Many kids years to have crooked legs O-shaped, which after one and a half years goes into X-shaped. What is the reason? Is it possible to fix crooked legs? And what exercises and routines useful to do with the baby, so his legs were slender, strong, healthy?
Curves legs: inherited from parents
In normal, if to straighten the baby’s legs, knee joints and inner ankle must converge. In the presence of X-shaped curvature, called doctors valgus deformity, crooked legs, touching at the knees, divergent downwards.
Many parents consider such a deformation is hereditary and often starts the problem, significantly complicating its correction in the future.
However, contrary to popular belief, curved legs with X-shaped position of the deformation are acquired and not innate. Such deformation is usually a sign of rickets. When this condition is violated the growth and formation of bone tissue.
Because of the lack of calcium and its fixation in bones, due to deficiency of vitamin D3, rickets leads to softening of bones and weakening of the muscles that causes curvature and deformity of the spine, chest, skull, legs. The biggest changes are the baby’s legs, because they are under a greater load when the baby begins to stand and walk. It was during this period, the curvature becomes noticeable.
Since children with X-shaped curved legs bones and muscles are weaker, full of kids, the curvature may increase due to the extra weight — it creates an additional burden. Limit consumption of sugary foods and flour and flour!
To aggravate the deformation may and haste parents wishing to quickly see the first steps of your fidgets. Starting to put the baby on his feet before he is ready, or often landing him in a Walker, mom and dad heavily load the immature musculoskeletal system. Do not rush, give children a chance to gather strength.
Curves of the leg: to treat or not?
Despite the seeming harmlessness, X-shaped curvature of the legs is not just a small cosmetic defect. If untreated, it can cause additional problems.
So, with rickets of the baby is often shaped PLANO-valgus feet, because leg muscles weaken and can’t hold a normal shape. In this case, X-shaped curvature may significantly worsen the situation. Due to incorrect position of the legs there is an additional load on knee and ankle joints that may eventually lead to pain in the legs (usually they appear in the advanced school age), as well as the curvature of the spine.
So, like any disease, deformity requires treatment.
How to treat crooked legs in a child?
To get rid of this problem, conservative methods in adulthood is almost impossible. Will need surgery. Fortunately, with the kids all the easier as the child grows and his bones grow.
In order to align the X-shaped crooked legs, we have to eliminate their main enemy — the rickets. So first of all kids prescribe the procedures for the normalization of exchange of calcium and phosphorus in the body. Usually up to 2.5 years of treatment with vitamin D3.
If by this age, crooked legs do not acquire the normal form, use a special plaster bandage. They stretch the outer lateral ligament of the knee, which reduces the pressure of the femur on the tibia (the bones forming the knee joint). With decreasing pressure the bones begin to grow faster, and the once crooked legs are gradually aligned. This happens as the child grows, so the treatment requires a lot of patience — the process usually takes 1.5–2 years.
Additionally, kids prescribed treatment, strengthening muscles: massage, medical gymnastics, physiotherapy.
Besides, kids have to go in hard orthopedic Shoe that will securely fix the foot in the correct position.
Treatment of crooked legs: a massage
In addition to the foot massage each treatment also includes massage of the back and buttocks of the baby. It is important to strengthen the muscles of the entire musculoskeletal system!
In addition (but not instead) you can perform easy home massage. Putting your baby on his back and start stroking with a thumb, moving on the inner edge of the foot and lower leg to the knee. Then in the same direction will gently kneading and light tapping movements.
How to straighten crooked legs: exercise
Not less important and therapeutic exercise (physical therapy). Kids with X-shaped curved legs, it is useful to perform exercises with load on the outer edge of the foot.
And that baby was fun to do, turn exercises into a game.
The Exercise, “The Tightrope Walker”. Show your toddler how deftly walks on the thin rope of a circus acrobat. Offer to try to walk the same plank or walkway, lined with bright flat figures on the floor. This exercise will help you to learn to put stops close to each other.
Exercise “Bruin Bear”. Of course, pigeon-toed gait of a bear is not perfect, but very well suited in order to trample on the outer sides of the feet. In addition, it is quite funny. So the kid would be happy to waddle from foot to foot. Don’t forget that these bears go barefoot.
Exercise “a visit To the Turkish Sultan”. When a baby is watching a cartoon about Aladdin or listens to Oriental fairy tale, and ask him to become with the Sultan, sitting in Turkish: combining feet and knees apart to the sides. Stretch the right muscles!
A good workout for the muscles will also provide Cycling, playing on the monkey bars, swimming.
And that’s a long time to stand still, especially with wide-set legs, to sit, turning the lower leg outward, not worth it.
How to fix crooked legs: physiotherapy
If in addition to X-shaped curves of the legs of the baby is present PLANO-valgus feet (often these problems “go a pair”), in addition to massage and physical therapy for training the weak muscles, the doctor may prescribe a course of electrical stimulation. What is this procedure?
Electrical stimulation occurs using current pulses of varying duration, which causes contraction of the muscles, improves blood circulation in them, stimulates their physical activity. During pauses, the muscles relax. The procedure is safe, but it shall not be performed if the baby has a fever, acute infectious or inflammatory disease, irritated or injured skin at the place of electrode application.