Diabetes

Symptoms and signs of diabetes


Symptoms and signs of diabetes

At least 25% of people with diabetes are unaware of their disease. They quietly do things, do not pay attention to the symptoms, while diabetes slowly destroys their body. This disease is called the silent killer. The initial period of ignoring diabetes may end in a heart attack, kidney failure, vision decreases or is having problems with her feet. Rarely it happens that a diabetic falls into a coma due to elevated blood sugar, goes through the emergency room and then begins to be treated.

Learn the norms of sugar in blood, to understand the results. If sugar was elevated, then follow step-by-step method of treatment of diabetes without starvation diet, insulin injections and harmful pills. The majority of adult men and women ignore the early symptoms of diabetes in themselves and their children. They hope that “maybe it will go away”. Unfortunately, this is a bad strategy. Because these patients still go to the doctor later, but in a more serious condition.

If symptoms of diabetes are observed in a child or young person up to 25 years without excessive weight, then most likely it is type 1 diabetes. For its treatment will have to inject insulin. If diabetes have or suspect fat man aged over 40 and overweight, then it’s probably type 2 diabetes. But this is only indicative information. To determine exactly what type of diabetes, the endocrinologist.

Symptoms of diabetes type 1

Usually, symptoms of type 1 diabetes in humans is increasing rapidly, within a few days, and very strong. Often the patient suddenly falls into a diabetic coma (lose consciousness), it urgently transported to the hospital and diagnosed with diabetes.

Here are the symptoms of type 1 diabetes:

  • excessive thirst: a person drinking up to 3-5 liters of fluid per day;
  • the smell of acetone in breath;
  • in a patient increased appetite, he eats a lot, but still drastically losing weight;
  • frequent and copious urination (called polyuria), especially at night;
  • poorly healing wounds;
  • itchy skin, often fungi or boils.

Type 1 diabetes often begins 2-4 weeks after a viral infection (influenza, rubella, measles, etc.) or severe stress.

Symptoms of diabetes type 2

Symptoms of diabetesThis type of diabetes develops gradually, over several years, usually in older people. One is constantly tired, he has a bad heal wounds, decreased vision, and deteriorating memory. But he did not realize that it’s actually symptoms of diabetes. Most often type 2 diabetes is diagnosed accidentally.

The symptoms of type 2 diabetes:

  • total complaints: utomlennoe, blurred vision, memory problems;
  • problem skin: itching, frequent fungi, wounds and any injuries heal poorly;
  • thirst — up to 3-5 liters of fluid per day;
  • people often gets up to write at night (!);
  • ulcers on the shins and feet, numbness or tingling in the legs, pain when walking;
  • in women — thrush, which is difficult to treat;
  • in the later stages of the disease — losing weight without dieting
  • diabetes occurs without symptoms in 50% of patients;
  • loss of vision, kidney disease, sudden heart attack, stroke, is the first manifestation of type 2 diabetes in 20-30% of patients (quickly consult your doctor, do not pull!).

If you have excess weight and fatigue, poorly healing wounds, falls vision, deteriorating memory — do not be lazy to check the sugar level in the blood. If it is an increased — need to be treated. Not going to do it — going to die early and before it has time to namuchalsya with severe complications of diabetes (blindness, kidney failure, ulcers and gangrene in the legs, stroke, heart attack).

How to distinguish type 1 diabetes from type 2 diabetes?

Symptoms of diabetes type 1 — acute, the disease begins suddenly. When type 2 diabetes health condition is deteriorating gradually. Before “disease of the young” was considered only type 1 diabetes, but now this boundary is eroded. When type 1 diabetes — the obesity, as a rule, is absent.

To distinguish type 1 diabetes from type 2 diabetes, you will need to pass a urine test for sugar and blood glucose and C-peptide.

Thirst and increased excretion of urine (polyuria)

In diabetes, for one reason or another, in the blood increases the level of sugar (glucose). The body tries to get rid of it is to bring in the urine. But if the concentration of glucose in the urine is too high, the kidneys would not miss it. Therefore, urine should be plenty.

To get a lot of urine, the body needs a fair amount of water. So there is a strong symptom of thirst in diabetes. The patient frequent urge to urinate. He gets up several times a night — this is a characteristic early symptom of diabetes.

Smell of acetone in exhaled air

Diabetes blood glucose much, but the cells can’t absorb because of not enough insulin or it is not effective. Therefore, the body cells (except brain) are moving to food fat reserves.

When the body breaks down fats, the so-called “ketone bodies” (b-hydroxybutyric acid, acetoacetic acid, acetone). When the concentration of ketone bodies in the blood becomes high, it becomes more prominent when breathing in the air there is the smell of acetone.

Ketoacidosis coma in diabetes type 1

There was a smell of acetone in the breath means the body is transferred to food fats and blood circulating ketone bodies. If diabetes type 1 time does not take measures (to inject insulin), the concentration of these ketone bodies becomes too high.

In this case, the body has no time to neutralize them, and changes the acidity of the blood. The pH of blood must be within very narrow limits (7,35 7,45…). If he even slightly beyond these boundaries is due to lethargy, drowsiness, loss of appetite, nausea (sometimes vomiting), severe pain in the abdomen. This is called diabetic ketoacidosis.

If ketoacidosis the person falls into a coma is a dangerous complication of diabetes that could lead to disability or death (7-15% of deaths). At the same time, we urge you not to be afraid of the smell of acetone breath, if you are an adult and you don’t have type 1 diabetes.

In the treatment of type 2 diabetes with a low-carbohydrate diet the patient may develop ketosis — increased levels of ketone bodies in the blood and tissues. This is a normal physiological condition that has no toxic effect. The pH of the blood does not fall below 7,30. Therefore, despite the smell of acetone from the mouth, the person feels fine. At this time he gets rid of the excess fat and drops weight.

Increased appetite in diabetes

Diabetes in the human body lacks insulin or it does not operate effectively. Although blood glucose is more than enough, the cells can’t absorb it because of problems with insulin and “fast”. They send hunger signals to the brain, and in humans, increased appetite.

The patient eats well, but carbs that come from food, the body’s tissues to absorb. Increased appetite continues until, until you resolve the problem with insulin or as cells do not go to food fats. In the latter case, if type 1 diabetes can develop ketoacidosis.

Is your Skin itching, frequent yeast infections, thrush

Signs of diabetesIn diabetes the glucose content increased in all body fluids. Too much sugar is excreted in including then. Fungi and bacteria love moist and warm environment with a high concentration of sugar which they eat. Make the glucose level in the blood was close to normal and the situation with skin and thrush will improve.

Why diabetes poorly healing wounds

When the concentration of glucose in the blood is increased — this has a toxic effect on the walls of blood vessels and all the cells that are washed by the blood flow. To ensure healing, in the body there are many complex processes. Including, share healthy skin cells.

Because the tissue exposed to the toxic effects of surplus glucose, all these processes are slowed down. To create favorable conditions for the prosperity of infections. Let us add that women with diabetes skin prematurely aging.

At the end of the article, I want to recommend you to quickly check the blood sugar levels and consult an endocrinologist, if you see yourself or your loved ones symptoms of diabetes. To cure it completely impossible now, but take your diabetes under control and live a normal life — is quite real. And it may be easier than you think.