Gastroenterology

The irritable bowel syndrome


The irritable bowel syndrome - causes, symptoms and treatment

The irritable bowel syndrome (spastic colitis, mucous colitis) usually manifested by bloating and spasms and disorders of the bowel. Symptoms vary among different people.

For example, one is constipation (difficult and rare bowel movements), another diarrhea, and the third can be both symptoms at the same time. Normally, the chair should be decorated, but not solid, not contain streaks of blood, defecation should not be accompanied by pain or spasms of the intestine. The frequency of acts of defecation different for each one it 3 times a day for another 3 times per week. The irritable bowel syndrome is not a severe illness. In fact, doctors believe this bowel syndrome is a functional disorder because the examination of the colon signs of disease is not detected. Often the irritable bowel syndrome appears on a background of stress, fatigue, nervous overstimulation.

Reasons syndrome

Although the causes of irritable bowel syndrome is not clear, it is known that the large intestine of people suffering from this disease, the more reactive than healthy. A person with this syndrome the functioning of the large intestine change some triggers, such as certain foods, medications or stress.

The irritable bowel syndromeSymptoms of syndrome

– pain in the abdomen
– bloating
– the formation of gas
– changes in bowel movements such as constipation or diarrhea.

Self treatment

– keep a diary of your diet, avoid foods that cause you SRCT (e.g., chocolate),
– avoid fatty foods, especially fatty meat, the skin of poultry, whole milk, cream, cheese, butter, vegetable oil, margarine, avocado and whipped cream,
– increase the proportion of fiber in your diet (you can do this with whole wheat bread, beans, fruits and vegetables),
– for relief of diarrhea and spasms of the intestine eat small amounts frequently,
– try less nervous, use a variety of techniques to relieve stress,
– if you have a fever, stool features a mixture blood, you lose weight or suffer prolonged abdominal pain, contact your doctor.
Eating fiber and laxative (occasionally) can relieve constipation, but first you should consult with your doctor.
Studies have shown that women’s symptoms are most acute in the period of menstrual bleeding, so if you take sex hormones, remember that they can cause a worsening SRCT.

Treatment in hospital

Treament the irritable bowel syndromeSpecific analysis for irritable bowel Syndrome does not exist. The doctor will prescribe the tests to exclude other diseases. Excluding from the list of possible diagnoses of a serious illness, the doctor will give you rest.

In such cases usually recommend a diet rich in fiber. The doctor will advise that you need to change in lifestyle.

Of medicines prescribe a mild tranquilizers (if you are under stress or pathological anxiety), antispasmodics, anti-diarrhoeal drugs and laxative remedies in case of constipation.

Prevention of irritable bowel syndrome

– choose foods rich in fibre, such as wholegrain bread, vegetables and fruit.
– try not to eat foods which can worsen symptoms, such as artificial sweeteners, dairy products and caffeine, especially if you have diarrhea. Make a personal list of products that you can’t tolerate.

Learn to cope with stress, do special exercises, and use of various relaxation techniques.