techniques is used when the remote element looks under the microscope. Be sure to do the tests for all STDs and HIV, especially if there is a sexually transmitted infection. The examination subject and all the people who were in close contact with a sick person.

Treatment of contagiosa molluscum

Treatment of contagiosa molluscumAccording to some authors it is believed that under normal immunity molluscum contagiosum go away on their own after 2 to 3 months and up to six months. This is read as “the call” that don’t need to be treated… I beg to differ. First, it is unknown how many it is possible to infect people during this period?! Secondly, infectious disease, old rashes may pass away, but will be new.

The main treatment is removal of shellfish using surgical tweezers (most often), laser, electrocautery (spark current in massive formations) with subsequent treatment with 5% iodine. Be sure to fully retract this mass where the virus.

The procedure is not painful as a mosquito bite. Very seriously need to go to treatment if localized rash on the face, to avoid the appearance of scars.

After the procedure, it is impossible to use the bath, it is necessary to change clothes, to provide heat treatment of personal care products (sponges, shaving accessories) – all to boil.

Mandatory daily inspection yourself, as possible new relapses of the disease.

Self medication

One of the popular folk treatments is garlic juice and celandine, but experience shows that all this is more durable and simple layman still need to make the right diagnosis. Appropriate probably use it all additionally, after the removal and prevention of recurrence of a new process.

Complications of molluscum contagiosum

Complications, admittedly, are rare. May be nageena skin and the appearance of giant elements that lead to scarring. Most often it occurs in HIV – infected. Therefore, it is better not to run the disease and to seek medical attention.

Prevention

Primary prevention – observance of personal hygiene and frequent examination of their skin for timely treatment.