Chest pain in children may indicate the presence of dangerous diseases:
- Sudden sharp stabbing chest pain
- Psychogenic chest pain
- Pain in skin diseases
- Pain of muscular origin
- Pain in lesions of the spine
- Pain in diseases of the lungs
- Pain in cardiovascular diseases
- Pain in lesions of the esophagus
Which diseases there is pain in the chest in children:
The majority of the children ever complained of chest pain. You should find out the exact location of the pain, as the child often calls the chest epigastric region of the abdomen. The following are the important details: what is the impact of traffic on the character of the pain whether they are experiencing muscle tension after a meal, when physical work or during sleep, whether the child suffers from bronchial asthma.
Sudden sharp stabbing chest pain: this condition is characterized by colicky pain in lower part of your chest, usually on one side or in the upper abdomen. Usually occurs after meals, during physical stress. The reason for this pain is the tension of the ligaments of the peritoneum (the membrane covering the abdominal cavity), which are connected with the diaphragm.
Help: reassure the child, let him rest. After a while the pain should subside spontaneously.
Psychogenic chest pain: if any of adult members of the family always complains about chest pain, the child may begin to imitate them. Such pain does not occur when the baby sleeps or plays.
Help: try to distract the child by talking or playing.
Pain in skin disease: chest pain can occur with herpes zoster. In this case, the skin you may notice a rash in the form of grouped red bumps or bubbles. In addition, there is fever and swollen lymph nodes.
Help: as herpes zoster is an infectious disease, it is best to call the doctor at home and not to drive the child to the clinic, where it can infect other children.
Pain of muscular origin: a common cause of complaints of chest pain in children injuries or viral myalgia (inflammation of the muscles, caused by a viral infection).
Pain usually occur unexpectedly, have a clear localization. The muscles in the affected area painful on palpation. Other painful symptoms.
Help: helps the overlay heat (hot water bottle, woolen cloth) on the affected area. When severe pain you can give rastolchennoy Aspirin or Panadol. Dose prescribed by the doctor after examination.
Pain in lesions of the spine: a disease of the cartilage of the ribs (costochondritis), lesions of the vertebrae trauma, tuberculosis, or rheumatoid arthritis results in the impairment of nerve and pain in the chest.
Help: to eliminate the causes of pain need to treat the underlying disease.
Pain in diseases of the lungs: pneumonia, complicated by inflammation of the pleura (membrane lining the chest cavity), causes severe, knife-like pains that are aggravated by vigorous breathing and give in the shoulder.
Help: inflammation of the pleura infectious nature often occurs in severe inflammation of the lungs. The child needs urgent hospitalization.
Pain in cardiovascular diseases: rheumatism, tuberculosis, after acute respiratory infections may develop pericarditis (inflammation of the membrane covering the heart) or myocarditis (inflammation of the heart muscle tissue). The pain is usually a dull, aching without clear localization, may radiate to the shoulder or neck. It increases with swallowing and with vigorous respiratory movements. In heart thus tapped noise, synchronous with the heart beats.
Help: child, be sure to consult at the doctor. Upon confirmation of the diagnosis requires hospitalization.
Pain in lesions of the esophagus: pain in the sternum can be caused by inflammation of the esophagus (esophagitis), if the child swallowed, irritating the mucosa.
Other causes of pain are a foreign body in the esophagus (for example, fish bone), paraesophageal hernia, esophageal ulcer. Pain worse on swallowing in the supine position or when bending forward. In addition, a child may be difficulty swallowing, vomiting blood, stools black, or excessive salivation.
Help: the child requires endoscopic examination of the esophagus, which can only be done in the clinic or hospital. If the symptoms are terrifying, for example, sharp pain when swallowing, vomiting blood, you should call an ambulance.