At least 25% of people with diabetes do not know about their disease. They quietly do things, do not pay attention to the symptoms, and at this time the diabetes gradually destroys their body. This disease is called the silent killer. The initial period ignoring diabetes can result in heart attack, kidney failure, vision falls or problems with your feet. Rarely it happens that a diabetic into a coma because of the increased sugar in the blood, passes through the intensive care unit, and then begins to be treated.
If the symptoms of diabetes are observed in a child or young person up to 25 years without the excess weight, it is likely that this type 1 diabetes. For its treatment will have to inject insulin. If the diabetes itself suspects fat or a man aged over 40 and overweight, it is probably type 2 diabetes. But this is only approximate information. To determine exactly what type of diabetes will be able endocrinologist.
Symptoms of diabetes. Early symptoms of diabetes in adults
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes
Typically, the symptoms of type 1 diabetes is increasing at a person quickly, within a few days, and very strong. Often the patient suddenly falls into a diabetic coma (loss of consciousness), it is urgently transported to the hospital and diagnosed with diabetes.
List the symptoms of type 1 diabetes:
- thirsty: drink 3-5 liters of fluid per day;
- the smell of acetone in the exhaled air;
- the patient has an increased appetite, he eats a lot, but still dramatically thinner;
- frequent and copious urination (this is called polyuria), especially at night;
- wounds heal poorly;
- skin itching, often fungi, or boils.
The symptoms of type 2 diabetes
This type of diabetes develops gradually over several years, typically the older people. People constantly tired, he badly wounds are healed, decreased vision and deteriorating memory. But he did not realize that this is actually the symptoms of diabetes.
Often type 2 diabetes is diagnosed accidentally.
- common complaints: utomlyaemost, blurred vision, memory problems;
- problem skin: itching, frequent fungi, wounds and any damage pyogenic granulomas;
- thirst – 3-5 liters of fluid per day;
- people often arises to write at night (!);
- sores on shins and feet, numbness or tingling in the legs, pain when walking;
- women – thrush, which is difficult to treat;
- in the later stages of the disease – weight loss without dieting;
- diabetes occurs without symptoms in 50% of patients;
- vision loss, kidney disease, sudden heart attack, a stroke – the first manifestation of type 2 diabetes in 20-30% of patients (quickly contact your doctor, do not pull!).
If you are overweight, as well as fatigue, poorly healing wounds, reduced vision, worsening memory – do not be lazy to check the level of sugar in the blood. If it is an increased – need to be treated. Not going to do it sooner die, but before it has time to nauchitsya with severe complications of diabetes (blindness, kidney failure, ulcers and gangrene in the legs, stroke, heart attack).
How to distinguish type 1 diabetes from type 2 diabetes?
Symptoms of type 1 diabetes – acute illness begins suddenly. When type 2 diabetes health is deteriorating gradually. Before “disease of the young” was considered only for type 1 diabetes, but now the border is eroded. When type 1 diabetes is obesity, as a rule, no.
Explanation of some of the symptoms of diabetes
Now we will explain why diabetes patients there are certain symptoms. If you are going to understand causal relationships, you will be able to more successfully treat and manage your diabetes.
Thirst and increased urination (polyuria)
In diabetes, for one reason or another, increases blood sugar levels (glucose). The body tries to get rid of it is excreted in urine. But if the concentration of glucose in the urine is too high – buds not miss. Therefore, urine should be plenty.
To “produce” a lot of urine, the body needs a fair amount of water. So there is a strong symptom of thirst in diabetes. In a patient with frequent urination. He gets up several times a night is a characteristic early symptom of diabetes.
The smell of acetone in exhaled air
Diabetes blood glucose a lot, but the cells can’t absorb because of not enough insulin or it is not effective. Therefore, the cells of the body (except the brain) to go to food fat reserves.
When the body breaks down fats, then there are the so-called “ketone bodies” (b-hydroxybutyric acid, acetoacetic acid, acetone). When the concentration of ketone bodies in the blood is high, they start to stand out when you breath, and the air smells of acetone.
Ketoacidosis coma in diabetes type 1
There was a smell of acetone in exhaled air means the body turned to food fats, and blood circulating ketone bodies. If type 1 diabetes is not time to take action (enter insulin), the concentration of these ketone bodies becomes too high.
In this case, the body does not have time to neutralize them, and changes the acidity of the blood. The pH of blood must be within very narrow limits (7,35…7,45). If it is a little outside these boundaries, it is lethargy, drowsiness, loss of appetite, nausea (sometimes vomiting), not a sharp pain in my stomach. All this is called diabetic ketoacidosis.
If ketoacidosis man into a coma is a dangerous complication of diabetes lead to disability or death (7-15% of deaths). At the same time, we urge you not to fear the smell of acetone from the mouth, if you are an adult and you have type 1 diabetes.
In the treatment of type 2 diabetes with a low-carbohydrate diet, the patient can develop ketosis – increased levels of ketone bodies in the blood and tissues. This is a normal physiological state, which has no toxic effect. The pH of blood falls below 7,30.
Therefore, despite the smell of acetone from the mouth, the person feels fine. At this time he gets rid of excess fat and dropping weight.
Increased appetite diabetes
Diabetes in the human body lacks insulin or it does not operate effectively. Although blood glucose is more than enough, the cells can’t absorb it because of problems with insulin and “fast”. They send hunger signals to the brain, and the human appetite increases.
The patient is eating well, but the carbohydrates that come from food, the body tissue to absorb not. Increased appetite continues until, until we resolve the problem with insulin or until the cells do not go to food fats. In the latter case, type 1 diabetes can develop ketoacidosis.
Skin itching, frequent yeast infections, thrush
In diabetes, the glucose content increased in all body fluids. Too much sugar is released in including and then. Fungi and bacteria love moist and warm environment with high concentration of sugar, which they eat. Make the glucose level in the blood was close to normal and the situation with skin and thrush will improve.
Why diabetes wounds heal poorly
When the concentration of glucose in the blood is increased – it has a toxic effect on the walls of blood vessels and all cells that are washed by the blood flow. To ensure the healing of wounds, the body undergoes many complex processes. Including share of healthy skin cells.
Because tissues are exposed to the toxic effects of excess glucose, all these processes are slowed down. It also creates favorable conditions for prosperity infections. Add that women with diabetes skin aging prematurely.