Thrush in pregnancy occurs in many women. Called the disease a special fungus Candida. Therefore, the official name of this disease is candidiasis.
The main symptoms of yeast infection during pregnancy is genital itching (sometimes unbearable), and a white cheesy discharge that has a sour smell. But these symptoms during pregnancy is characteristic not only of the thrush, but also for a number of other infections. That is why the diagnosis should visit the gynecologist and to hand over a number of analyses.
Although studies show that thrush during pregnancy does not harm the unborn child and its mother, but this is disadvantageous, from which you want to get rid of. Fortunately, ways to cure yeast infection during pregnancy to date enough. It is believed that carriers of candidiasis are almost all people: men and women. This infection lives in the body for years and may never be. If you have the symptoms, it is likely that the thrush has arisen in connection with a decrease in immunity, what exactly happens during pregnancy.
Symptoms of thrush in pregnancy due to various factors. Often thrush in pregnancy provoke such mechanical factors as wearing synthetic underwear and frequent rough sex acts that lead to injuries to the vaginal walls.
Immunity may decrease due to infectious and oncological diseases, diseases of the circulatory system, tuberculosis, dysfunction sexual glands, diabetes mellitus, hypothyroidism, hypoglycemia, etc.
Recurrence of candidiasis during pregnancy may be associated with use of certain medications: antibiotics, corticosteroids, immunosupression.
Also cause thrush in pregnancy can such body condition, as beriberi, chronic diseases of the genitourinary system, bacterial vaginosis ( vaginal dysbiosis ), diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
In some medical sources said about the relationship between the consumption of sweets and the emergence of a yeast infection during pregnancy.
The occurrence of thrush in pregnancy due and physiological changes in the microflora of the vagina. During pregnancy the body increases the level of female hormones that triggers the creation of favorable conditions for the development of thrush.
Some experts believe that thrush during pregnancy can be transmitted through sexual means. But the results showed that 20% of women thrush appeared not during pregnancy, and even before it.
Other experts believe that the “hotbed” of a yeast infection during pregnancy is the intestine and stomach. And, actually, many women suffering from this disease, fungi of this type are found in the analysis of feces.
Diagnosis of a yeast infection during pregnancy.
The first study, conducted with the symptoms of yeast infection during pregnancy, is a smear. As the Europeans say, this is a normal PAP smear, which takes a gynecologist in the process of inspection of the vagina special disposable spatula. For healthy women, this procedure is absolutely painless. After this glass coated with discharge from the vagina, cervix and urethra are sent to the laboratory, where their “composition” is viewed under a microscope.
This analysis is quite informative. Thrush in pregnancy can be detected even in the absence of symptoms.
If thrush with conventional smear is not detected, then during pregnancy using the culture method for detection of the pathogen. The material is taken place in a special favorable environment for fungi. And if they are still there, their presence in a short time can be easily identified under a microscope.
The most accurate, but very expensive method of detection is called PCR. But, unfortunately, in the case of thrush in pregnancy it often gives false positive results. It is therefore considered more appropriate to use for staging this diagnosis methods described above.
Treatment of thrush in pregnancy
As you know, during pregnancy most medicines, including from a yeast infection, is contraindicated. Therefore, to self-medicate is not recommended. There are a lot of drugs, destructive to the causative agent of thrush, but not all of them can be taken during pregnancy.
Thrush in pregnancy occurs quite often and treatment it is only safe drugs local actions ( mostly Clotrimazole and Miconazole” ). Relatively tablet forms of drugs. Less effective, but completely safe for the treatment of thrush in pregnancy “Pimafucin”. He has no toxic effects on the fetus, even in high dosages.
There are many ways to treat thrush in pregnancy natural remedies. The most popular of them is the cleaning of the genital organs yellow solution, decoction of oak bark, a solution of sodium tetraborate in the glycerol bath calendula etc., This treatment can help to get rid of the symptoms of a yeast infection during pregnancy, but the effect is short-lived.
Here is one of such methods of treatment of thrush in pregnancy. Many gynecologists vintage still recommend it as the quickest way of getting rid of this nasty disease. Pour in 1 litre of water and a tablespoon of baking soda and add 1 teaspoon of iodine. Pour the resulting solution into a bowl and sit in it for 20 minutes. Perform procedure 1 times a day for 2-3 days.
Treatment of thrush in pregnancy should be carried out comprehensively. First, you need to identify the factor or factors causing its deterioration, whether chronic or infectious disease or lack of vitamins in the body.
In addition to smears on the determination of the causative agent, the gynecologist usually recommends to pass the following tests: complete blood count and urine analysis, blood testing for HIV, smear on STIs ( sexually transmitted infections ). It is also advisable to visit such specialists as the endocrinologist and the gastroenterologist. Getting all the research to develop the most effective tactics for treatment of thrush in pregnancy.
It is useful prophylactic administration of multivitamins for pregnant women and money, raising immunity. Here will be useful to home medicine.
How to avoid a yeast infection during pregnancy?
First, if you have before pregnancy were manifestations of candidiasis, the pregnancy should be planned during remission of the disease after treatment of thrush.
During pregnancy it is necessary to carefully follow all the recommendations of the gynecologist and to hand over all assigned tests. Early detection of any infection or exacerbation of chronic disease and proper treatment will help to avoid recurrence of thrush during pregnancy.
As mentioned above, thrush in pregnancy occurs more often in women who wrong, just terrible. Lack of essential vitamins and minerals leads to the aggravation of any chronic diseases and, including candidiasis.
Separately, you can discuss the issue of sex. If your partner also has symptoms of a yeast infection ( Yes, men, too, it happens ), then intimacy is only possible with the use of a condom.
The uncontrolled use of drugs also leads to the appearance of symptoms of yeast infection during pregnancy. Therefore, in any case can not accept any medical and okolomarisanskoj drugs without prior consultation with a specialist. Antibiotics are a good thing, but to take them at the first signs of the common cold is still not worth it.
Do not wear tight underwear made of synthetic fabrics. This provokes the emergence not only of unpleasant odors, but also of a yeast infection during pregnancy. During pregnancy only wear loose cotton underwear.
So, as you now know, to get rid of yeast infection forever impossible, but it is real to make her relapse was worried about you as possible. Thrush in pregnancy status unpleasant, but quite easily treatable.