Health adults

Toothache: Causes, Treatments, and Prevention


Toothache: Causes, Treatments, and Prevention

Toothache delivers a lot of anxiety. It hurts when you smile or frown, eat or drink when you clench or unclench my jaw or turn my head. Sometimes it hurts, even when you breathe because cold air rushes into the mouth and passes over a sensitive tooth.

If an attack of acute dental pain happened late at night or in the day, and to run in round-the-clock dental clinic is not possible, it remains to resort to emergency ways to temporarily ease the suffering.

How to remove tooth pain at home yourself:

  • Tip 1: You should always feel comfortable , feeling pain harms the body as a whole – so just try to take analgesic remedy – analgesic. There are 2 types of medications that help relieve tooth pain: analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs nesteroidne. Analgesics block the activity of pain centers in the brain that transmit a message about the origin of the pain.Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are the main action – reducing inflammation, and secondary – decrease in pain, which is caused by reducing inflammation.Examples of the most effective analgesics: Solpadein, Ketanov, Analginum, Tempalgin.Examples of non-steroidal drugs: Diclofenac, Ibuprofen, Indomethacin, Ketoprofen, Naproxen, Piroxicam, widely advertised.
  • Tip 2: the most important. Remember that analgesics does not eliminate tooth pain and its cause. Analgesics only help to forget about the toothache , which gives You the opportunity as comfortable as possible to get to a dentist appointment. Don’t kid yourself that the pain can appear random, and can then leave forever. If the pain is there – then there is a problem that can be solved only in the dental chair. This applies to absolutely all types of dental pain
  • Tip 3: forget about the terrible stories of torture in the dental chair. This is far in the past. Modern technologies allow even painkillers to make a shot painless – the injection site is lubricated by special anesthetic. Modern dental anesthetics analgesic quickly, effectively and permanently.
  • Tip 4: remember that pulling visit to the dentist will not only bring You the constant repetition of a toothache, bad mood and health, but every day makes solving Your problem more expensive for You. The more running problem – the more You pay the dentist. So economical we recommend you to contact at the first pain symptoms

Also consider the fact that the deposition of a visit to the dentist can lead to more serious consequences – suppuration, tooth loss, and finally to the emergence of a threat to life – often purulent process penetrates into the neck region, and further to the mediastinum, to heart – sometimes it is impossible to save man.

Next, You can read more and causes of dental pain, dental pain, and individual elements of care in different tooth-ache.

Types of dental pain and methods of its elimination

Types of toothacheHyperesthesia (increased sensitivity) of dental hard tissues – occurs when the exposure of the necks of the teeth (parasonic), increased abrasion of enamel wedge-shaped defects, enamel damage from momentary or long-term injury. Clinically hypersensitivity is manifested by pain in the teeth, arising from chemical or thermal stimuli.

Treatment: application of special fluorine-containing varnishes, deep remineralization sensitive areas, coating with special protective film, which prevents the mechanical action of temperature and chemical agents.

Dental Caries

The Pain of dental caries, mainly of short duration, occurs in contact with food in a cavity or in contact with thermal or chemical stimuli. As a rule, after the removal of the irritating agent the pain passes quickly.

Treatment: cleaning cavity, fillings modern dental materials.

Dental Pulp

For pulpitis is characterized by more intense pain than the tooth decay that occurs for no apparent reason. The duration of the attack depends on the duration of the inflammatory process. In the beginning of the disease is short, lasting a few seconds pain. Over time, it acquires a nearly constant nature, amplifying the night. The pain may be triggered by thermal, chemical and mechanical stimuli. Sometimes painful biting on the affected tooth.

The pain in acute pulpitis often occurs by itself, the characteristic night pain.

Characterized by a wide radiating in all branches of the trigeminal nerve. Acute pulpitis may become chronic. Then the pain is less and is called thermal and mechanical effects, a common complaint is pain when inhaling cold air

Treatment. Cleaning the root canal from the affected neurovascular bundle, sealing of channels and cavities of the respective materials.

Periodontitis

For periodontitis characterized by a constant pain, the intensity of which depends on the stage of the inflammatory process. Acute periodontitis occurs with severe pain, often localized in the diseased tooth. Appears a painful bite on the tooth. Sometimes palpable enlarged, painful submandibular lymph nodes.

The clinical picture of chronic periodontitis is less bright may be accompanied by constantly bursting, bursting pain in the area of the affected tooth, and some forms are asymptomatic.

Treatment. Cleaning the root canal from the affected neurovascular bundle, the drug effects on the affected tissue over the tooth root ( inflammation ), then the filling of root canals, and cavities of appropriate materials.

In some cases resorted to surgical interference – cystectomy, through the gums produce cleaning of the affected area in the bone, then sew it all back in a week the sutures are removed, and the tooth saved.

In some of the most advanced cases, the affected tooth is removed.

Tooth Injury

Tooth Injury where the injured pulp. Usually the pain is localized in the area of the damaged tooth is permanent, increases with food and from a variety of stimuli.

Treatment of the situation after x-ray control damage.

Dental Abscess

Dental Abscess is a limited collection of pus in gingival tissues that occurs when the inflammation surrounding the area of the tooth. Characteristic throbbing, bursting pains, swelling of the affected area, fever, minor pain at the bite in the field of causal tooth.

Treatment: the Speed of development of process gives a basis to urge not to delay treatment to the dentist. Prior to this, as measures to facilitate character, you can use painkillers, warm rinse the mouth, heat dressing. Antibiotics and other powerful tools without purpose is not recommended.

The dentist under anesthesia makes the opening of the abscess on the gums, rinses, and applies a drain through which the patient is an several days pulling out the remains of exudate.

Then you have to open and heal that tooth, which has resulted in suppuration.

Sometimes periostitis shows the early removal of “causal” tooth with simultaneous opening of the abscess.