The baby’s skin is very delicate and thin. It is five times thinner than an adult. And its surface in relation to the weight and growth of 2.5-3 times more than adults. The skin of babies abundantly supplied with blood and lymph vessels. Her Horny layer is thin and usually consists of two or three layers of cells, which are quite easy to clean and updated often. It is formed only three years.
The skin of the baby has not yet developed its own natural protection against bacteria and various physical factors, and therefore sensitive to all external stimuli.
Thermoregulatory function of the skin of the infant is reduced, because the sweat glands in the baby develop from two to three months. So try not to perematyvat child – he quickly sweats. Because of this, in skin folds can cause sweat and diaper rash. However, do not fall in the other extreme, a child may be supercooled.
Why is peeling or redness on the skin of the newborn infant
It happens that the child is born with dry, flaky skin. Should not be alarmed. Dry skin is not a sign of eczema or some other disease. Usually after a few days it goes away.
Great value for a newborn has a normal sebaceous glands that produce sebum. Itself sebum does not cause trouble to the baby and parents. But, connecting with household dust, urine or other contaminants, it closes gland and prevents the skin fully “breathe”. So if the baby is a long time in a wet diaper, it can lead to diaper dermatitis (diaper rash, prickly heat and even eczema. Therefore, meticulous care for baby’s skin is so important for his health.
Basic rules for the prevention of diaper rash:
-avoid irritation of the skin, changing diapers and diaper as pollution;
-if possible, use disposable diapers;
-if you use disposable diapers, make sure that the top layer was dry. In any case, do not use them a second time;
-keep the room humidity level;
-try not to use harsh detergents and Soaps;
-prevent scuffs. To do this, choose clothing made from natural fabrics (such as cotton), seams should be as small as possible (remove output);
-avoid prolonged sun exposure;
-it is useful to leave your baby for a while naked to the skin “breath”;
-use a special baby powder and creams.
Places most at risk
Often the rash appear in the inguinal folds, armpits, behind the knees, neck and buttocks. That is, where there are natural skin folds or in places of contact with clothes.
How to deal with diaper rash on a baby’s skin
Mothers need to remember one rule. All that seems bold, loose, shiny or slippery, need to be processed using a special drying preparations of child hygiene. If the mother raises the hand of the baby and sees there wet diaper rash, it should be dried, for example, talc or powder. And if in some places the skin is dry, scaly, means, it is necessary to humidify. Apply for this baby creams and oils.
It is important to pay attention to the rash, or skin of the child could be badly hit, up to the formation of eczema.
If you want to apply the cream, first try it on a small area of skin. And just making sure that the cream does not cause allergies, use it. For skin treatment and prevention of diaper rash was used boiled vegetable oil. But it is not always possible to control the degree of its purification and quality, as a consequence in children, allergic reactions are possible. Therefore, it is best to use baby care products skin. They are tailored to the characteristics of the skin of the newborn.