Allergic to cow’s protein is one of the most common allergies in infants, on average, a cow’s milk protein Allergy occurs in 5% of children. It’s important to distinguish Allergy to cow’s protein intolerance to cow’s protein. A milk Allergy occurs due to the fact that the immune system sees the cow protein as foreign and includes the body’s defenses and cause the cow’s protein intolerance is a problem digesting milk.
In most cases, an Allergy to milk do not threaten the life and health, but can bring a lot of inconvenience both to the baby and parents. In about half of cases of milk Allergy occur in the first year of baby’s life, and, most often, for 3-5 years, but, sometimes, the Allergy can last a lifetime.
Cow’s milk Allergy in children
Children who are on artificial feeding are more prone to allergic to cow’s protein. If the child is breastfed, the Allergy can occur if milk is present in the diet of the mother, but the incidence of Allergy in children breastfeeding is very low (less than 1% of all registered cases).
Allergy milk is very diverse, ranging from rashes on the face, and ending with digestive disorders, but most often symptoms of Allergy are manifested in the complex. 50% of kids are observed skin rashes: urticaria, peeling, atopic dermatitis, facial swelling. In other 50% cases are manifested intestinal disorders: vomiting, intestinal colic, vomiting,diarrhea or constipation. Also in children there may be rhinitis, cough, shortness of breath. The first signs of Allergy occur a few weeks after the introduction in the menu of the baby cow’s milk or adapted milk mixture. It is important to distinguish lactose deficiency and allergies, but in some cases a combination of these diseases.
The diagnosis must be made based on full history taking: evaluation of allergic symptoms in the child, the presence of Allergy in parents, presence of comorbidities, poor weight gain.
After collecting of the anamnesis the doctor prescribes allegory to detect in the blood of immunoglobulin E to cow’s protein.
One of the stages of diagnosis is the exclusion of cow’s protein from the diet of the child. For accurate diagnosis sometimes requires a provocative test. It should be done only under the close supervision of medical personnel.
Modern adapted formulas are mostly made on the basis of the cow’s protein – casein. If a baby is allergic to milk or lactose insufficiency, they these mixtures are not suitable. In this case the mixture are selected on the basis of hydrolysis of protein or the mixture, which is based on the amino acid.
If you are allergic to cow’s protein, you can use a mixture, where the base is soy protein. The advantage of these mixtures is a relatively low price. The downside is the fact that, and also soy protein is a potential allergen. If the baby is less than 6 months, the mixture of soy protein are contradicted. An Allergy to soy protein is developed in the form of digestive disorders and gastrointestinal tract.
Goat milk in the diet of a child
Another alternative to the mixtures on cow protein is a mixture based on goat milk. But not all believe that these compounds are worthy replacement, American pediatricians forbid if you are allergic to cow’s protein to use these mixtures, the basis of these mixtures is whole milk.
Should be excluded from the child’s diet fish, nuts and eggs, if child breastfed, became allergic to cow’s protein. A month later the child will feel better. If there is no improvement, you should use a mixture on the basis of hydrolysis of protein, and if they don’t help, then the best choice is a mixture, which is based on the amino acid.
Most often need lifelong diet that excludes milk products not.
Adapted infant formulas, appointed for the purpose of Allergy treatment, are imposed for a period of 6-12 months, after which the child transferred to a regular mix. The change of the mixture should take place under the supervision of a pediatrician. If the Allergy is apparent, then another 6 months is appointed therapeutic mixture.
Complementary foods in the presence of Allergy to cow protein is introduced no earlier than six months. With eggs, cheese, fish are introduced into your baby’s diet no earlier than a year.