Thrush

Symptoms of vaginal thrush


Symptoms of thrush - how to understand what started thrush

The cause thrush yeast-like fungi of the genus Candida. These microorganisms are part of the normal microflora of the mouth, vagina and colon most healthy people. The disease is caused not simply by the presence of fungi of the genus Candida, and their reproduction in large quantities. Most often thrush occurs when the reduction of General and local immunity.

Infection thrush
Although the causative agent of yeast infection can be sexually transmitted, in most cases thrush is not related to sex. Thrush is not related to sexually transmitted diseases and discusses with them because of similar clinical picture.

The factors contributing to the development of thrush:
– receiving broad-spectrum antibiotics
the General weakening of the immune system (due to the abrupt change in climate, a strong emotional stress)
– pregnancy (especially the last 3 months of pregnancy)
– diabetes

Contrary to the traditional view, tight underwear does not increase the risk of yeast infections in women.

Symptoms of vaginal thrush

Vaginal Thrush Infection SymptomsIn women with this disease usually affect the vagina and external genitals, the male head of the penis and the foreskin.

Symptoms of thrush in men:
– burning and itching in the area of the glans penis and foreskin
– redness of the glans penis and foreskin
white plaque on the glans penis
– pain during intercourse
– pain during urination

Symptoms of thrush in women:
– burning and itching in the vulva white curd – like vaginal discharge
– pain during intercourse
– pain during urination

Diagnosis of thrush
Diagnosis is based on clinical picture and the results of light microscopy. Identification of fungi of the genus Candida at sowing, by a method of direct immunofluorescence (DFA) and DNA diagnostic methods (PCR) has no diagnostic value because for thrush it is important not just to the presence and the number of fungi of the genus Candida. In a small number of these fungi are present in the mouth, the vagina and the colon of most healthy people.

Treatment for thrush

Treatment for thrush in menThere are many drugs to treat this disease. Some of them are used topically (cream, vaginal tablets or suppositories), others orally (tablets or capsules for oral administration).

Treatment for thrush in men
In candidal balanoposthitis (lesion of the glans penis and foreskin), a local treatment. Apply the cream with clotrimazolum. It is applied in a thin layer on the glans penis and the foreskin 2 times/day for 5-7 days.
Possible single dose of fluconazole 150 mg orally, but usually this is not necessary. Commercial name fluconazole – Medoflucon, Diflucan, Diflucan, Mycosyst, Forcan, flukostat.

Treatment of yeast infections in women
In the mild course of vulvovaginal candidiasis (lesion of the vagina and external genital organs), a local treatment. The preparations for the local treatment of vaginal tablets or suppositories) include (first provides an international name, and then in parentheses lists trade names):
– clotrimazole (Antifungal, Inamazon 100, Candibene, Canesten, Kenison, Clotrimazole) is the most commonly used drug for the topical treatment;
– isoconazole (Gino-travogen Ovulum);
– miconazole (Gynazol 7, Gino-daktarin, Klion D 100);
– natamycin (Pimafucin);
– nystatin (Polygynax, Terzian).

While nystatin (part of the preparations Polygynax and Terzian) is outdated and not very effective drug.
Some doctors prescribe for thrush 5-10% solution of borax in the glycerin locally (in the vagina). This is a very old and ineffective method of treatment of thrush.
In addition, in the mild course of the disease instead of drugs for local treatment of possible single dose of fluconazole 150 mg orally. Commercial name fluconazole – Medoflucon, Diflucan, Diflucan, Mycosyst, Forcan, flukostat.
Use of vaginal tablets and suppositories broad-spectrum (Terzian, Polygynax, Betadine) for thrush impractical because they promote the development of Gardnerella. The composition of these medicines are antibacterial agents of broad-spectrum immunosuppressive normal vaginal microflora.
In some cases, prescribe treatment, complementary antifungals (immunotherapy, tonic medicines, physiotherapy and so on).

Treatment of recurrent thrush
When recurrent thrush (>4 exacerbations per year), the following treatment options:
– candles or vaginal tablets clotrimazolum (Antifungal, Inamazon 100, Candibene, Canesten, Kenison, Clotrimazole) 1 time/week for several months.
– fluconazole (Medoflucon, Diflucan, Diflucan, Mycosyst, Forcan, flukostat) 100 mg orally 1 time/week for several months.

Treatment of thrush in pregnant women
When thrush in pregnant women shows only local treatment.

Prevention of yeast infections
Prevention is the purpose of antifungal drugs for local or systemic use in the treatment of broad-spectrum antibiotics.
Sexual partners
In the modern view, the examination and treatment of the sexual partner in the absence of symptoms is not necessary.