When in the house there is a baby, we as parents want to give him the best of everything. The best conditions, the best toys, the best food. But the baby, in fact, need very little. It is our love and breastfeeding. Mother’s milk contains all the vitamins and valuable nutrients, which provide a growing body everything necessary for that child to grow up healthy and active. All modern pediatricians agree that up to 6 months babies do not need absolutely nothing other than breast milk. And then you can start introducing new foods. 10 years ago was advised to start weaning with vegetable or fruit juices, and to do so recommended after the first month of life. But now such recommendations are considered to be fundamentally incorrect.
The baby’s first year of life, the digestive system is only beginning to emerge, and babies up to 6 months in the absence of enzymes and pepsin that digesting raw juices. These juices, digestive tract of the child, give an excessive load on the still fragile body. Only after half a year of the digestive system of a baby is ready to digest carbohydrate and starch food. The main source of energy for baby – fats, enzymes for the breakdown of which is in breast milk.
That’s why it is very important up to six months to be sure to feed your baby only breast milk. If you enter other fats, the enzyme system is not able to process such food. Even if we introduce additional carbohydrates in the composition of purees and juices, it can lead to metabolic disorders in the child. That’s why pediatricians recommend to introduce juices into the diet of children older than 1 year. Before you can introduce fruit and vegetable purees, but in any case not earlier than 7-8 months.
What juices to give a child
If you have decided that it is time to expand the menu and enter the juice in the child’s diet, it is best to start with raw fresh juices. These juices contain the maximum amount of vitamins and minerals, most of which disappears during heat treatment. Remember that to start making fresh juices should only pre-diluted with water at the rate of 1:1. If the child is prone to allergies, try to give juice with dining spoon, carefully watching the reaction. If the next day the child has not appeared the thrust and other symptoms of allergies, can add another spoonful and bring to 100 ml. If the child has no allergies, you can start with 1\3 Cup diluted with water juice.
Now all the manufacturers of baby food are canned fruit and vegetable juices. If you start introducing juices in the winter season when there are such a variety of fresh seasonal fruits and vegetables, it is best to start giving these juices. They undergo minimal thermal processing, must not contain preservatives, vitamins and minerals, though inferior to fresh juices, still cupping juice helpful for a growing body.
About what juices to give the child first – vegetable or fruit, there is up to you yourself. Many children, having tasted the sweet fruit juices, then refuse to drink vegetables, which are less sweet. If you have suspicions that your child can do so, then start to give carrot, pumpkin or beetroot juice first, and then expand the diet of Apple, pear, plum and other fruit juices. You can do a mixture of juices, only when you are sure the child is not allergic to a particular juice.
A few recommendations how to give juice to a child.
First, it is not necessary to consider the juice as a drink. Sufficient energy value that would quench their thirsts, and for a while, and the baby’s hunger. So do not give juice before a meal because it can lead to the fact that the child refuses lunch or dinner.
Do not give juice on an empty stomach, as well as to offer the baby to drink the juice food. This can lead to flatulence, and the child would be tormented gases and abdominal pain. Best of all, the juice menu was served for afternoon tea with biscuits or a sandwich. Juices with pulp can help if your child is suffering from constipation. These juices contain fiber and pectin, which have a beneficial effect on intestinal peristalsis. These same properties, mashed vegetables and fruits.
Children first year of life do not give more than 60-80 ml of juice, and after a year can be increased to 100ml. And it is best to divide this amount in two to three divided doses per day. Older children are recommended to 200ml of juice per day.
If the child needs sodium, but it is required for all active kids, let him plum, peach, apricot juice, which are rich in this vitamin. To raise the level of hemoglobin: carrot, beet, pomegranate, Apple, tomato juices. Juices with a high content of vitamin C (citrus, Apple, black currant) strengthens the immune system. If the child suffers from constipation, type, juice with pulp, and if loose stools are best suited the cherry and pomegranate juice. The only fruit from which it is not recommended to give fresh juice to children under two years is a grape. Because of the huge amount of sugar in grape juice into the digestive tract of the child may increase the fermentation process, leading to flatulence and stomach pain.