Many people who care about their health, concerned about blood pressure numbers. In order to properly assess your condition, you need to know what is normal and what condition can be dangerous.
When the same indicators, for example, blood pressure is 130/110 mm Hg, some feel good, someone gets the symptoms of a hypertensive crisis or signs of hypotension.
What blood pressure is considered normal?
The normal pressure at which the top digit is less than 140, the lower value does not exceed 89.
Consider the case when the top value is 130, and the lower is 80. It is a high normal blood pressure.
When the age is approaching 40-50 years, such indicators are observed in most people.
Health is not affected. This can be with the young people, something normal.
Another thing, when people have lived all my life with blood pressure 110 over 70 and below. At higher rates symptoms as in hypertension.
There are hypertensive patients with the experience, accustomed to the fact that the monitor shows 150 over 90 or above, they felt themselves satisfactorily. Lower numbers are transferred is hard, there is a General weakness and dizziness.
If the first digit on the blood-pressure is 130, and the second – 90, this indicates the presence of hypertension. Despite the fact that the first indicator is placed in norm, pay attention to the largest amount, and 90 is a lot. In this case, diagnosed arterial hypertension of 1 degree.
Another possible combination of indicators, when the top value is 130, while the bottom 110. According to the modern classification is consistent with arterial hypertension of 2 degrees.
There is a predominant increase in diastolic blood pressure.
Possible causes of Hypertension:
- increased tone of peripheral vessels, often due to atherosclerotic lesions;
- pathology of the kidneys and renal arteries, resulting in blood comes substances that cause vasoconstriction and increase of pressure;
- genetic predisposition.
The detection of high pressure, it is important to understand that it is not always immediately diagnosed with hypertension.
In some people this happens occasionally: exposure to stress and after intense exercise. This indicates the predisposition to the development of disease.
If you do not change the way of life, not to eliminate other risk factors, hypertension is inevitable, especially if the diastolic pressure 100 mm Hg.
When persistent high blood pressure, revealed changes in the kidneys, heart or blood vessels fundus the diagnosis of hypertension is not in doubt. There is already required a decision on whether to take antihypertensive drugs or not.
Symptoms of High blood pressure
Despite the fact that the numbers are low, may cause unpleasant symptoms, especially if the bottom pressure rises to 90 – 100 mm Hg. But someone with such indicators is alive and feels great. This is the normal working pressure.
Signs of high blood pressure:
- headaches mostly in the occipital region;
- nausea with vomiting;
- discomfort or pressing pains in the precordial region;
- flashing dots before my eyes;
- can occur nosebleeds.
When the difference between the systolic and diastolic pressure is small, and it is observed if the lower value reaches 100, the health may suffer greater than 90.
Blood pressure is 130/110 – need to be treated?
In identifying the normal high pressure in a healthy person, no treatment is shown. The only advice – to conduct a correct way of life. But in some cases it is important to maintain indicators of less than 130 80.
This is necessary with concomitant diabetes mellitus and kidney disease, which are assigned to antihypertensive medications.
If the blood pressure 130 to 110 mm Hg, appears sporadically, continuous medication is not required.
When the diagnosis of hypertension of 1 degree, there are no risk factors for the development of cardiovascular complications, or 1-2, it is recommended that non-pharmacological treatment.
Tips for treatment of blood pressure:
- a balanced diet with a decrease in the volume of fluid and salt intake;
- sufficient physical activity;
- struggle with being overweight;
- get rid of bad habits;
- to avoid stressful situations.
It is enough to bring the health back to normal. Expectant management lasts from several weeks to six months. If the pressure is normal, then assigned to the appropriate therapy.