Pediatric dentistry

The baby grow teeth – how to relieve the pain

The baby grow teeth - how to relieve the pain

Teething in children in the vast majority of cases begins at the age of 4-7 months and takes place in more or less the exact sequence (incisors, premolars, canines, molars). Many children during teething become restless and Moody. Often during teething the child has excessive salivation occurs, the gum disease, there is fever, mild runny nose, wet cough, or diarrhea.
For teething relief, it is recommended to give the child special rubber rings or toys for the development of the gums, and in the case of severe soreness of the gums use a special anesthetic gels.

In what terms and in what order a number appears first teeth?

The development of teeth begins in the womb, when fetuses develop the gums of the teeth rudiments.
Contrary to popular belief that teeth should erupt at a given time and in strict sequence, in fact, no hard and fast deadlines and a clear order of appearance of teeth in children does not exist. The appearance of the teeth, and in other parameters of development of the child (weight gain, growth in height, closure of Fontanelle), varies strongly depending on the characteristics of the organism of the child and his parents.
For example, the teeth can erupt and newborn children (about one child in 2000 is born with one or two teeth) or, also rare, may be absent until the age of 15-16 months and more.
The vast majority of children’s first teeth appear at about 4-7 months, so small deviations from this deadline must not disturb the parents.

Many experts believe that there is a genetic link between how and when the teeth appear, the parents (especially the mother) and their children. Therefore, if you teeth appeared late, there is a high probability that your children’s teeth will also appear later than their peers. However, this does not necessarily and should not consider it a rule.

Generally, teeth appear in the following order: first the incisors (upper and lower), second incisors (upper and lower), the first large molars (upper and lower), canines (top and bottom) and, finally, the second large molars (upper and lower). To 3 years of age, the child must have a complete row of 20 teeth, which do not have to occur until approximately 6 years, when you are ready to cut the permanent teeth.

How are your teeth? What symptoms can be caused by teething?

As well as the timing of teething, the symptoms that accompany this process can be very different in different children and even to change, from time to time, in one and the same child. For many children and their parents, the teething process is quite complex and painful, in other cases, the child during the entire time with no sign of the appearance of the teeth, and the happy parents notice his “new clothes” by accident.

First signs of teething

First signs of teethingThe first signs of teething is a strong salivation, painful, swollen gums. These symptoms of teething can appear a month or two before the tooth can be seen. Because of the discomfort and pain some children may be restless sleep, be Moody, lose appetite and show a desire to chew on various solid items or keep your fingers in your mouth.

Closer to the time of appearance of the tooth, on the gums, you may notice whitish protrusion or a thin white line, which produce the characteristic ringing clatter, if it is to gently tap a teaspoon (sometimes doing some adventurous parents).

Diarrhea, runny nose, cough and fever as symptoms of teething

The views of doctors on whether teething symptoms such as diarrhea, runny nose, moist cough and fever apart.

Despite the fact that in certain cases, the relationship between the deterioration of a child and the appearance of the teeth almost obvious, most doctors do not include a fever, runny nose, cough and diarrhea to the list of possible signs of teething. This attitude has a logical explanation: in many cases, eruption of teeth in children can last the first 2-3 years of life and coincides with the period of greatest risk of various infections, therefore, wrong and dangerous “to write off” every episode of temperature, cough, runny nose or diarrhea to teething.

However, fever, runny nose, mild diarrhea, and productive cough on the background of the eruption of teeth is possible and occurs quite often.

Temperature Rise during teething is associated with release of large amounts of biologically active substances in the growth area of the tooth. In most cases, the temperature increase during the eruption of the teeth does not exceed 38.5 – 39, and lasts no more than 1-2 days. To reduce fever in children it is recommended to use Paracetamol. Cm. also the Temperature

In all cases, when the temperature of the child exceeds 39 or lasts more than 2 days you should see a doctor.

