Stretch marks is the scars on the skin, composed of connective tissue. They have the form of strips and are formed on the skin of the hips, abdomen and chest. Most often stretch marks occur in pregnancy, but can also be found in people suffering from endocrine diseases, and athletes. Stretch marks are facing not only women, as is commonly believed, but also men.
Causes of stretch marks
Stretch marks occur on the skin in response to her sudden tension. During pregnancy the woman’s belly begins to grow, grow Breasts and rounded hips. The skin does not have time to adapt to new conditions, and collagen and elastic fibers, not withstanding tension, torn.
Gets skin defects, from which the body tries to quickly get rid of. The location of these defects is formed connective tissue that are stretch marks.
Pregnant stretch marks on the belly usually appear in the third trimester, when the fetus is growing the most rapidly. Besides progesterone, released during pregnancy, reduces the synthesis of collagen that makes the skin more vulnerable. In the lactation period, when it becomes so much more than I was before, on the chest can also develop stretch marks.
If stretch marks appear during pregnancy or breastfeeding, the reason may be the rapid weight gain, sudden weight loss or hormonal imbalance, for example, the syndrome Itsenko-Kushinga, during puberty.
Hormonal imbalance causes a decrease in the synthesis of fibers by fibroblasts, which deteriorates the regenerative capacity of the skin. On an altered hormonal background stretch marks can occur even without a strong stretching of the skin.
Athletes stretch marks are often formed on the inner surface of the shoulder due to a sharp increase muscle mass.
There is a genetic predisposition to stretch marks formation. Low content of collagen fibers in the skin is inherited.
The appearance of stretch marks
Stretch marks are thin convoluted strips. On the abdomen and chest, they are arranged radially, on the thighs, the inner side of the arm is vertical.
The color of the stretch marks depends on their prescription. Recent striae have color from pink to purplish-bluish. This color occurs because young connective tissue rich in blood vessels. Over time, the vessels become smaller, and stretch marks fade until they become white. Connective tissue is no melanin, so the background of tanned skin stretch marks more visible.
Generally, stretch marks are level with the surrounding skin. There are times when they have drawn or even convex relief.
Stretch marks are not a disease. They do not hurt, do not cause any complications and dangerous to health. This is merely a cosmetic defect. Nevertheless, many stretch marks create psychological discomfort, so better to get rid of them. If the appearance of the skin with stretch marks is not of great importance, they can not be deleted, they will not bring any harm to them enough to live on all your life.
Methods of treatment of stretch marks
The sooner you start treatment, the effect will be better. Easier just to get rid of young stretch marks, when they have a pink color. Hoary whitish striae harder to treat.
During the treatment of stretch marks it is important to follow the diet. Meals should be varied, with an increased amount of protein and vitamins. A lot of protein in meat and legumes, and eating olive oil and nuts provides the body with carotenoids and vitamin E.
During pregnancy and breastfeeding can take ascorbic acid 500 mg 1 time per day. So the effect of treatment will be stronger.
There are many creams and gels for stretch marks from different manufacturers. The most popular are creams companies StriaSan, Sanosan, Biolane, etc. Key their components are such components:
• amino acids;
• vitamins a And E;
• active moisturizers.
They can be used even before the appearance of stretch marks as prophylaxis and for the treatment of stretch marks. These products are not toxic, they can be used in pregnancy and during breastfeeding. Note: during pregnancy any physical action on the skin can cause the appearance of stretch marks, so if stretch marks appear when holding your finger on the skin, with creams better to wait until the birth.
A small amount of cream applied to the skin in problem areas with light massaging movements once a day.
Often a part of such creams include vegetable oil. Self-massage into the skin with olive oil, avocado oil, jojoba, cocoa. They moisturize the skin and nourish it, contributing to the disappearance of stretch marks.
Shilajit is a great tool for getting rid of stretch marks. It also produces creams for stretch marks treatment. In a domestic environment, too, can make this cream. For this it is necessary to dissolve a few grams of Shilajit in a teaspoon of lukewarm water and add in any cream. Apply it on the problematic body parts once a day. Left overs stored in the refrigerator.
