Ovulation is the process of release of a Mature egg ready for fertilization, ovarian follicle into the abdominal cavity.
Even from the moment of conception, the organism of the girls to prepare for future procreation. All my life they formed a huge number of eggs. When the girl comes first menstruation, since each month of one millionth of the number of Mature oocytes will Mature only. In medicine it is called dominant. The follicle, where it is stored, begins to increase, and when it fully Matures, the follicle pushes her and the egg is released into the abdominal cavity.
If women’s reproductive health, in order that ovulation occurs regularly and consistently. Every woman’s ovulation may occur differently in different period. This is very individual, as well as the menstrual cycle. Mainly in women menstrual cycle lasts for 28 to 32 days. Ovulation occurs most often in the middle of this cycle, from 12 to 15 days. Usually ovulation occurs once during the menstrual cycle, but sometimes there are exceptions when in the cycle it can happen again. This can be caused by large nervous disorders, the introduction of estrogenic or gonadotropic hormones. After the egg is released from the follicle, it can retain the ability to fertilize just a few hours. The onset of ovulation ideally occurs on the 14th day from the beginning of the last menstrual period and for 14 days prior to the beginning of the next. It’s in a 28-day menstrual cycle. But such an ideal offensive in nature is rare. Doctors say that most women, ovulation occurs between 11 and 21 days, starting from the first day of the last month, or for 12 to 16 days before the next menstruation.
Ovulation each cycle may shift. If in the last cycle it was held on the 14th day, it does not mean that the next cycle will be exactly the same. About three times a year, ovulation may not occur. This is normal, this is not a malfunction of the reproductive system. This is a kind of “rest”. But if ovulation does not occur regularly, it means that the reproductive system of women violated. In this case, the woman urgently need to seek help from a specialist. The period of ovulation can be determined in several ways. Let’s talk about them.
Changes in the status of women. Many argue that when ovulation occurs during this period, women become more sexually attractive. Yes, women in this period report heightened sexual attraction to the opposite sex. In the middle of the cycle in some women are nagging pains in the lower abdomen, the selection sometimes streaked with blood. Increases the amount of mucus secretions. The mucus becomes more viscous, viscous. When surveyed at the gynecologist can be found in the cervix transparent mucus. To determine the onset of ovulation using basal temperature.
Measurement of basal temperature is one of the most ancient methods of determining ovulation. The schedule of basal temperature will be true only if the temperature measured at the same time every day. You also want to vymeryat not less than six hours of sleep, not stava out of bed. The results can be affected by various infectious diseases, taken alcohol before, sexual intercourse, which occurred shortly before the measurement, the use of hormonal drugs. All this can cause a rise in basal body temperature. Under normal condition, the temperature by 0.5 degrees above normal and lasts from the second half of the cycle before the onset of menstruation. Before she rises, she will fall by 0.4 or 0.6 degrees. These are the days of ovulation. If throughout the cycle the temperature the same, the anovulatory cycle in which ovulation is absent.
Hormones. At the time of ovulation is the increased level of the hormone progesterone. About the assessment of the level of hormones, and therefore it is possible to judge whether there was an ovulation. Hormones should take a few RA during one cycle. This method is accurate only if the cycle is regular.
Ultrasonography. This is the most reliable method of determining ovulation. Conducting ultrasound, see the change process follicles, from which comes the egg. In the period of ovulation can be seen the dominant follicle. It is much larger than the rest. When the follicle becomes the size of 18-20 mm, ovulation occurs. When it passes, on the site of the follicle, which exploded on ultrasound shows a small crack. Then at the same place formed a yellow body. This process is accompanied by the appearance of fluid behind the uterus. If a woman has a regular cycle, then an ultrasound is conducted mainly for two to three days before expected ovulation, and the day after it. If the cycle is not regular, ultrasound should be performed every two to three days, you should begin already from the tenth day of the menstrual cycle. You can perform ultrasound and less. For this you need to calculate the day of ovulation based on the size of the follicle. Follicle, which dominates increases to about 2 mm per day. As an ultrasound can assess the condition of the mucous membrane of the uterus, its cyclical changes, as well as the possibility of attachment of the ovum.
Home method. home ovulation can be determined using a special test. The test to determine ovulation, can be found at any pharmacy. Their appearance does not differ from the pregnancy test. This method should only be used if you have checked the availability of other methods of ovulation. When ovulation increases estrogen levels, and this causes certain changes in the vaginal mucus and saliva. However, these fluids become more viscous, and when dry, forms a specific pattern. On a small piece of glass put a drop of saliva. This should be done in the morning, when the food has not yet been taken and the teeth are not chimeny. After that, the glass you look through the microscope. If no conventional microscope, in the pharmacy you can buy a special mini-microscope. If the crystal clear picture no ovulation has not occurred. When the picture is quite clear, this indicates the onset of ovulation. After ovulation the picture again becomes fuzzy.