At least 25% of people with diabetes are unaware of their disease. They quietly do things, do not pay attention to the symptoms, and at this time, the diabetes slowly destroys their body. The disease is called the silent killer. The initial period of ignoring diabetes may result in a heart attack, kidney failure, vision decreases or is having problems with his legs. Rarely it happens that a diabetic falls into a coma due to high sugar in the blood, passes through the intensive care unit, and then starts treatment.
If symptoms of diabetes are observed in a child or young person up to 25 years without excessive weight, it is likely that type 1 diabetes. For its treatment will have to inject insulin. If diabetes have fat suspect yourself or a man aged over 40 and overweight, then it is probably type 2 diabetes. But this is only indicative information. To determine exactly what type of diabetes, the endocrinologist.
Signs of Diabetes Type 1
Usually, symptoms of type 1 diabetes is increasing in humans rapidly within a few days, and very strong. Often the patient suddenly falls into a diabetic coma (lose consciousness), it is urgently transported to the hospital and diagnosed with diabetes.
Symptoms of Diabetes Type 1:
- excessive thirst: a person drinking up to 3-5 liters of fluid per day;
- smell of acetone in breath;
- in a patient increased appetite, he eats a lot, but it still drastically losing weight;
- frequent and copious urination (called polyuria), especially at night; poorly healing wounds;
- skin is itchy, often fungi or boils.
Type 1 diabetes often begins 2-4 weeks after viral infection (influenza, rubella, measles, etc.) or severe stress.
Signs of Diabetes Type 2
This type of diabetes develops gradually over several years, usually in older people. A person is constantly tired, he has bad wounds heal, reduced vision and memory. But he did not realize that it’s actually symptoms of diabetes. Most often type 2 diabetes is diagnosed accidentally.
Symptoms of Diabetes Type 2:
- total complaints: blurred vision, memory problems;
- skin: itching, frequent fungi, wounds, and any injuries heal poorly;
- thirst — up to 3-5 liters of fluid per day;
- people often gets up to write at night;
- sores on legs and feet, numbness or tingling in the legs, pain when walking;
- women have a yeast infection, which is difficult to treat;
- in the later stages of the disease — losing weight without dieting;
- diabetes occurs without symptoms in 50% of patients;
- loss of vision, kidney disease, sudden heart attack, stroke, is the first manifestation of type 2 diabetes in 20-30% of patients (consult a doctor).
If you have excess weight and fatigue, poorly healing wounds, eye drops, memory worsens, do not be lazy to check the level of blood sugar. If it is an increased — need to be treated. Will do — going to die early and before it has time to namuchalsya with severe complications of diabetes (blindness, kidney failure, ulcers and gangrene in the legs, stroke, heart attack).
Symptoms of Diabetes in Children
The younger the child, who begins diabetes, the greater will its symptoms be crystallised from those observed in adults. In medical practice, pediatric diabetes is very rare. Symptoms of diabetes in children doctors usually mistaken for symptoms of other diseases.
How to distinguish type 1 diabetes from type 2 diabetes?
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes — acute illness begins suddenly. When type 2 diabetes health condition is deteriorating gradually. Before a “Disease of the young” was considered only type 1 diabetes, but now this border is blurred. When type 1 diabetes is obesity, as a rule, absent. To distinguish type 1 diabetes from type 2 diabetes will need to pass a urine test for sugar and blood glucose and C-peptide.
Explanation of the symptoms of diabetes
Now we explain why in diabetes, the patients have certain symptoms. If you understand causality, you will be able to more successfully treat and control your diabetes.
Thirst and increased urine output (polyuria)
In diabetes, for one reason or another, increases blood levels of sugar (glucose). The body tries to get rid of it is to bring in the urine. But if the concentration of glucose in the urine is too high, the kidneys would not miss it. Therefore, urine should be a lot.
To “produce” a lot of urine, the body needs a fair amount of water. So there is a strong symptom of thirst in diabetes. The patient frequent urination. He gets up several times a night is a characteristic early symptom of diabetes.
The Smell of Acetone when breathing
In diabetes glucose in the blood, but cells cannot absorb because of not enough insulin or it is not effective. Therefore, the cells of the body (except the brain) are moving to food fat reserves. When the body breaks down fats, then there are the so called ketone bodies (b-hydroxybutyric acid, acetoacetic acid, acetone).
When the concentration of ketone bodies in the blood becomes high — they begin to stand out while breathing in the air there is the smell of acetone.
Ketoacidosis — coma in type 1 diabetes
There was a smell of acetone in the breath means the body is switched to the diet fat and the blood circulating ketone bodies. If type 1 diabetes is not time to take steps to inject insulin), the concentration of these ketone bodies becomes too high.
In this case, the body has no time to neutralize them, and changes the acidity of your blood. The pH of blood must be within a very narrow range (of 7.35 a 7.45…).
If it is a little beyond these boundaries — it’s lethargy, drowsiness, decreased appetite, nausea (sometimes vomiting), not a sharp abdominal pain. This is called diabetic ketoacidosis. If ketoacidosis person in a coma is a dangerous complication of diabetes is fraught with disability or death (7-15% of deaths). At the same time, we urge you not to be afraid of the smell of acetone breath, if you are an adult and you don’t have type 1 diabetes.
In the treatment of type 2 diabetes with a low-carbohydrate diet the patient may develop ketosis — increased levels of ketone bodies in the blood and tissues. This is a normal physiological condition, which has no toxic effect. The pH of the blood does not fall below of 7.30. Therefore, despite the smell of acetone mouth, the person feels fine. At this time, he gets rid of the excess fat and drops weight.
Increased appetite in diabetes
In diabetes the human body lacks insulin or it works not effectively. Although blood glucose is more than enough, the cells can’t digest it due to problems with insulin and “fast”. They send hunger signals to the brain, and in humans, increased appetite.
The patient eats well, but carbs that come from food, the body’s tissues to absorb not. Increased appetite continues until, until you resolve the problem with insulin or while the cells will not go to food fats. In the latter case, if type 1 diabetes can develop ketoacidosis.
Itchy Skin, frequent yeast infections, thrush
In diabetes, the glucose content increased in all body fluids. Too much sugar is excreted in the sweat. Fungi and bacteria love moist and warm environment with high concentration of sugar which they feed. Make the glucose level in blood was close to normal and the situation with the skin and the yeast infection will improve. Why diabetes poorly healing wounds
When the concentration of glucose in blood is has a toxic effect on the walls of blood vessels and all the cells that are washed by the blood flow. To ensure healing, in the body there are many complex processes. Including, share healthy skin cells.
Because the tissues are subjected to the toxic effects of the “extra” glucose, all these processes slow down. Also created favorable conditions for the prosperity of the infections. We add that women with diabetes skin prematurely aging.
In conclusion, I would like to recommend you to quickly check the blood sugar level and refer to endocrinologist if watching yourself or your loved ones symptoms of diabetes. To cure it fully now it is impossible, but take your diabetes under control and live a normal life — is quite real. And it can be easier than you think.