Marks is the scars on the skin, so the ointment of scars, for example, Kontraktubeks, is quite effective in treating stretch marks. Kontraktubeks can be used by pregnant and nursing women, because this tool is not absorbed into the bloodstream and has no systemic action.
Treatment for stretch marks
In cosmetic clinics offer the following procedures for the treatment of stretch marks:
• chemical peels;
• laser resurfacing;
• ozone therapy;
• plastic surgery.
These procedures are effective, but are carried out under General anesthesia, therefore, during pregnancy and breastfeeding they are contraindicated. After weaning the child from the breast, if other means do not help, you can conduct these procedures. Makes them only a professional in a specialized clinic.
LPG-massage, which is offered by many salons, it helps to deal with stretch marks, it can not be performed in pregnancy, but can be used for the treatment of stretch marks during the lactation period. The essence of the method lies in the fact that with the help of a special apparatus, consisting of rollers moving in different directions at different speeds, is effective skin massage. This massage stimulates circulation and cell renewal. The process is absolutely painless.
At home, you can independently carry out simple treatments for stretch marks that are harmless and do not have side effects.
Seaweed wrap is an inexpensive and harmless treatment method of stretch marks. Ideal when carrying a child and breastfeeding. Dry the kelp that can be purchased at any pharmacy, dissolved in warm water and the resulting slurry is applied on the problematic body parts and wrapped in plastic wrap. The session lasts 40-45 minutes.
These wraps can be done with clay, cocoa butter, Dead sea mud. Wraps with kelp are considered the most effective because they contain alginic acid, which makes the skin supple and elastic.
Chronic stretching well be treated with clay wraps and honey. To do this in a mixture of green, blue and grey clay add liquid honey and stir until smooth. The resulting mass must be applied to stretch marks to strengthen the skin with an elastic bandage. All that is left overnight. Apply only in the absence of Allergy to honey!
Body scrubs exfoliate the upper layers of the skin, increase blood circulation and stimulate skin renewal, thereby helping in the fight against stretch marks. Scrub you can buy at the drugstore, but you can cook by yourself. For peeling at home you can use scrubs with cornball, ground coffee, honey.
For a very simple scrub will only have sugar, salt and vegetable oil. A Cup of sugar mixed with a Cup of salt and half Cup of olive oil or sunflower oil. To massage problem areas such a scrub and rinse with warm water. The procedure should be carried out once every seven days.
Stretch marks cannot be fought through one of the methods. For optimal results, you need a comprehensive approach based on the combination of several ways of dealing with stretch marks. The only way this problem can be eliminated.
Preventing stretch marks in pregnancy
To engage in the prevention is always much easier than treatment. To start prevention before pregnancy and continue throughout pregnancy and after birth.
First of all, you need to take care of the food. It should be balanced, rich in vitamins, proteins, vegetable fats and micronutrients. During pregnancy it is important not to overeat. Extra pounds will be even more to stretch the skin, thereby increasing the likelihood of stretch marks.
Douche increases vascular tone of the skin, thereby increasing their metabolism and regeneration ability. Better to start gradually, avoiding sudden drops of temperature to avoid hypothermia.
Regular massage problem areas stimulate lymphatic drainage, increase circulation and improve skin elasticity. Massage you can do yourself, but you can refer to specialists.
The use of vegetable oils rich in vitamins A, E (olive, sunflower) is suitable not only for treatment but for prevention of stretch marks. They need to be rubbed into the skin of the abdomen, thighs, Breasts with light massage movements.
Regular use of scrubs for both domestic and special, good effect on the skin and prevents the formation of stretch marks. Scrubs should not be used very often, so as not to irritate the skin. The best option would be the peeling 1 time per week.
Creams, gels for stretch marks you can use before they start as a prevention. You can use any creams for stretch marks for pregnant women.
Bandages for pregnant women well support the stomach, reducing the stretching of the skin. Recommended to wear bandages after 20th week of pregnancy. There are bands for women in the postpartum period, helping to reshape and improve the skin condition.
To prevent stretch marks on the chest there are special bras for pregnant and lactating mothers. They support the breast, preventing the skin to stretch too much.
Using a combination of various treatment methods for stretch marks and the use of prevention tools, persistence and patience, you can achieve the desired results.