Blood pressure 110/90 – the pressure created by the blood flow on the vascular wall. The sum of the systolic (upper) pressure and diastolic (bottom). Systolic pressure is the pressure in the vessels at the time of contraction of the heart. Its value affects the strength of contraction, resistance to the flow of blood in the vascular wall and the number of heartbeats per unit of time. Diastolic pressure is created in the vessels at the time of relaxation of the heart. Its magnitude depends on the resistance vessels.
Normal blood pressure
Normal systolic blood pressure is 100-139 mm Hg, diastolic 60-89 mm Hg. Lowering blood pressure below 139/89 is called hypertension. To increase or decrease immediately and systolic and diastolic pressure. But it may be an isolated increase or decrease in either systolic or diastolic blood pressure.
Isolated diastolic hypertension
In this particular case, the pressure of 110/90 is an isolated diastolic arterial hypertension. But such a diagnosis is not put, if the increase in diastolic pressure is recorded 1 time. If diastolic pressure consistently exceeds normal levels for several days, you should consult a doctor.
Types isolated diastolic hypertension
- Arterial hypertension (based on other disease of internal organs, and blood pressure rises again),
- Independent hypertension (primarily increased blood pressure, and again suffer the internal organs).
Causes of symptomatic arterial hypertension can be some kidney diseases (pyelonephritis, glomerulonephritis, polycystic kidney disease, amyloidosis), endocrine disorders (pheochromocytoma – tumor of adrenal gland), and others Causes hypertension can be a genetic predisposition, overweight, Smoking, alcohol intake, consumption of large amounts of salt, physical inactivity and stress.
Blood pressure 110/90 – what to do?
For suspected isolated diastolic hypertension, you must consult a doctor to determine its cause. First, a search for disease causing symptomatic arterial hypertension. In the case of diagnosis of any of this group of diseases is assigned etiotropic treatment (treatment of the underlying disease), after which hypertension should pass on their own. If all these diseases are eliminated, it is possible to diagnose hypertension with isolated increase in diastolic blood pressure.
Treatment of hypertension begins with the correction of body weight, lifestyle, nutrition.
If timely diagnosed and treated properly, blood pressure should decrease to normal values. While maintaining it at this level, prognosis is favorable. In the case of late presentation to the doctor or failure to comply with a patient’s prescribed treatment, the disease will progress. In this it affects the target organs (heart, kidneys, arteries, brain). This can lead to stroke, myocardial infarction, heart failure, kidney failure, gangrene of extremities, aortic dissection, blurred vision.
Blood pressure 110/90 – Treatment
If the above methods do not help, assigned to medical therapy. For the treatment of hypertension is assigned to the following groups of drugs:
- ACE Inhibitors (enalapril),
- Diuretics (hydrochlorothiazide, spironolactone),
- Beta-blockers (metoprolol, atenolol),
- calcium Antagonists (amlodipine, diltiazem),
- Antagonists of angiotensin II (losartan).
Only a doctor can properly choose the appropriate drugs and medicines. Make the preparations you need every day strictly according to the scheme specified by the physician.