Cardiology

The cardiac arrhythmias


The cardiac arrhythmias - causes, symptoms and treatment

Arrhythmias are divided into tachycardia (increased heart rate), bradycardia(slow heart rate), ekstrasistolii (special reduction) and heart block (in case of siege pulse cannot pass through certain parts of the heart muscle and contraction of different parts of the heart occur not coordinated).

Cause fibrillation

Heart is one of the most amazing organs in our body. It has the property of automaticity – the ability to contract rhythmically under the influence of the impulses arising in him. This means that the heart may be relatively Autonomous and provide the body with blood, even in cases of possible damage to the nervous system. However, under the influence of various factors even in this almost perfect system errors may occur and interruptions. Based arrhythmia is a change in conditions for forming the excitation of the heart muscle or anomaly of how it is spread.Arrhythmias can be caused by functional disorders and severe organic heart disease.

Symptoms of arrhythmia

Cardiac arrhythmias– palpitations;
– weakness, dizziness;
– pain or pressure in the chest;
– shortness of breath or rapid breathing;
– fainting and loss of consciousness.

Often patients for a long time without experiencing any discomfort associated with the disease and too late to seek medical help.

What to do when heart arrhythmia

The treatment of arrhythmias should engage a qualified cardiologist. If you or your loved ones have a suspicion of arrhythmia, you should immediately consult a specialist. Do not self-medicate. It is important to remember that anti-arrhythmic drugs can be prescribed only by a doctor, because almost all drugs, the so-called proaritmicheskimi activity. That is, the drug can cause seizures arrhythmia, even those that the patient was not.

Treatment of cardiac arrhythmia

The doctor may suspect arrhythmia already auscultation of the heart. In this case, the patient is prescribed an ECG study. Electrocardiogram (ECG) is a graphical representation of the potential difference arising during operation of the heart on the body surface, recorded by a device called the electrocardiograph in the process of electrocardiography. Is one of the main methods of diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases.

To study the condition of the patient in the dynamics developed a special method, which is used daily record ECG – Holter monitoring. The ECG recording is carried out continuously for 24 hours. To do this, use a small portable recorder that produces persistent ECG and transmit information about the heart for the day in the computer. We can also carry out exercise ECG: during the study, patients were asked to pedal the Ergometer or run on the walkway.

In order to identify the cause of the emerged adults, you may be assigned additional research methods.

Typically, for the treatment of arrhythmia prescribe medicines for arrhythmia. In some cases this can significantly reduce the symptoms of arrhythmia. In severe cases, may require the installation of a pacemaker, a device designed to maintain the heart’s rhythm).