Dishidros or dyshidrotic eczema – a chronic skin disease characterized by blockage of the sweat glands and the violation of their functions. Is a type of eczema. First described in 1873.
Causes of pompholyx
The exact causes of the disease at this period is unknown. The acute dyshidrotic eczema usually occur in autumn and spring time, it is in these days an increasing number of patients with this pathology. Aggravating factors are chronic illness, stress, skin contact with aggressive chemicals.
Symptoms of pompholyx
The active period lasts from weeks to months. The process begins with fine, which may be the size of a pinhead, vesicles (bubbles) like grains of sago. They are located in groups. More postural stages of the bubbles coalesce, appear eroded surface sites of skin damage (close and melkoplastinchatym its peeling), cracks.
Elements usually located on the inner surfaces of the brushes (the side surfaces of the fingers, palms) and feet. This condition is accompanied by itching. When cracks occur pain. I had to advise patients, were amazed when one hand or one foot and both hands and both feet together.
Diagnosis of pompholyx
Differential diagnosis dyshidrotic eczema is conducted primarily with fungal infection, by the way, these two diseases may be combined. As pompholyx should be differentiated from the following diseases: dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, scabies. All this can be successfully done by the dermatologist.
Diagnosis is exposed during the inspection. Definitely rent a scraping on the mushrooms. So, concluding from the above, it is desirable to be surveyed on all internal diseases for elimination of chronic processes.
Treatment of pompholyx
In the treatment of pompholyx apply the following medications: aniline dyes (fukanzen). They are very good at the initial stage. Local treatment we would like to mention hormonal ointments (Triderm, Advantan, Elokim…).
Tools inside: antihistamine (aerius, claritin), desensitizing agents (calcium gluconate, sodium thiosulfate). All these medicines are sold without prescription.
Very important is a diet that excludes carbohydrates (sugars), alcoholic beverages, foods causing allergies (coffee, chocolate, citrus fruits, eggs, tomatoes). Hand washing is better to use baby soap. Hands are thoroughly dried with a towel. Stop contact with aggressive substances (washing powders, detergents).
We should also remember that the therapeutic effect of this type of eczema will not be quick.
In the period of remission is justified, the application of mitigating and fortified ointments and creams (radevic) and folk remedies. This team improves the nutrition of the skin, relieves inflammation, it has healing properties. Used mainly in the form of baths: a decoction of oak bark, chamomile, celandine, sage, yarrow. They are a good help to the basic treatment.
Complications of pompholyx
Complications dyshidrotic eczema associated with the accession of secondary infection as a result of scratching, in the form of pustular skin infections. As mentioned, the disease and from qualified professionals has some difficulties in therapy and self-treatment especially ultimately destined to fail.
Prevention of pompholyx
Prevention of this pathology consists of lifestyle: diet, hand care, treatment of chronic diseases. You need to understand that the process is chronic, and this implies a certain way of life.