Gastroenterology

Vomiting


Vomiting - causes, symptoms and treatment

Vomiting is often the result of infection of the gastrointestinal tract.

In rare cases, it is associated with bacterial infection, to address which need medical treatment. However, in most cases, it passes itself within a few days. However, vomiting may also occur in other diseases and conditions, some of which require medical intervention.

Causes vomiting

  • Vomiting - symptoms and causesstomach disorders and abnormalities in the intestines (infection, injury, poisoning, food Allergy);
  • problems of the inner ear (vertigo, motion sickness);
  • disorders of the brain (head injuries, infections and brain tumors, migraine).

Symptoms of vomiting

You can cope on their own with vomiting associated with motion sickness, overeating, a large amount of alcohol or stress.

It is recommended to consult a physician if vomiting occurs in patients suffering from diabetes or other chronic diseases, if vomiting continues for 48 hours
With vomiting, accompanied by acute and persistent pain in the abdomen or repeated several times after a head injury, when signs of dehydration, dry mouth, intense urination, change in mental or functional activities in older people, and vomiting, accompanied by headache and stiff neck, with admixture of blood in the vomit or if they resemble coffee grounds, you must seek immediate medical care (call an ambulance).

What to do if vomiting?

What to do if vomitingAdults are advised to give rest to the stomach. Do not eat or drink anything for at least 2 hours. As soon as the nausea stopped, you can start to drink, but slowly. It is best to drink water, low-fat broth, sweet tea or carbonated soda and mineral water. Drink often, but small portions and small SIPS. Not recommended drinks containing caffeine, dairy products, citrus fruits, alcoholic drinks, as well as acetylsalicylic acid (aspirin) and ibuprofen. If vomiting does not last long and not too strong, can not give any medications. Vomiting should cease within a few hours.

After 6-8 hours, you can start there. Choose light meals best porridge on the water, low-fat soup, rice. Eat small portions.

Within 1-2 days, avoid spicy and fried foods.

Children with severe vomiting should be given every hour special solution to recover the amount of fluid in the body. Don’t let the baby very sweet, salty or acidic drinks. It is necessary to drink a small amount of liquid, small SIPS. When vomiting stops and the child will Wake up the appetite, ask him lean meat, yogurt, bananas, vegetables, rice, potatoes, bread or any grains. Usually in children vomiting leads to a prolonged loss of appetite.

The doctor can determine the cause of the vomiting and fix it, to prescribe an antiemetic, to guide you to the hospital if necessary.

Preventing vomiting

Adults are advised to drink a small amount of sweet liquid that soothes the stomach, get into a sitting or reclined position and relax. Physical activity increases nausea and vomiting.

If you are traveling with children in the car, put the baby in the front seat so that he was looking in the windshield (not lateral). This will help prevent motion sickness and nausea.

With a strong cough and high temperature, let the children soft antipyretics. In children under 6 years old fever and cough often cause vomiting.

Abundant food and drink, especially sweets and sodas, along with games or sports in children very often cause vomiting. Don’t let your child eat and drink a lot while snacking, limit the amount of sweets and fizzy drinks and don’t let to play or run immediately after eating.