Pericarditis is a disease rarely occurs by itself, often it is a particular manifestation of heart disease or other diseases: rheumatism, tuberculosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, scleroderma, and other
Pericarditis – inflammation okoloserdecna bags and outer lining of the heart.
Pericarditis may occur in acute or chronic form, it may be dry or be accompanied by an accumulation of fluid in the pericardium.
Causes of pericarditis
The main reasons for the development of inflammation in the pericardium:
- Influenza and some other viral infection.
- Bacterial infections: pneumonia, meningitis, purulent diseases.
- Tuberculosis of the lungs.
- Rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus.
- Some allergic conditions, such as allergies to medications.
- Metabolic disorders with kidney disease, gout, diseases of the thyroid gland.
- Heart attack. Pericarditis may occur immediately after a heart attack or later, when the patient is discharged from hospital.
- Surgery on the heart.
- In rare cases, pericarditis may be caused by worms-parasites.
Symptoms of pericarditis
The main symptom is pain in the heart area. She is not increased during exercise, it cannot be removed using nitroglycerin tablets. With frequent deep breathing, the pain becomes stronger. If in heart bag collects the liquid, the increased pain is also observed when bending forward. In the sitting position, the patient feels better.
Gradually, the pain may diminish and go into the feeling of heaviness in the heart.
The increased body temperature suggests pericarditis caused by infection.
Some patients have shortness of breath, dry cough, which sometimes ends in vomiting.
Self treatment of pericarditis
When experiencing pain in the heart region urgently need to see a doctor or call the team “Ambulance”. The specialist will conduct the inspection and examination, will prescribe the correct treatment.
Treatment of pericarditis in clinic
For further diagnosis, the doctor prescribes the examination, which includes electrocardiography, chest x ray, echocardiography (ultrasound of the heart), complete blood count. These studies help to assess heart size and its reduction, to identify the inflammatory process. If there is a suspicion that pericarditis is a complication of another disease, will be assigned additional relevant studies and analyses.
The doctor may prescribe a puncture of the pericardium. While introducing the needle into the pericardium, get inflammatory fluid and send it to the lab.
The min directions of treatment of pericarditis infectious origin, antibiotics, antiviral drugs.
When tuberculous pericarditis origin the patient is undergoing treatment in a specialized hospital.
In autoimmune and other diseases is assigned therapy.
To normalize the condition of the patient, the doctor prescribes anti-inflammatory pain medications.
If pericarditis chronic stage, it is necessary to eliminate all factors that can provoke flare-up.
Prevention of pericarditis
With proper and timely treatment of all symptoms disappear after a few days, comes complete recovery. The prognosis is less favourable when pericarditis caused by purulent infection or malignant tumors.
Preventive measures consist in timely treatment of diseases, which may be complicated by pericarditis.