It happens that the woman begins to feel a growing itching and burning of the vulva, which accompanies a white, cheesy discharge. Most likely it is thrush or vaginal candidiasis (name yeast-like fungi Candida albicans). Such fungi, according to many experts, can be part of the normal microflora of the vagina in low quantities. However, breeding in large numbers on the mucous membrane of the vagina, these fungi cause the symptoms of thrush.
Favorable conditions for the occurrence of thrush can be created by reducing the immunity, malnutrition, hormonal background, etc.
Itself thrush is not particularly at risk, even when it passes on the internal sexual organs, but brings a lot of discomforts. So if you suffer from similar symptoms, please see a doctor – he will put the correct diagnosis and prescribe treatment. First eliminate the cause that led to the proliferation of fungi (hormonal drugs, changing diet), then prescribe antifungal drugs, vitamins.
Thrush (vaginal candidiasis) is a disease caused by yeast-like fungi of the genus Candida. It meets more frequently than the candidiasis of other organs, since these fungi are often part of the normal microflora of the vagina. Of course, when fungi little, no harm from them, but as soon as they start to multiply and spread disease begins – vaginal candidiasis. The name “thrush” arose from the whitish cheesy vaginal discharge that accompanies this disease.
Candidiasis genital organs are not exclusively female disease, they can get sick and men. The male version of this disease is called candidal balanoposthitis. Carriage of yeast-like fungus on the penis occurs in 14-18% of healthy men, but more often the man is infected by the fungus sexually from women. However, reliably shown that often this disease occurs in men, diabetics, obese and depressed immunity.
This disease is almost impossible with nothing to confuse.
Symptoms of Women’s Thrush:
- a feeling of intense itching and pain in the vulva and vagina;
- thick white cheesy discharge;
- pain during intercourse and urination.
Signs of yeast infections in men are not as obvious, although sometimes they are too worried about itching and soreness of the vulva, and the head of the penis there is a RAID in the form of the whitish rash.
To cause disease, yeast-like fungus of the genus Candida necessary special conditions: not too acidic habitat and reduced activity of protective forces of an organism.
The Causes Leading to the Growth of Fungus:
- effects of antibiotics;
- immunosuppression (AIDS, and chronic inflammatory diseases);
- the metabolic disorder (diabetes mellitus);
- malnutrition (prevalence in the diet of carbohydrates, sweets, cakes, sweets and a few vitamins);
- hormonal changes (reception of contraceptives and pregnancy);
- wearing tight synthetic underwear (they do not let heat and moisture and, therefore, creates a favorable situation for the development of fungal diseases).
As soon as the colony of the fungus grows, begins to break down the surface layer of cells lining the genitals (vagina or penis head). Special injury candidiasis genital organs without, however, this disease can cause a lot of discomforts and can interfere with normal sexual life. In rare cases, candidiasis becomes chronic and it is then possible involvement in the pathological process of nearby organs – the bladder and bowel.
Diagnosis and Treatment
In order to make an accurate diagnosis, it is enough to seem to the gynecologist and to identify the pathogen is a fungus of the genus Candida. This is taken a vaginal swab, which is then examined under a microscope. If the diagnosis of a yeast infection is confirmed, it is recommended to pass a urine test and blood sugar, as candidiasis can be one of the signs of diabetes.
Treatment of candidiasis should be staged. First, it is recommended to do a culture on the flora with the definition of sensitivity to antifungal drugs. Based on the results, a deliberate anti-fungal treatment.
In addition, you need to resolve the causes that led to increased proliferation of fungi Candida:
- to cancel the reception of antibiotics, in cases when this is possible;
- to normalize metabolism;
- to stimulate the immune system;
- to restore the normal vaginal microflora ( using bacterial preparations containing live cultures of lactobacilli, which inhibit the growth of pathogenic microflora and fungi);
- to normalize the acidity of the vagina;
- to eliminate intestinal dysbacteriosis.
The disappearance bother your symptoms of a yeast infection does not always indicate its full recovery, so after completing the course of treatment, you should return for a second visit to a gynecologist.
In addition, from a candidiasis, it is advisable to take a course of treatment for both sexual partners.