On the skin and mucous membranes of man is inhabited by hundreds of species of microorganisms. It is hard to imagine, but in numbers they largely exceed the amount of cells in our body. More than 60% of the total microbial diversity have on the gastrointestinal tract, the rest on the respiratory and urinary system ( about equally ).
The micro-organisms in the gastrointestinal tract, is very important for a person: they line the mucous membrane of the internal organs, preventing the penetration of pathogenic bacteria and the development of infectious diseases, participate in the process of digestion and absorption of food components, micro – and macroelements, and themselves produce vitamins and biologically active substances.
Normal microflora supports the immune system – it stimulates immune cells and prevents the development of food allergies. But the composition of the “Kingdom” microbial intestinal inhomogeneous here live beneficial bacteria necessary for a man, bifidobacteria, lactobacilli, E. coli, bacteriodes, “neutral” bacteria, not bringing the body is neither good nor harm, and not living long in one place, peptostreptococci, Clostridium, staphylococci, Proteus, Klebsiella, veillonella and “bad” organisms that can cause harm.
Intestinal dysbiosis is a condition in which the number of beneficial bacteria decreases, and “neutral” and “bad” – is increasing. Quite often, these changes are of a temporary nature: useful microorganisms themselves to restore balance. If for some reason this does not occur, to restore the microflora have with certain drugs.
The causes of dysbiosis
Initially, the intestines of the baby is sterile. Intestinal colonization by microorganisms begins when the baby during childbirth passes through the birth canal of the mother. Once in the outside world, the child “meets” with a huge number of bacteria that live in the air, on the hands of medical staff, on clothes, on the body of the mother.
First microflora consists of various organisms, sometimes not specific to the intestine, but it gradually replaced by normal under the action of special growth factors contained in breast milk. That is why it is important as soon as possible to put baby to the breast after birth and for as long as possible to stick to breastfeeding.
Dysbacteriosis of the intestine can occur in baby due to involuntary admission of a child or nursing mother of antibiotics, late of breastfeeding or General lack of breastfeeding, hypoxic-ischemic lesion of the Central nervous system of the child and related dysbiotic changes in the body of the mother.
In children older causes of dysbiosis can be poor nutrition, stress, receiving broad-spectrum antibiotics or other pharmaceutical drugs, hormones, cytostatics, the environmental situation in the place where the child lives.
The symptoms of dysbiosis
What are the main symptoms of dysbiosis? From the intestinal tract is a significant amount of stool with undigested lumps, unpleasant smell of feces, increased separation with unpleasant putrid odor, rumbling and abdominal pain, abdominal tenderness, natureline, loss of appetite, frequent vomiting.
Dysbacteriosis of the intestine may result in slower weight gain in the baby and even to the loss of body weight. The condition of internal organs affects the appearance of the child: the baby looks pale. The skin becomes dry, flaky, mouth corners, cracks appear. Child worried about itching, the skin there is an allergic rash. Sometimes lesions on the oral mucosa, developing thrush. The baby often suffer from colds and “picks up” intestinal infection.
Treatment of dysbacteriosis
Treatment of intestinal dysbiosis is complex and lasts a long time. All therapy requires parents enough patience and thoroughness in taking drugs. The first stage of treatment is the reduction or complete elimination of unwanted microorganisms. For this purpose specific bacteriophages ( “tamed” viruses that damage certain type of bacteria, without affecting the other ), intestinal antiseptics ( act on the majority of conditionally pathogenic bacteria ).
In severe cases, as well as other inefficiencies may be prescribed antibiotics. In conjunction with antimicrobial therapy used sorbents, which bind and remove unwanted bacteria in the intestinal lumen. To facilitate the digestion and absorption of food the child is prescribed enzyme preparations.
After the deliverance of the intestine from the large number of unwanted microorganisms begin to colonize representatives of normal microflora – bifido – and lactobacteria. There are special drugs that perform the functions of the normal microflora and create favorable conditions for the growth of beneficial microorganisms. Do not experiment, choosing the drug that suits your child can only be a doctor.
Since normal stool we can only indirectly judge what is the composition of the intestinal microflora, treatment require only the state, accompanied by clinical manifestations. In other words, if the child has normal bowel movements stool and no stomach ache, you should not give him drugs bacteria only because his analysis differs from the average norm. If the goiter occurred, it is desirable to determine its root cause. Maybe the child too soon or incorrect lure? Or did he get antibiotics? Maybe he doesn’t have any digestive enzyme? Maybe he has a food Allergy? After answering these and other questions addressed the issue of the correction of biocenosis (microflora) intestines.
Correction of dysbiosis is primarily in removing its causes. Treatment of disease caused dysbiosis, is engaged pediatrician, gastroenterologist, allergist or infectious disease specialist, depending on the nature of the underlying pathology. In the course of treatment of the underlying disease at the same time reduces the incidence of dysbiosis. For example, with the normalization of stool in the child or the correction of enzymatic disorders improve microbial landscape of the intestine.
The basis for the correction of dysbacteriosis is eating right, long thoracic vskarmlivanie, the introduction of complementary foods in time. To support the composition of the microflora at the proper level also sour-milk formulas and products enriched with bifidobacteria and lactobacilli (“NAN with bifidus bacteria”, “Lactarius”, “Bifidok”, “Narine”, etc.).
To medicinal agents include drugs, containing microorganisms — representatives of normal flora (liquid and dry “Bifidumbacterin”, “Lactobacterin”, “Linex”, etc.); funds, which are the breeding ground for the growth of bifidobacteria and lactobacilli and stimulates their proliferation (“Hylak-Forte”, “Lysozyme”, etc.), the bacteriophages, in some cases, treatment begins with antibiotics with subsequent correction of the microflora by probiotics.