High blood pressure is also known as hypertension. Blood pressure is the amount of force exerted against the walls of the arteries as blood flows through them.
Blood pressure is the measure of the force of blood pushing against blood vessel walls. The heart pumps blood into the arteries (blood vessels), which carry the blood throughout the body. High blood pressure is dangerous because it makes the heart work harder to pump blood out to the body and contributes to hardening of the arteries, or atherosclerosis, to stroke, kidney disease, and to the development of heart failure
If a person has high blood pressure it means that the walls of the arteries are receiving too much pressure repeatedly – the pressure needs to be chronically elevated for a diagnosis of hypertension to be confirmed.
Blood Pressure 140/100
Hypertension is a disease that is second in prevalence. This pathology affects people of different ages, but each year it affects more the young generation.
Blood pressure 140 over 100 is the initial stage of hypertension. The danger of the disease that most people know about hypertension only while visiting hospitals and start treatment only when they develop stage 1 hypertension.
At first the patient complains of dizziness and headache that occur due to spasm of blood vessels of the brain, insomnia, weakness and tinnitus.
If you do not pay timely attention to these symptoms, you may develop heart failure, angina, stroke, heart attack, kidney failure.
All these diseases destroy the body, endangering the vital organs (kidney, heart and brain).
Parameters are normal and high blood pressure
Normal blood pressure is 110/70 and 120/80 mm of mercury. article Pressure 140 over 100 is considered hypertensive in the first degree, 160/100, the second (moderate) stage, and 180/110 or above is the third (heavy) phase.
For high blood pressure disturbed the permeability of the arteries and blood vessels atrophy.
If the systolic (top) pressure of 140, manifest cardiac disorders (ischemia, angina or myocardial infarction).
When disturbed diastolic (lower) pressure, the occur the pathological changes in the vessels of the brain (impaired attention, memory processes, up to the stroke).
Pressure 140 100 require careful observation and if you feel unwell, you need to lower the pressure with drugs.
Causes of Blood Pressure 140/100
Still difficult to establish the exact cause of this disease. Often hypertension is a multifactorial disease. Most often systolic pressure of 140 or above occurs because:
- age-related disturbances in the body;
- stress and anxiety;
- excessive fatigue;
- lack of sleep;
- kidney and heart;
- malfunction of the endocrine glands;
- improper diet;
- disease of the intestine;
- genetic predisposition;
- sedentary lifestyle.
Symptoms blood pressure 140 over 100
Main symptoms: constant headache, dizziness, urge to vomit, a strong pulsation in the temporal region, noise in the ears, darkening in the eyes, weakness, fatigue, increased heart rate, long-pressing pain in the heart.
If hypertension is asymptomatic, it indicates an early stage of the disease.
To prevent the transition to the second stage, it is important to regularly measure blood pressure. In this case, doctors prescribe a daily monitoring of the pressure at least 1 time a day.
When the indices increase above 140/100, it is important to ask the therapist for advice and the purpose of individual treatment.
How to lower blood pressure
First and foremost, it is important to cure the diseases that cause hypertension. In order to identify the causes of hypertension you need to seek medical help and avoid self-medication.
The main drugs in the treatment of hypertension: Enalapril, Papazol, Captopril.
But these medications do not cure hypertension, but only lower systolic and diastolic performance, so often these medications are prescribed to drink each day.
Patients suffering from hypertension should follow a proper lifestyle, give up bad habits — Smoking and alcohol, actively engaged in physical labor, to go to the gym, to get rid of excess weight, walking more and walking, to reduce the use of salt to one teaspoon a day.
If the patient has been a surge in blood pressure, then you must apply the above tips.But it is important to remember that the self-lowering of systolic and diastolic indicators need to be performed carefully, because if a strong shock with high numbers to low, you may receive severe weakness, dizziness, nausea, vomiting and even coma.
What to do if the indicators on the blood pressure cuff constantly locks 140/100 and above? In this case, you can use the tips from the point of medicine.
For this you need to massage in circular motions for 1 minute point which is located in the region of the ear lobe at a distance of 0.7 cm from ear to nose.
Through this exercise the blood pressure will decrease slowly and will not have complications.
Also an easy way to lower the indicators of drinking green or red tea. With a slight jump can help decoctions and teas made of soothing herbs (lavender, motherwort, valerian) or tincture of hawthorn.