High blood pressure is also known as hypertension. Blood pressure is the amount of force exerted against the walls of the arteries as blood flows through them.
Blood pressure is the measure of the force of blood pushing against blood vessel walls. The heart pumps blood into the arteries (blood vessels), which carry the blood throughout the body. High blood pressure is dangerous because it makes the heart work harder to pump blood out to the body and contributes to hardening of the arteries, or atherosclerosis, to stroke, kidney disease, and to the development of heart failure
If a person has high blood pressure it means that the walls of the arteries are receiving too much pressure repeatedly – the pressure needs to be chronically elevated for a diagnosis of hypertension to be confirmed.
Very high blood pressure can cause symptoms such as headache, nausea and vomiting, mental confusion, vision changes, chest pain, or shortness of breath. If you notice any of these symptoms along with a blood pressure above 180/110, your high blood pressure is considered a hypertensive emergency.
Blood Pressure 240/140
With a blood pressure of 240/140 likely to develop symptoms of hypertension. With this blood pressure is dangerous to their lifestyle and urgently needed medicines to lower blood pressure.
For patients with blood pressure 240 over 140 requires monitoring by the doctor and constant medication to lower blood pressure.
For high blood pressure it is important to follow the diet and lifestyle. With a high blood pressure you should reduce your salt intake (no more than 5 grams per day), fatty foods also should not be included in your diet. Water intake should be 1 liter per day and more.
While high blood pressure can be symptoms:
- fever, the patient becomes hot;
- redness of the skin;
- headaches, dizziness;
- noise in the ears;
- pain in the eyes;
- shortness of breath;
BP 240/140 usually observed in patients:
- men over 55, women over the age of 60 years;
- with high levels of cholesterol in the blood;
- smoking people;
- people who are overweight;
- patients with diabetes;
- people with a sedentary lifestyle.
The patient must undergo a physical examination in the clinic to identify the causes of high blood pressure 240 to 140 and indicators of the course of treatment. In the case of high blood pressure and a sharp deterioration you need to call an ambulance – because when BP 240/140 a very high risk of hypertensive crisis (especially if blood pressure raised quickly).