Occurrence of diarrhea during teething is due to the strong production of saliva (the child swallows a lot of saliva) and the acceleration of intestinal peristalsis. Diarrhea on the background of teething, as a rule, watery, not very frequent (2-3 times a day) and lasts no more than 1-3 days.

In all cases, when a child has frequent watery or bloody diarrhea (more than 3 times per day), characteristic of intestinal infection should be shown to a doctor. Cm. also Diarrhea.

Runny nose while teething due to an increased secretion of mucus glands of the nasal cavity. The rhinitis against the background of teething watery (mucus transparent and fluid), not very abundant and lasts no more than 3-4 days. Treatment of rhinitis in children during teething it is better to limit the cleansing of nose from mucus. Cm. also a Runny nose.

In all cases, when the child has purulent (greenish or whitish runny nose) which is accompanied by severe nasal congestion and lasts more than 3 days – you must show the child’s doctor.

Appearance wet cough during teething – due to the congestion in the throat of saliva, which is released in large quantities during teething.
Wet cough during dentition are relatively rare, increases in the supine position and disappears within 2-3 days. This cough does not require any treatment.

In all cases, when a wet cough in a child is frequent, is accompanied by the allocation of copious sputum, rales in the bronchi shortness of breath and lasts more than 2 days – you should show the child’s doctor. Cm. also Cough

In order not to confuse teething with any disease we recommend that all inexperienced parents to call a doctor in all cases of fever, onset of runny nose, diarrhea or cough in children.

How can I help my child during teething?

How can I help my child during teethingIn this difficult for the child period, parents must support him, often to take on hands, to caress, to distract from the pain with interesting activities. If the child is breastfed, it is easy to appease by offering him the breast. The majority of children breastfed during the teething asked chest a lot more often compared to regular days. Should not deny the child and especially don’t need to try in these days to establish any schedule or try to wean child from the breast. Usually, such a “difficult period” lasts no more than 2-3 days.

During the period of teething children are often tempted to chew or to chew something. This helps them to ease discomfort. Invite a child with a special rubber ring, or other elastic rubber toy. Many sources recommend cooling the rubber ring in the freezer before giving it to the child. However, it is worth noting that many children don’t like cold objects or not interested in special toys to warm up gums and choose their own favorite subject. In this case it is not necessary to insist and to give the child a special ring. Just make sure that the selected child object had sharp ends, which the child could cut myself, or small parts that he can choke on. Some babies during teething prefer to gnaw a crust of bread or a bagel.

Children very quickly switch from one mood to another. Just weeping in the power of a child can laugh and Vice versa. So the best way to ease the pain the child is to distract him from her. Look for the child an interesting exercise, play with him, walk and he will quickly forget about his discomfort. Do not think that if you, when you feel bad, prefer to lie in silence and relax, then the child is to be the best option.

Gel for teething relief

In the case of severe soreness of the gums, which symptoms of severe crying, anxiety, refusal of food, you can use special gels (Kalgel, Kamistad), designed to eliminate the pain during teething. Such gels can be easily applied to baby’s gums with your finger, gently massaging and rubbing up to 6 times per day.

What to do when you grow up teeth baby

As mentioned above, if your child has such symptoms as high fever, severe cold, frequent diarrhea or other signs of disease that are kept more than 1-2 days, be sure to show the child the doctor. There are cases when doctors could not find any disease and then we can assume that this could be caused by teething. However, in many cases, these symptoms are caused by serious disease, such as, for example, otitis, food poisoning, viral infection, etc. So do not immediately write off the symptoms on teething, because you might miss a serious disease that may end in very unpleasant consequences. The body of a small child not yet able to cope with many diseases, therefore, if you have obvious signs of disease better to consult a doctor than to ask too late.

From all the above manifestations of the eruption of teeth requires treatment only temperature and only if it is lifting above 38.5? Runny nose, cough, or diarrhea caused by teething, do not require any treatment.

Reviewed by the QSota Medical Advisory Board