Newborn

Newborn in the hospital


The first days of a newborn at home - how to care for the child

Immediately after the transition from intrauterine life to self, the baby falls into the capable hands of midwives. At birth the nose and mouth of a child filled with amniotic fluid (amniotic fluid), which should be pumped out for normal access of air. The midwife does this by means of a rubber pear, and after a few seconds the baby starts breathing independently. Sometimes it can start to breathe before, in very rare cases – even immediately after the birth of the head when the body is still hidden in generic ways.

What happens to a child in the hospital after birth

Immediately after birth the child cut the umbilical cord. This action was widely accepted in Soviet hospitals and given to us by inheritance. The fact that the instantaneous cutting of the umbilical cord while it is still pulsing, can cause damage to the circulatory system of the baby. If possible, ask the midwife first, put you on your stomach, allow to soak for two minutes, and then, after the termination of its pulsations, to cross the umbilical cord. So the remaining blood from the placenta will move back to the kid, that would be a good prevention of postpartum anemia.

Usually immediately after birth and crossing the umbilical cord of a baby take on a special table, where he is examined by a pediatrician who treats umbilical wound, buries in eye drops to prevent inflammation of the eyelids, weigh and measure the length. If possible, ask the doctor to postpone these procedures and put baby you on my stomach.

The fact that in the first minutes of life of a baby between him and his mother established a close psychological contact, and put the attachment on the whole future life. In science this is called “imprinting”, and he is not only in humans but in most animals.

Happy mother with newborn babyPut your child comfortable about yourself, look him in the eye, catch his eye. Best of all, he will see your face at a distance of 20-30 cm Although he is still so little, but his brain in the first minutes of life is configured to memorize the image presented to the eye. Well, if this is the way mom and not a nurse or doctor in a mask with a stethoscope.

For moms it is also very useful: it calms down after a hard work, feels joy and bliss. In these second forms the basis for maternal affection and the establishment of a good lactation. Mothers who were close to their babies at birth are much less likely to occur postpartum depression.

It will be especially good if the midwife will allow your husband to take a newborn into their own hands. This will serve to establish the strong psychological connection between him and the child, and can miraculously turn very cold and indifferent father in a loving and caring as a nurse, dad.

Scale Apgar scores

Immediately after birth, your baby receives a score on the Apgar scale. It is called by the name developed her Dr. Virginia Apgar in 1952. The highest score get loud screaming kids with pink skin and strong movements of arms and legs.

Scale Apgar scoresThe points are placed on the first and fifth minute depending on five indicators: heart rate, breathing, colour, muscle activity and reaction to stimuli. For each of the indicators is set to 0, 1 or 2 points. The maximum number of points is 10, but gets very few newborns. Usually a healthy baby is gaining 8-9.

This scale is required for doctors to identify children who are suffering from hypoxia and need closer medical supervision. It’s not rating your baby on the principle of “bad – good”.

After 5 minutes of evaluation is repeated, and if it has increased, there is no reason to worry. But if you increase the points does not occur, the child doesn’t cry, sluggish and shows other signs of oxygen starvation, doctors may be anxiety. Such a child can pick up in a children’s ward for intensive treatment.

Weight of the newborn

Weight full-term newborn baby can vary from 2.6 to 4 kg or more, on average, about 3.4 kg of body Length from 46 to 55 cm, on average, 51 see respiratory rate and heart rate in newborns is two times higher than in adults.

In the next few days of life the baby weight is reduced and at discharge happens in a couple of hundred grams less. This is because the loss of fluid in the first days upon receipt. Lost it from evaporation, urine and meconium (original faeces), and comes only with milk that the baby is not able to eat much.

Early initiation of breast

Sucking reflex appears in newborns in the first 30 minutes after birth. However, not all of them can take the breast, the most happy just to lick the nipple. Because of this, in the old maternity children were put to the breast immediately, but after a few hours or days after birth.

And yet, despite the fact that the child is not ready to properly suck, an early start gives him a very big favor. He calms down and feels secure with my mom, feels the satisfaction of their needs, and it provides a healthy psyche for life.

The benefit of this mutual and for moms: nipple stimulation promotes the release of the hormone oxytocin, which increases contractions of the uterus and reduces postpartum bleeding. Also improves the production of the hormone prolactin, which helps as quickly as possible be included maternal instinct.

The practice of not feeding babies after birth (even up to three days), used in the past, turned out to be harmful and ineffective, and feeding on the clock. Now most hospitals have abandoned it and used an early start to the chest in the room. To find out, do this rule in your hospital, talk in advance with your doctor.

Such simple rules as establishing contact with the child immediately after birth and early attachment at the breast, to help you lay the Foundation for the healthy psyche for life.

The time spent together with the child in hospital

The time spent together with the child in hospitalModern pediatricians recommend healthy mothers and children to stay together during their stay in hospital. Children and their mothers, inseparable staying in the same room, you receive many benefits:

Babies cry less and they are easier to set the cycle of the sleep-Wake;
They rarely happens neonatal jaundice. This is because they get more milk.
Children do not finish feeding from a bottle, which contributes to breastfeed.
My mom fewer issues with feeding, there is a possibility from the first days of feeding on demand. When it comes faster milk and the baby eats.
Mom usually gets more rest, if the child beside her. She has no anxiety from separation from the baby, she does not think about what do with him there, in the nursery.
Mom learns better understand your child and his needs from the first days of life.
The mother leaves the hospital more confident, as has already learned to deal with a child.
She rarely occurs postpartum depression.
In the early days of newborn most of the time sleeping. It is a myth that the mother will not be able to relax in the joint possession of the child. Establishing a good lactation and breastfeeding without supplementary feeding mixtures will save mom from problems with this later on.