The term diathesis parents usually use to describe a skin redness, spots and other lesions on the skin of the child. In a professional environment such changes on the skin called allergic dermatitis (i.e., inflammation of the skin allergic nature).
And the term “diathesis” refers to a predisposition to certain diseases or inadequate reactions to normal stimuli.
Allergic dermatitis in childhood is not uncommon, due to a number of factors. After the birth in the child’s body undergoing serious restructuring. They affect the most vital systems, including the immune. From warm, cozy and safe moms the kid gets in an aggressive environment that daily tries to attack it with various allergens. Gradually training the body, it gets used and formed the correct immune response, which subsequently protects the person throughout life. But while all of these changes will not end, children are unusually susceptible to allergic diseases. Mom eats a slice of peach or strawberry – and in infants fed her milk, the rash appears, the same may occur with the introduction of certain types of foods. And so that begins when children try orange or Mandarin… Allergy to a medicine, vaccine, on the mosquito bite or bee on flowering plants with some of these situations usually faced every mother.
Causes of allergic dermatitis
It should be understood that the cutaneous manifestations of child diathesis are not a skin disease. This is only a skin manifestation of an allergic reaction. Due to the immaturity of the immune and digestive systems, the failure of the detoxifying functions of the liver some ingested substances are not digested. They cannot be fully digested in the intestines or may not be neutralized by the liver. These substances, as a result of certain transformations, acquire the properties of antigens and cause the production of antibodies. Complexes of antigen-antibody provoke the appearance of a rash.
There are three ways of penetration of the allergen in the child’s body:
– food or drink — food Allergy;
– direct contact with skin — contact Allergy;
– in the process of respiration — respiratory Allergy.
Symptoms of dermatitis
Symptoms diathesis (atopic dermatitis) various — areas of redness, rashes in the form of red dots, spots and dots, often itchy, flaky and dry skin, cracks, sores and ulcers.
Complications of atopic dermatitis include skin infection due to bacteria into the wound in the ground scratching of the skin.
First and foremost, you should make sure that the cause of the rash is an allergic disease. For this you need to call the pediatrician, which will eliminate possible infections and diseases of the skin.
In the case of food Allergy, it is necessary for the long term to abandon the ingestion of the allergen (if known), as well as all products, which is the probable source of the Allergy (citrus, for that matter, any other exotic vegetables and fruits, strawberries, chocolate). If an Allergy has developed during the introduction of complementary foods, try to adhere to the following rules: you must enter no more than 1 new product in 1-2 weeks. If the child had a negative reaction to a new product, you will know exactly what need to cancel the entered product a week to give the child to rest and begin the introduction of another product. The lure that caused a negative reaction, you can try again in two months. New best food to offer your child at the end of feeding, mixing with the old (familiar to the child) food, starting with a quarter of a teaspoon and gradually increasing the dose.
Contact Allergy can also occur on the components of the detergent, the fabric from which sewed the clothes, or the material from which made the toys. Use baby powder, or baby soap. After washing the last rinse is better to exercise in water that has no chlorine or filtered, or boiled. When bathing even baby soap and shampoo use not more than one, maximum two times a week, because any soap neutralize the fatty protective film which covers the skin.
Allergic dermatitis due to inhalation of house dust particles, various aerosols, animal feed, insecticides occurs in kids less often. But such an Allergy requires parents to be serious, and sometimes hard measures. The rejection of beloved Pets and perfect cleanliness in the house – sometimes the only way out of the situation. You should know that reducing the level of allergens of animal origin in a residential area begins only after a month or two after check-out Pets from the apartment.
Remember that the use of any medicines the child with the child’s diathesis requires special care. Try not to take any medicines without a doctor’s prescription. Remember also that the funds in the form of syrups contain a variety of additives (colors, flavors) that can cause or exacerbate allergies.
Confirming the allergic nature of the rash, the doctor will prescribe an adequate diet. For relief of symptoms of diathesis and reduce the itching children prescribed antihistamines, including outdoor use, and in more severe cases, corticosteroids. If the nature of the allergic reaction is not clear, and the condition remains unimproved for a long time, you may be advised to conduct a skin Allergy tests. Identifying specific allergens and eliminating them from your child’s diet, you can greatly help him. In some cases, appoint the analysis of a feces on a dysbacteriosis. Children with recurrent severe allergic reactions may require allergen specific immunotherapy (SIT).
Prevention of atopic dermatitis
Prevention diathesis includes a long period of breastfeeding and the compliance with lactating woman diet, proper introduction of complementary foods, proper feeding of the child and the timely detection of intestinal dysbiosis. Allergic dermatitis is usually a temporary phenomenon. As the child grows, improving liver and intestines, immune system. There is even the term “outgrow ” Allergy”.