Prostatitis inflammation of the prostate gland. According to medical reports, prostatitis affects about 50% of men older than 50 years. While doctors claim that the real incidence is significantly higher.
Causes of prostatitis
In most cases, the cause of prostatitis serve urogenital infections. Most often it is a clamidiosis, gardnerellosis, trichomoniasis, gonorrhea and other infections of the urinary tract. Pathogenic microorganisms can enter from the urethra, bladder or bowel into the prostate gland. Method of penetration can be blood or lymph.
As for non-bacterial forms of prostatitis, in this case bacteria cannot be allocated, although this does not exclude their presence.
Provoking factors of prostatitis can be chronic stress, hypothermia, of stagnation processes in the pelvic organs, reduced immune defense, irregular sexual life, frequent change of sexual partners, unprotected sexual contact.
Symptoms of prostatitis
The first symptoms of prostatitis are disorders of urination. The patient may feel a burning sensation and cramps during urination, feeling of incomplete emptying, painful urination.
Over time, develop disorders of sexual function insufficient erection, pain along the urethra, painful sexual intercourse, premature ejaculation and others.
Acute prostatitis is often accompanied by increased body temperature (up to 39-40 degrees). In this case, the patient noted difficulty urinating, pain in the lower abdomen. This condition of the patient requires hospitalization.
Chronic prostatitis symptoms not expressed, often the disease occurs in a latent form.
Diagnosis of prostatitis
Diagnosis of prostatitis begins with reviewing of the patient’s complaints and examination. Urological examination for prostatitis includes:
- blood and urine tests;
- the study of prostate secretion;
- digital rectal examination;
- tests for infections, sexually transmitted infections;
- ultrasound of the kidneys and bladder, transrectal ultrasound;
- a blood test for DOG;
- prostate biopsy (if necessary).
Classification of prostatitis
Prostatitis can be acute and chronic. Symptoms acute prostatitis is characterized by vivid intensity, while chronic prostatitis may occur in a hidden form. Also, depending on the reasons distinguish bacterial and non-bacterial prostatitis. In the vast majority of cases (especially in men under 40) note bacterial prostatitis.
Treatment of prostatitis
Treatment of prostatitis should be comprehensive and include a diverse range of therapeutic interventions. The mainstay of treatment is antibiotic therapy, which could eliminate the pathogens in the urogenital tract. Parallel appointed immunomodulatory, anti-inflammatory and pain killers (if necessary) drugs, vitamins and dietary supplements.
In the treatment of prostatitis can be used finger prostate massage. In some cases, it is contraindicated. Also actively apply physiotherapy treatments aimed at improving blood circulation in the pelvic organs, and General strengthening of the body.
Complications of prostatitis
In the absence of timely and adequate treatment prostatitis can be complicated by the following conditions:
- development of chronic prostatitis;
- obstruction of the bladder;
- development of infertility;
- recurrent cystitis;
- a narrowing of the urethra;
- abscess of the prostate;
Some of these conditions require urgent surgical intervention!
Prevention of prostatitis is reduced to the avoidance of the precipitating factors of the disease. A healthy lifestyle, protected sexual intercourse, the presence of a single partner will reduce the likelihood of infection of the genitourinary system. General strengthening of the body and increase immune protection and are also a preventative measure against prostate.