During pregnancy, every woman is faced with the surprises that are associated with health, or with the activity of internal organs. Some of these surprises are pleasant, for example, strengthening hair and nails. And some not so. One of the unpleasant surprises, which could face an expectant mother is allergic. For the first time, it can occur during pregnancy, even if you have not noticed for a such disease.
Pregnancy Allergy Causes
Allergy is the unusual reaction of the immune system to external factors. The immune system of the pregnant works so different than the woman who is not bearing the baby. Resulting in the body’s response to the usual tangerine or pollen cannot be predicted. Allergy during pregnancy may occur as the girls aged 18 to 25, and older women. Of course, the likelihood of allergic reactions after the age of 35 increases.
In the first 12-14 weeks of pregnancy are allergic can be a reaction to the fruit morning sickness, for example. It runs itself when the body gets used to his condition. Also the immune system may react negatively to animals, dust, food, cigarette smoke, cosmetics, chemicals. Because of this hypersensitivity, it should pay more attention to what they eat, and what is around you.
Also the Allergy can worsen Allergy sufferers with experience. If you have previously suffered from allergic reactions, even when planning pregnancy should consult a specialist. You will prescribe a course of treatment that will reduce exacerbation of the disease to a minimum while carrying the baby. Also the good news is that during pregnancy a woman’s body produces more cortisol. This Allergy hormone which reduces the severity of the illness or even brings it down to nothing.
Symptoms of allergy in pregnancy
Symptoms of allergy when nurturing the child is not very different from signs in non-pregnant women. It can be sudden swelling of the throat or lining of the nose. The woman can suddenly start to tear the eyes, she begins to sneeze frequently and without stopping. Common manifestation is coughing. Often when Allergy rash appears.
Depending on the symptoms, the severity of this disease can be divided into 2 groups:
- lightweight (rhinitis, conjunctivitis, urticaria local);
- heavy (General urticaria, angioedema, anaphylactic shock).
Reactions, which are serious manifestations of Allergy, are dangerous because they occur suddenly and are difficult to pregnant. This situation requires resuscitation measures.
The most dangerous manifestation of all of the above – anaphylactic shock. The reaction occurs instantly on any medication or manipulation with the body of the pregnant woman, even an insect bite can lead to death. To save the life of the mother and the baby are here from 2 to 30 minutes. But fortunately such cases are one in a million.
Agioedema is characterized by swelling mucous membranes, skin and subcutaneous tissue. The area, prone – forehead, lips, eyelids, cheeks. Often there is swelling in the feet and hands. If there is swelling of the lining of the digestive tract, can be severe pain in the stomach, nausea and vomiting.
Any case requires consultation with the allergist. Only a specialist can assess the severity of your disease and prescribe treatment depending on your symptoms, your General condition and tolerance of medicines.
How allergies affect your pregnancy and baby
Any change in the body of a pregnant woman brings with caution and lots of questions. Especially if it’s the first pregnancy. If you have any allergies before, we could just go to the drugstore and purchase any medication, it is now in the first place is to think about how it will affect the fetus. Remember, Allergy medication during pregnancy should only pick up the doctor.
The Allergy has no effect on the fetus. Allergens (agents of disease) not capable of penetrating through the placenta. Their influence is shown by the fact that the child may in the future, after birth, to begin a negative reaction to those substances which affect the mother during pregnancy. That is, an Allergy is a disease which can be inherited. But it is not 100% guarantee that the baby will be allergic. He can take over daddy’s genes.
And here are the results of our self-medication can be disastrous. Many medications can cause malformations of the nervous system, heart. Taking wrong medications can disrupt the blood flow between mother and child. And this is the main source of life of the baby. It may be lack of nutrients or oxygen.
Also the negative effects of allergies during pregnancy can occur if it leads to complications General health of the mother. If it leads to the development of bronchial asthma, anaphylactic shock, then it makes breathing difficult. And the lack of oxygen can lead to hypoxia of the fetus. And, of course, uncomfortable with the runny nose, cough, watery eyes, fatigue also have a negative impact on the baby. If the mother is indisposed, then the child feels it.
How to diagnose and treat allergies in pregnant women
According to experts an Allergy is a disease of civilization. About 25% of the population today suffer from this disease. And if we talk about pregnant women, 45% of women in an interesting position to complain of an allergic reaction. At statement on the account in female consultation with you always conduct interviews to identify the level of risk and the likelihood of allergies during the first 9 months of carrying a child.
In most cases, the Allergy is determined after inspection and in the presence of characteristic symptoms. In the presence of symptoms, the doctor usually asks questions that help to define the stimulus. Then prescribe tests and treatment.
If you want to define the reaction to some substance without the presence of obvious signs, you can conduct a skin test. To do this, under the skin lead a small amount of allergenic substances. If within half an hour no reaction to it, so the body will not react adversely to it.
Cure Allergy in pregnancy it is almost impossible to cope with her symptoms.Most cases of irritant from the environment of a pregnant end with no allergic reactions. Thus, during pregnancy, the first thing to do for allergies is to avoid contact with allergens.
The choice of drugs from allergies during pregnancy is conducted especially carefully. Their main goal is a quick, but harmless for the fetus to save the mother from the symptoms. There are a number of medications that can ease the symptoms of the disease and not to have a negative impact on the fetus, but they should only deal with the doctor.
A fairly common reaction to any substance may be a skin rash. In pregnant women it most often appears on the abdomen. Dangerous is the fact that rashes can itch, swell and burst. And this is the risk of infection. In this case, the doctor may prescribe an ointment to relieve itching and other symptoms. However for external use can have a negative impact on the baby no less than the pills and syrups, so you cannot choose them yourself.
Factors that cause allergies in pregnancy
Pregnancy is a new life of your body. He completely rearranges her work to the needs of a baby which grows inside. His reaction to even your favorite sweater can become the most incredible.
During pregnancy, you should be careful with food, clothes, cosmetics, chemicals, which clean room. Even the environment can cause allergies.
Fods Allergy during pregnancy can cause citrus, chocolate, exotic fruits and vegetables that you are trying for the first time, some types of fish. Better not to tempt fate and not to include in your diet anything new until carry and feed the baby.
Allergy to animal, the coat of cats and dogs, feathers can also be a causative agent. If you have a pet, it is best during pregnancy to give it away to friends or relatives.
Strong stress on, anxiety, chemical industry and metallurgy in your area – these are the first sources of development of an Allergy to harmful environmental manifestations. And still small but dangerous insects can cause allergies. Often a bee sting, which was previously harmless to you, can cause swelling at the bite site, fever and even anaphylactic shock.
During pregnancy many women (especially those with chronic diseases) are several drugs. Sometimes it is a necessity, and sometimes the simple desire of the pregnant woman. Plus mandatory vitamins and other supplements needed by the body. Often these medications cause the development of allergies.
Allergy Prevention in Pregnancy
- to give up all bad habits. This is especially true of Smoking. In addition to allergies it has a negative impact on the development of the baby’s lungs and can lead to intrauterine growth retardation. Often children of Smoking mothers suffer from bronchial asthma, pneumonia
- to Carry out wet cleaning of the room every day. Once a week, beat out the rugs, pillows, blankets. You can even like animals, clean up the house for a while curtains, carpets. They collect a lot of dust and mites living in it, is the first source of allergies;
- to Minimize contact with all animals. This applies for both domestic and wild;
- do Not experiment with food. Eat what you know your body’s response. Less citrus. Choose what will be useful, but not allergena. For example, give preference to kiwi, but not the lemon or orange. In kiwi more vitamin C but less likely that it will cause an allergic reaction.
As for the prevention of Allergy in the newborn, the best means, than breast milk to be found. Mother’s milk is a source of substances that help to deal with allergens. Even if during pregnancy you had an Allergy, now you have antibodies to it, and you can pass it to their child.
Thus, any manifestations of Allergy should immediately consult a physician. If you don’t know what it is or where in your town it takes, seek the advice of a gynecologist. Even if you have successfully treated allergies yourself, don’t take your old medications. Now we need to think not only about the suppression of symptoms, but also about the impact of medications on the fetus and the consequences of allergies.
Any illness can be overcome if we do it right, consulting a doctor. Prevention of allergies may also help you not to suffer this disease all 9 months. If you have allergies with experience, then the correct behavior, nutrition and lifestyle during pregnancy can lead to the fact that it will be your Allergy medication. Be aware that if the relief of allergic reactions occurred in one pregnancy, and the subsequent will be the same.
Think about your health and the health of the child!